hæraþsnæmd (OSw) hærethsnævnd (ODan) noun

A næmd ‘panel’ with, according to ODan JyL, three members from each fjarthing ‘quarter’ (see fiarþunger) of the hæreth ‘district’ (see hæraþ). It dealt with cases of, for instance, forgery, arson, highwaymen (ODan JyL), referrals from the king concerning sins (OSw SmL), contradictory oaths, infanticide, unjust revenge, rape, chasing off opponents, association with outlaws, breaching the king’s sworn oath, killings and a hæraþshöfþingi failing to heed a call from a householder (OSw ÖgL). OSw ÖgL (Kkb 16) prescribed a functional division between hæraþsnæmd (formal aspects) and biskupsnæmd (q.v.) (facts). Appears in OSw ÄVgL, YVgL, KrL and MEL in the expression lukt (lit. ‘closed, locked’) hæraþsnæmd, which probably indicated unanimity and that all members had to be present. In the late OSw KrL, the hæraþsnæmd was appointed for the entire þing ‘assembly’, as opposed to for each case.

district jury OSw ÖgL Kkb, Eb, Db
hundred jury OSw KrL Kgb Gb Äb Bb Kmb Rb Eb Hb DbI DbII SmbI SmbII Tb
OSw MEL Kgb Bb Rb Eb Hb DbI SmbI Tb

jury of the {hæraþ} OSw ÖgL Jb Kmb Rb Bb
men of a district ODan JyL 3
nominated men of the district OSw ÄVgL Slb, Äb
OSw YVgL Frb, Drb, Äb, Rlb, Add

panel from the {hæraþ} OSw SmL Refs:

Andersen 2014; Lindkvist 2021, 20; Schlyter 1877, s.v.v. hæraþsnæmd, lukter;  SL ÄVgL, 69 note 33; Åqvist 1989, 283

  • ‘hæraþsnæmd’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.

  • http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/2416