öþer (OSw) auðr (ON) noun

‘Wealth, abundance’. In OSw, in the phrase upsala öþer ‘wealth of Uppsala’ referring to farms of the Swedish crown. Its origin, function and relation to husaby (q.v.) and konongsgarþer (q.v.), which it presumably included, has long been debated. HL and YVgL list upsala öþer farms, stating that they may not be sold or disposed of in any way. SdmL declares it the property of the king, being one of the sources of income for the crown, and prohibits its depletion.


{öþer} OSw HL Kkb, Kgb
crown land OSw KrL Kgb
OSw MEL Kgb

royal domain OSw KrL Kgb
OSw MEL Kgb

wealth OIce Grg Klþ 3
OSw KrL Add
OSw SdmL Kgb, Till
OSw YVgL Kvab
Refs:

Brink 2000a; Brink 2000b; Brink forthcoming; KLNM s.v. kronogods; Pettersson 2000

Citation
  • ‘öþer’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.

  • http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/4152
    (02/23/2024)