vili (OSw) vilje (ODan) vilia (OGu) vili (ON) noun

Literally, ‘will’. Mainly contrasted to vaþi ‘accident’, a distinction presumed to be influenced by canon law. Definitions and examples of deeds characterized as committed by vili differ greatly. Whether a deed was done by vili or by vaþi had legal consequences; a deed done by vili was more severely punished and was seen as a breach not only against the victim but also against society.


acceptance OSw HL Mb
accord OIce KRA 12
agreement OGu GL A 32
OSw UL Kkb, Jb, Add. 1
OSw VmL Kkb, Jb

consent ODan ESjL 2, 3
ODan JyL Fort, 1, 3
ODan SkKL 2
ODan SkL 167, 219
ODan VSjL 14, 53, 87
OGu GL A 28
OSw DL Bb, Gb
OSw HL Kkb, Äb, Mb, Blb
OSw ÖgL Gb Äb Kmb Bb
OSw SmL
OSw UL Äb, Mb, Jb, Blb, Add. 6
OSw VmL Äb, Bb
OSw YVgL Add

desire OGu GL A 1
OSw UL Rb

inclination OGu GL A 24
intent ODan ESjL 2, 3
ODan SkBL
ODan SkKL 9
ODan SkL 168
ODan VSjL 26, 57, 58
OSw BjR
OSw HL Mb
OSw KrL Äb Bb Hb DbI DbII SmbI Add
OSw MEL Bb DbII SmbI
OSw MESt Äb Kmb Skb Eb Hb DbI DbII SmbI SmbII
OSw ÖgL Db, Vm
OSw SdmL Kgb, Bb, Mb, Rb, Till

intent (to damage) OSw YVgL Add
intention OIce Þfb 5 Mah 2
OSw ÖgL Eb
OSw SdmL Bb
OSw UL Blb
OSw VmL Bb

permission ODan ESjL 2
ODan SkL 201
OSw ÖgL Bb
OSw VmL Jb

purpose OSw HL Äb
will (1) ODan JyL 1−3
ODan SkL 108, 172, 226
OGu GL Add. 1 (B 4)
OIce KRA 13
OSw DL Gb, Tjdb
OSw HL Äb, Mb
OSw MEL Eb
OSw UL Mb
OSw YVgL Utgb, Add

wish ODan ESjL 1
ODan SkL 50, 131
ONorw GuL Krb, Kvb, Leb
OSw HL Kkb

Expressions:

avund ok ilder vili (OSw) avend ok ilvilje (ODan)

malignancy and wrath OSw YVgL Rlb

hate or ill will ODan SkL 149

at vili (ODan) at vilja (ON)

deliberately ONorw GuL Leb

wilfully ODan JyL 3

mæþ vilia (OSw) mæth vilje (ODan)

according to the wishes ODan SkL 131

by will OSw HL Mb

intentionally OSw UL Mb VmL Mb ODan ESjL 3 SkL 168 VSjL 57, 58

on purpose OSw HL Äb

wilfully ODan SkL 108, 172, 226 OSw MEL DbI ÖgL Bb

with consent ODan SkL 219

with intent ODan ESjL 2 VSjL 26 OSw MEL Bb SmbI SdmL Kgb UL Mb, Blb VmL Mb

with intention ODan SkKL 9

Refs:

Descheemaeker 2009, 70−73; KLNM s.v.v. förbrytelse, vådaverk

Citation
  • ‘vili’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.

  • http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5865
    (02/23/2024)