ogilder (OSw) ugild (ODan) ógildr (ON) ogilldær (OSw) ogillt (OSw) ugilder (OSw) adj.

Etymologically related to the verb gælda ‘to pay (for); to be worth’. As an antonym of gilder (q.v.), used of that which does not meet legal standards, translated as e.g. ‘invalid’, ‘deficient’, ‘inadequate’. Also applying to certain legal procedures — for which the translations may overlap — such as the legal denial of compensation, including that for a criminal who is also victimized, reflected in translations such as ‘uncompensated’, ‘without compensation’, ‘not repaid’, of the dismissal of a plaintiff’s request, translated as e.g. ‘dismissed’, ‘without a case’, ‘without voice in the matter’, and of the dropping of charges against a defendant, translated as ‘with impunity’, making it partly synonymous with saklös (q.v.).


deficient OSw DL Bb
dismissed OSw HL Kkb
entitled to no compensation OSw DL Eb
in bad condition OSw KrL Bb
OSw MEL Bb

inadequate OSw ÖgL Rb Bb
OSw SdmL Bb
OSw VmL Kkb, Bb

ineligible for compensation ODan SkBL
OSw HL Kgb, Rb

invalid OIce Js Lbb 22
OSw ÄVgL Smb, Slb, Jb, Tb, Föb
OSw HL Rb
OSw KrL Bb
OSw ÖgL Jb Rb
OSw SdmL Jb, Bb, Rb, Till
OSw UL Kkb, Jb, Blb
OSw VmL Mb, Bb, Rb
OSw YVgL Tb, Jb, Add

no fine is to be paid out OSw HL Blb
no punishment is to be inferred OSw DL Kkb
not in accordance with the law OIce Llb 33
not in order OSw YVgL Jb, Föb, Utgb
not liable OSw MEL Eb
not liable to compensation or wergild ONorw GuL Krb, Llb
not obliged to repay OSw HL Jb
not pay anything for somebody ODan SkL 215, 216
not repayed OSw DL Bb
not subject to compensation OSw DL Kkb, Tjdb
OSw UL Kkb, Mb, Jb, Kmb, Blb
OSw VmL Kkb, Äb, Mb, Kmb

not to be avenged OSw MEL SmbI
not to be compensated OSw KrL Gb
OSw MEL Gb
OSw MESt Gb
OSw UL Blb, Rb
OSw VmL Äb, Rb

of forfeit immunity OIce Llb 34
unavenged OSw MEL Eb
uncompensated OSw DL Eb, Rb
OSw HL Kgb, Äb, Mb, Blb
OSw KrL Jb Bb Kmb Eb Hb DbII SmbI
OSw MEL Bb Kmb
OSw MESt Bb Kmb Eb DbII SmbI Add
OSw ÖgL Kkb, Eb, Db Rb Bb
OSw SdmL Kkb, Kgb, Gb, Bb, Mb
OSw UL Mb, Blb, Add, 2
OSw VmL Mb, Bb

unpunished OSw BjR
OSw KrL SmbI Tb
OSw MEL Bb Eb DbI DbII SmbI Tb
OSw MESt Eb DbI SmbI

void OSw MEL Kgb
OSw YVgL Frb, Drb, Tb

void and null OSw MEL Bb Rb Eb
voided OSw UL Rb
OSw VmL Rb

with impunity OFar Seyð 5
without a case OSw ÄVgL Rlb, Lek
OSw YVgL Rlb

without cause OSw YVgL Tb
without compensation OFar Seyð 5
OIce Mah 2
OIce Js Mah 6, 7
OIce KRA 8
ONorw FrL Intr 1 KrbA 10 Var 14 Rgb 26 Kvb 14 LlbA 21
OSw ÄVgL Kkb, Md
OSw KrL Kgb
OSw MEL Kgb Bb
OSw UL Kgb, Äb, Mb, Blb, Add. 2
OSw VmL Kkb, Kgb, Äb, Mb, Bb
OSw YVgL Kkb, Drb

without protection of the law OSw KrL DbI
OSw MEL DbI

without punishment OSw KrL Bb
OSw MEL Bb

without voice in the matter OSw HL Kkb
Expressions:

döþer ok ogilder (OSw)

null and void OSw MEL Kgb

Refs:

Cleasby and Vigfússon s.v. úgildr; Hertzberg s.v. úgildr; Schlyter s.v.v. gilder, gælda, ogilder

Citation
  • ‘ogilder’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.

  • http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/3916
    (06/23/2024)