fimmtardómr (ON) fimtardómr (ON) noun

‘The Fifth Court’ established in 1005 at the General Assembly in Iceland. Served as a type of appeals court for cases which were not resolved within one of the four Quarter Courts (ON fjórðungsdómr). The fimmtardómr also had jurisdiction for certain types of cases, such as perjury or bribery occurring at the General Assembly. Decisions within The Fifth Court were made by simple majority by a panel of 48 judges. The Fifth Court was abolished when Iceland came under the control of the Norwegian king during the second half of the thirteenth century. The term may also refer to a judgment given after five-day notice period as suggested in GuL.

Fifth Court OIce Grg Þsþ 41, 43 Refs:

CV s.v. fimt; Fritzner s.v. fimtardómr; GAO s.v. Ding, domare; Hertzberg s.v. fimtardómr; KLNM s.v. dómr, fimtardómr; Miller 1984; Miller 1990, 18; MSE s.v. althingi

  • ‘fimmtardómr’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.