[Strangers.] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [Their Churches.]304

[Strangers.] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [Their Churches.]

"for their Encouragement his Majesty was likewise pleased to grant unto them, that they should pay no greater Duties in any Case than his Majesty's own natural born Subjects; and that they should have all the Privileges and Immunities that generally his Majesty's native Subjects had, for the Introduction of their Children into Schools and Colleges."

"And his Majesty was likewise pleased to order, that all his Officers, both Civil and Military, should give a kind Reception to all such Protestants as should arrive within any of his Majesty's Ports in this Kingdom, and to furnish them with free Passports, and give them all Assistance and Furtherance in their Journeys to the Places to which they should desire to go. And the Lords Commissioners of his Majesty's Treasury were to give Orders to the Commissioners of his Customs, to suffer the said Protestants to pass free with their Goods and Houshold-stuff, whether of a greater or smaller Value, together with their Tools and Instruments, belonging to their Crafts or Trades, and generally all what belonged to them, that might be imported according to the Laws then in Force, without exacting any thing from them."

"And for the further Relief and Encouragement of the said necessitous Protestants, the King would give Order for a general Brief through his Kingdom of England, for collecting the Charity of all well disposed Persons, for the Relief of the said Protestants, who might stand in need thereof."

" And to the End, when any such came over, being Strangers, they might know where to address themselves to fitting Persons, to lay their Requests and Complaints before his Majesty, he was graciously pleased to appoint the Most Reverend Father in God the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, and the Right Reverend the Lord Bishop of London, or either of them, to receive all the said Requests and Petitions, and to present the same to his Majesty; to the End such Order might be given therein as should be necessary." And this Order, for the more public Knowledge thereof, was printed by the King's Printers.

Queen Anne, of later Years, was not behind in her Compassion of the Misery of these poor Protesetants, still under grievous Persecution. For in the Year 1707, these Refugees, viz. the Earl of Lifford, Monsieur Le Coq, Monsieur St. Leger, and several other French Protestant Gentlemen and Ministers, introduced by the Earl of Sunderland, one of the Principal Secretaries of State, April 2. 1707, presented to her Majesty an Address signed by a great Number of them; expressing their Gratitude for her gracious Protection, and charitable Assistance they had received from the English: And laying before her Majesty the distressed and calamitous Condition of their Brethren in France under the present Persecution. And prayed, that her Majesty would be pleased to take the same into her Royal and tender Consideration.

French Refugees Address to Queen Anne, 1707.

To which Address her Majesty was pleased to return the following Answer: "I have always had a great Compassion for the unhappy Circumstances of the afflicted Protestants of France. I will communicate my Thoughts upon this Matter to our Allies: and hope such Measures may be taken as may effectually answer the Intent of your Petition."

Her Answer.

And lastly, upon the Bill about Occasional Conformity in that Queen's Reign, fearing some Restraint might be put upon them in respect of the Exercise of their Religion, they recommended their Case to the Parliament as follows:

The CASE of the Dutch and French Protestant Churches in England.


THAT they were first Established in the Reign of King Edward VI. and afterwards in the Reign of Queen Elizabeth; and have now continued in this Nation upwards of 150 Years.

That those Churches were, and are composed of such Persons, who themselves and their Ancestors fled out of the Netherlands, France, and other Parts beyond the Seas, from Popish Persecution.

That they have Introduced and Established a great Number of very profitable Woollen, Silk, and other Manufactories in this Realm, particularly at London, Canterbury, Norwich, Colchester, &c.

That they have always continued very Dutiful and Loyal to the Crown and Government.

That in the Act of Uniformity, made in the 13th and 14th Years of King Charles II. there is Provision made, and a Clause inserted in favour of the said Churches.

That King James I. of Glorious Memory, in 1614, sent his Royal Letters to the National Synod of the French Churches, expressing his great Care and Concern for their Peace and Preservation.

That in 1618, his said Majesty sent one of his Bishops, and four of the most famous Doctors of the Church of England, to the Synod of Dort, who acted with the whole Body, and signed all their Acts.

That the Convocation of the Clergy in England, were pleased to take Notice of the Protestant Churches Abroad, in several Addresses made to the Crown, and to declare how much they were concerned for the Preservation of their Religion.

That in the Prayers appointed for the public Fasts, and upon solemn Occasions, the Reformed Churches Abroad, are therein recommended to God.

That the Crown of England hath, on the behalf of the Protestants, been Guarantee in several Treaties of Peace between the Protestants and Papists.

That many of the English Nobility and Gentry, when Abroad, do repair to the Protestant Churches and Assemblies, and there receive the Sacrament.

That the Papists Abroad will revile the Protestants, that they are not of the same Religion with the Church of England, altho' they have a Liturgy, and Form of Prayer.

That the Dutch and French Churches maintain (by voluntary Contribution) great Numbers of poor People; which they will be disabled to do, in case Persons of honourable Offices and Imployments are prohibited, under Penalties, to resort to their Churches, and thereby the Poor (which are numerous) will become a great Charge to the several Parishes.

That by the Bill depending concerning Occasional Conformity, the said Churches will be greatly prejudiced in their established Privileges, and their Members may become liable to several Penalties and Forfeitures, unless a Clause be inserted for their Exemption.

That not only they will be prejudiced, but also all the Reformed Churches Abroad: For one of the Advantages of those Churches is, being look'd upon by their Enemies as Churches which are of the same Communion with the Church of England; but when it is known, that those which are in this Kingdom in any Place of Honour or Trust, incur Penalties for being present in the