nam (OSw) nam (ODan) noun

Literally ‘taking’. Movable goods taken by a creditor or plaintiff as surety for due compensation or fine. In ODan, nam had to be preceded by a verdict from the thing ‘assembly’. In both ODan and OSw, it was regulated which parts of the owner’s property could be legally entered when taking the nam, and the taker had to announce it to the neighbours. Contrasted to theft and robbery. Increasingly replaced by distraint and execution performed by someone impartial. The concept is often expressed with the corresponding verb næma (OSw).

deposit OSw DL Rb
personal surety OSw UL Äb
OSw VmL Mb

security OSw ÄVgL Rlb
seizure ODan ESjL 3
ODan JyL 2
OSw ÖgL Db
ODan SkL 85

surety OSw SdmL Bb
OSw VmL Kgb, Mb
OSw YVgL Utgb

KLNM s.v. nam

  • ‘nam’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.