[Silk-Throwers.] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT.235


"Constituted or Ordained, and by these Presents for Us, Our Heirs and Successors, do Grant, that Our well beloved Subjects, Robert Bolling, Tho. Lord, Hugh Lobley, Christopher Dover, George Garret, &c. now using the Trade, Art and Mystery of Silk-Throwing, and all and every other the Freemen using the Trade, which now use, or hereafter shall use the same, in the City or Liberties, or within any Place or Places within four Miles of our said City; Be, and shall be from henceforth for ever one Body Politic and Corporate in Deed and in Name, by the Name of Master, Wardens and Assistants and Communalty of the Trade, Art and Mystery of Silk-Throwers, &c. And we do grant, that from henceforth for ever there shall be one Master, two Wardens, and eighteen Assistants, &c. Robert Bolling to be the first and present Master: and so to continue till the first Thursday, which shall fall to be in the Month of May in the Year 1630, &c. And Tho. Lord and Will. Hart, the two Wardens till the said Year, &c. That no Foreigner, or other Person, not being Free of the said Trade, other than Englishmen born, which have already been trained up, taught and experienced in the said Art and Mystery, do at any time hereafter attempt, &c. to use or exercise the said Trade, or any thing thereunto belonging, within the said City of London or Liberties, or within any place within four Miles; unless it be the Widows of Freemen that have used in the said Trade Yielding and paying to Us, Our Heirs, &c. for the Premises a Fee Farm Rent of 20s. yearly at the Feast of St. Michael, &c. Witness Our self at Westminster the 23. of April, in the Fifth Year of Our Reign."

Orders of the Company confirmed by the Lord Keeper and Chief Justices.

The Company also obtained an Instrument from the Lord Keeper Coventre, and the two Lords Chief Justices, Sir Nicolas Hyde, and Sir Thomas Richardson, to confirm a Book of Constitutions and Orders made by the Company, and offered unto them by Petition, by vertue of a Statute made 19 H. VII. That no Masters, Wardens or Fellowship of Crafts or Mysteries should take upon them to make any Acts or Ordinances, or to execute them, in Disinheritance or Diminution of the King's Prerogative, nor of any other, against the common Profit of the People: But unless the said Acts or Ordinances be examined by the Chancellor and Treasurer of England, or Chief Justices of either Bench, or three of them, upon pain of Forfeiture of 40l. for every time they should do the contrary.

Book of Statutes: p. 39.

They obtain an Act of Parliament.

And lastly, This Company obtained an Act of Parliament in 14 Car. II. intitled, An Act for regulating the Trade of Silk Throwing. Which seems to be the first Act of Parliament made in their behalf. Which Act setteth forth, that the Company of Silk-Throwers were incorporated 5to Caroli Primi, and made a Body Politic. That the Trade was of singular Use, and very advantagious to this Commonwealth, there being employed by the said Company in and about the City of London (as was exprest in their Petition) above 40000 Men, Women and Children. That they prayed an Enlargement of their Charter, whereby they might be better enabled to avoid the many Deceits and Inconveniences they daily met withal by Intruders, who had not been brought up Apprentices to the said Trade; and others who settled themselves beyond the Limits of the said Charter [which was within four Miles of London] on purpose to avoid the Searches and Supervision of the said Governours. It was enacted, that from the 25. of December 1662, none should exercise the Trade of a Silk-Thrower within the Realm of England, unless such as were Apprentices to the said Trade, upon pain of 40s. for every Month.

It was set forth in their Petition An. 1629. that 7 or 8000 were employed.

So much had the Trade encreased in 30 Years or thereabouts.

All now using or exercising the Trade in London, or within twenty Miles of it, to enter themselves into the said Society or Corporation: And to be subject to the Statutes, Orders and Ordinances thereof.

The Master, Wardens, &c. to have and enjoy all such Grants, Privileges, &c. as by this present Act, or by the Letters Patents of Corporation were given and granted them.

Winders and Doublers, that pawn, sell or detain Silk delivered to them: And the Buyers and Receivers of such Silk, to make to the Parties grieved, Recompence and Satisfaction for their Damage, Loss and Charges, as by the Justices and Officers should be ordered and appointed.

If not able to make Recompence and Satisfaction, then to be whipt and set in the Stocks, where the Offence is committed, or in some Market Town in the County, for the first Offence: and for the second, to make the like, or further Punishment, as the Justice shall think fit.

The Receivers and Buyers also to make Satisfaction, or such as take to pawn any Silk embezelled.

It is lawful for any Freeman of the Company to set on Work any Person being a native Subject to his Majesty, and no other, whether Men, Women or Children, to turn the Mill, tie Threads, double Silk, wind Silk, as formerly they have used to do, altho' such Persons have not served as Apprentices to the Trade, by the space of seven Years.]

The Corporation shall not make any Orders or Ordinances, to set any Rates, or Prices whatsoever, upon the Throwing of Silk, to bind and enforce their Members to work at. But therein the Members shall be left at liberty to contract with their respective Employers.