tafastr (OGu) adj.

bordering a right of way OGu GL A 24f (64)
bounding a road OGu GL A 25

Citation
  • ‘tafastr’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5277
    (10/20/2021)

tagarþr (OGu) noun

fence along a road OGu GL A 25

Citation
  • ‘tagarþr’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5278
    (10/20/2021)

tagbænda (OSw) noun

A type of sewn boat.
{tagbænda} OSw ÄVgL Fös
Refs: Steen 1933b, 284

Citation
  • ‘tagbænda’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5279
    (10/20/2021)

tak (OSw) tak (ODan) tak (ON) noun

(The state of) a person or an object functioning as a surety for a person not to evade justice, to pay a debt or to fulfil an obligation, sometimes involving an impartial taki (q.v.) to hold goods deposited during a dispute. Often appearing in the context of accusations of theft.


bail ONorw FrL KrbB 20
OSw HL Rb

custody OSw YVgL Äb
hands of a surety man OSw DL Bb
lien OSw ÄVgL Tb
pledge OSw ÄVgL Tb
responsibility ODan JyL 2
right to submit goods in the hands of a surety man OSw DL Bb, Tjdb
security ODan JyL 2
ODan SkL 137, 139, 142, 159
ONorw FrL KrbB 23 ArbB 28
ONorw GuL Llb, Tjb, Leb
OSw YVgL Tb

surety ODan ESjL 3
ODan JyL 2
ODan SkL 159
ODan VSjL 60, 87
OIce Grg Misc 248
OIce Js Þjb 3
ONorw FrL Mhb 12 Reb 2
OSw UL Mb, Blb, Rb
OSw VmL Rb

taking OSw HL Blb
Expressions:

ganga í tak (ON)

give security ONorw GuL Llb

ræna taks ok leþsnar, ræna taks ok leznar (OSw)

deprive of the right to put matters into the hands of a surety man and permit proof of provenance OSw VmL Mb

æsta taks (ON)

give security ONorw GuL Llb, Tjb

to demand surety OIce Grg Misc 248

Refs:

Hertzberg s.v. tak; KLNM s.v. borgen; Schlyter s.v. tak

Citation
  • ‘tak’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5280
    (10/20/2021)

taka (OSw) taka (ON) verb

There are mainly two legally significant uses: 1) to seize goods in pursuance of a judicial order (often taka in (OSw) or take til (ODan)), and 2) to apprehend criminals, particularly thieves, but also certain sex criminals and killers, in circumstances that made their guilt evident, typically with the stolen goods on their person or locked in their home. Provided that the apprehension and its circumstances were properly announced, a criminal caught in this way could be more severely punished, and sometimes even killed, without legal consequences. Expressions include bar ok/ællær (a)takin (viþer/mæþ), innitakin, take i hænde, takin mæþ, takin (ok gripin) a færsko gærning, takin viþ.


apprehend OSw UL Mb, Blb, Rb
OSw VmL Mb, Bb

capture OIce Þjb 2
OSw UL Kgb, Äb, Kmb
OSw VmL Kgb, Kmb

seize OIce Kab 1
Expressions:

bar ok ataka (OSw)

catch in the act OSw UL Kkb, Äb, Mb, Blb VmL Kkb, Äb, Mb, Bb

caught in action OSw HL Blb

bar ok/ællæ a takin viþer/mæþ (OSw)

caught in action OSw HL Blb

caught in the (very) act OSw DL Kkb, Tjdb

caught red-handed OSw DL Bb SdmL Kkb, Bb, Mb

i handum taka (OSw) take i hænde (ODan)

be found in someone’s hands OSw YVgL Rlb, Tb

take someone with something in his possession ODan JyL 2

take someone with something in their hands ODan JyL 2

inni takin (OSw)

caught in the act OSw YVgL Kkb

taka af (ON)

abolish ONorw GuL Krb

kill ONorw GuL Sab

taka in (OSw) in take (ODan)

fence OSw YVgL Jb, Kvab ÄVgL Kva

seize OSw SdmL Bb ODan SkL 170, 179, 181, 189, 206

take out ODan JyL 3

taka mæþ (OSw)

take in flagrante delicto OSw VmL Äb

taka nauðga (ON)

rape OIce Mah 2

taka upp (ON)

confiscate ONorw GuL Mhb

have ONorw GuL Krb

seize ONorw GuL Tfb

taka við (ON)

receive ONorw GuL Løb, Tjb

take i hænde (ODan)

take someone with something in his possession ODan JyL 2

take someone with something in their hands ODan JyL 2

take til (ODan)

seize ODan ESjL 3 SkL 226

take seizure ODan JyL 2

take viþer (ODan)

admit ODan SkL 118

takin a uærkium (ODan)

caught in the act ODan SkL 190

takin mæþ (OSw, ODan)

caught with (it) OSw SdmL Bb, Mb, Tjdb

taken with it ODan SkL 162, 184

takin ok gripin a færsko gærning (OSw)

apprehended redhanded OSw HL Kgb

caught and apprehended in the very act OSw SdmL Kgb, Kmb

takin viþ (OSw) taken vither (ODan)

caught ODan JyL 2

caught at (it) OSw SdmL Gb, Bb, Mb, Tjdb, Rb

caught in the (very) act OSw YVgL Rlb ÖgL Kkb, Eb

caught there ODan JyL 3

taken in the act ODan SkL 85

taken with ODan JyL 2

takin ælla fangin a samu gærning (OSw)

caught or captured in the act OSw DL Eb

telja ok taka (ON)

list and seize ONorw GuL Mhb

Refs:

KLNM s.v. frihedsberøvelse

Citation
  • ‘taka’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5281
    (10/20/2021)

takføre (ODan) verb

give security ODan SkL 136, 137, 142
have a pledge ODan SkL 197
have as security ODan SkL 159

Citation
  • ‘takføre’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5287
    (10/20/2021)

taki (OSw) taki (OGu) noun

Person with whom pledges or challenged goods were placed pending resolution of a dispute. Often appearing in expressions such as i taka hænder ‘in the hands of a taki’ Also one who guarantees something abstract, particularly an oath, without sequestration.


bailsman OSw YVgL Tb
capture OSw HL Blb
guarantor OSw UL Mb, Rb
OSw VmL Rb

pledge man OSw HL Rb
surety OSw VmL Mb
OSw YVgL Tb
OSw ÄVgL Tb
OSw ÖgL Db

surety man OGu GL Add. 1 (B 4)
OSw UL Kkb, Mb, Jb, Kmb, Blb, Rb
OSw VmL Kkb, Mb, Jb, Kmb, Bb, Rb

taker OSw ÖgL Kkb
trustee OSw SdmL Jb, Bb, Kmb, Mb, Tjdb, Rb, Till
Refs:

Schlyter s.v. taki

Citation
  • ‘taki’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5288
    (10/20/2021)

takmark (ON) noun

Boundary marker, border, frontier.


limit OIce Grg Feþ 167
OIce KRA 6, 8

Refs:

CV s.v. takmark; Fritzner s.v. takmark; Schlyter s.v. takmark.

Citation
  • ‘takmark’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5293
    (10/20/2021)

taksmaþer (OSw) taks man (OSw) noun

surety man OSw DL Bb
OSw VmL Mb

Citation
  • ‘taksmaþer’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5294
    (10/20/2021)

taksæsting (ON) noun

demand for security ONorw GuL Llb
demand for surety OIce Grg Misc 248

Citation
  • ‘taksæsting’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5295
    (10/20/2021)

taksæstingarváttr (ON) noun

witnesses of the demand for surety OIce Grg Misc 248

Citation
  • ‘taksæstingarváttr’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5296
    (10/20/2021)

taksætia (OSw) taksætje (ODan) taksetja (ON) i tak sætia (OSw) verb

put in security OSw YVgL Tb
OSw ÄVgL Tb

put to bail OIce KRA 29
demand a surety ODan VSjL 87
get surety ODan JyL 2
give surety ODan ESjL 3
have surety ODan ESjL 3

Citation
  • ‘taksætia’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5297
    (10/20/2021)

takuskæl (OSw) noun

agreement OSw UL Jb
tenant’s contract OSw HL Jb

Citation
  • ‘takuskæl’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5298
    (10/20/2021)

tal (ON) noun

count of men ONorw GuL Leb

Citation
  • ‘tal’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5299
    (10/20/2021)

tala (1) (OSw) tale (ODan) noun

appeal OSw DL Rb
case ODan JyL 2
OSw DL Mb, Rb
OSw HL Rb

grounds OSw UL Rb
OSw VmL Rb

suit OSw YVgL Jb

Citation
  • ‘tala (1)’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5300
    (10/20/2021)

tala (2) (ON) noun

calculation ONorw GuL Kpb, Arb, Mhb, Leb, Sab

Citation
  • ‘tala (2)’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5301
    (10/20/2021)

talan (OSw) noun

accusation OSw SmL

Citation
  • ‘talan’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5302
    (10/20/2021)

talaut (OGu) noun

land by a road OGu GL A 24f (64)

Citation
  • ‘talaut’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5303
    (10/20/2021)

taluman (OSw) noun

man knowledgeable in genealogies OSw HL Äb

Citation
  • ‘taluman’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5304
    (10/20/2021)

tassal (OGu) noun

buckle OGu GL A 65

Citation
  • ‘tassal’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5305
    (10/20/2021)