hængia (OSw) hængje (ODan) hengja (ON) verb

Hanging may have been the most common form of capital punishment, although the method was rarely explicitly mentioned in OIce and ONorw laws. Hanging was considered dishonourable and was mainly used in cases of theft exceeding a certain value, and when the thief was caught in the act. Women were not to be hanged with the explicit exception of cases of witchcraft in OSw ÄVgL Tb. In ODan JyL 2:87 the hanging was to be carried out by the king’s official, but otherwise it seems generally assumed that the plaintiffs could act as executioners of the death sentence issued by the þing ‘assembly’; a preceding sentence was, however, not required in OIce and ONorw laws. Often appears with the adverb/particle up.


hang ODan JyL 2
ODan SkL 151, 162, 184, 226
ODan VSjL 86, 87
OIce Grg Bat 113
OSw ÄVgL Tb
OSw BjR
OSw DL Tjdb
OSw KrL Bb Eb Tb
OSw MEL Bb Eb Tb
OSw MESt Kgb Bb Tb
OSw SdmL Tjdb
OSw YVgL Tb
Refs:

Gade 1986, 159−68; KLNM s.v. dødsstraf; Schlyter s.v. up hængia

Citation
  • ‘hængia’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.

  • http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/2408
    (06/24/2024)