|Vintrie Ward. [Tower Royal.] ||6
Aged 68. At which time he was one of the Burgesses of Parliament for the
Totnes in the County of Devon.
Vir singulari animi dignitate insignis: Sibi constans: Magnatibus sui temporis,
& vivens &
William Fellows of Lincolns Inn, Esq; one of the Masters of the Court of
John Fellows, Esq; of London, Merchant, his Nephews and joynt Executors erected
Monument to the Memory of their most dear and honoured Uncle.
There is a Table of Benefactors set up in this Church shewing what Charities
James Finch, Citizen and Clothworker of London, gave for ever 10l. 0 0. per ann.
reading Divinity in Whittington College, to be paid by the Worshipful Company of
John Heydon, Citizen, and Mercer and Alderman gave per ann. 13l. 6s. 8d. for a
Lecture in this Church; to be paid by the the Company of Mercers. Which Lecture
been neglected for many years: and Complaint thereof being made to the
for Charitable Uses, they passed a Decree in 1702. Importing that reading
Preaching a Sermon within this Church throughout the whole Year, would fulfil
Will of both Testators. Which Decree is enrolled in the Petty Bag Office: and a
Copy of it
transcribed in the Parish Book. This Lecture is, or was lately preached by Mr.
Frydays afternoon at three of the Clock.
This Church ruined in the great Fire was rebuilt and finished in the year 1694.
The Font was given by Abraham Jordan.
S. Martins in the Vintree is layd to this Parish by Act of Parliament.]
At the upper end of this Street, is the Tower Royal, whereof that street taketh
Tower and great place was so called, of pertaining to the Kings of this Realm:
whom the same was builded, or of what Antiquity continued, I have not read more,
the Reign of King Edward I. second, fourth, and seventh years, it was the
Simon Beawmes. Also, that in the 36th of Edward III. the same was called the
the Parish of Michael de Pater noster: and that in the three and fortieth of his
Reign, he gave
it by the name of his Inne, called the Royal, in his City of London, in value
by year, unto his Colledge of S. Stephen at Westminster. Notwithstanding, in
the Reign of
Richard II. it was called, The Queens Wardrobe, as appeareth by this that
Tower Royal builded about Henry I. as may be supposed. King Stephen was lodged there.
The Queens Wardrobe.
King Richard, having in Smithfield overcome and dispersed the Rebels, he, his
all his Company, entred the City of London, with great joy, and went to the Lady
his Mother, who was then lodged in the Tower-Royal, called the Queens Wardrope,
she had remained three days and two nights, right sore abashed. But when she
King her Son, she was greatly rejoyced and said, Ah Son, what great sorrow have
suffered for you this day! The King answered and said; Certainly, Madam, I know
but now rejoyce, and thank God, for I have this day recovered mine heritage, and
Realm of England, which I had near-hand lost.
The Lady Princess lodged in the Tower Royal.
This Tower seemeth to have been (at
that time) of good defence, for when the Rebels had beset the Tower of London,
possession thereof, taking from thence whom they listed: as in my Annals I have
the Princess being forced to flye came to this Tower Royal, where she was
remained safe as ye have heard. And it may be also supposed, that the King
himself was at
that time lodged there. I read, that in the year 1386. Lyon King of Armony,
out of his Realm by the Tartarians, received innumerable gifts of the King and
Nobles, the King then lying in the Royal. Where he also granted to the said
Armony, a Charter of a thousand pounds by year during his Life. This for proof
suffice, that Kings of England have been lodged in this Tower, though the same
time) hath been neglected, and turned into stabling for the Kings horses, and
now let out to
divers Men, and divided into Tenemens.
This Tower Royal a Place of Defence.
King Richard lodged in the Tower Royal.
Afterwards the Kings Horses here stabled.
This great House, belonging antiently to the Kings of England, was inhabited by
Duke of Norfolk, of the Family of the Howards; granted unto him by King Richard
Third. For so I find in an old Ledger Book of that Kings. Where it is said,
King granted unto John Duke of Norfolk, Messuagium cum Pertinenciis, voc. LE
infra Paroch. Sancti Thomæ Lond."
where we may observe, how this
is said to stand in S. Thomas Apostle tho' Stow placeth it in S. Michaels.
The Duke of Norfolk lodged here.
In Horse bridge-street is the Cutlers Hall, Richard de Wilehale, 1295. confirmed
Butelar, this house and the edifices, in the parish of St. Michael Pater noster
S. Johns upon Walbrooke. Which some time Lawrence Gisors, and his Son Peter
did possess, and afterwards Hugo de Hingham: and lyeth between the Tenement of
Richard towards the South, and the lane called Horseshoo bridge towards the
between the way called Pater noster Church on the West, and the course of
the East, paying yearly one Clove of Gilliflowers at Easter, and to the Prior
and Convent of
S. Mary Over, 6s. This House some time belonged to Simon Dolesly, Grocer, Maior
the year 1359. They of this Company were (of old time) three Arts, or sorts of
to wit, the first were Smiths, Forgers of Blades, and therefore called Bladers,
and divers of
them proved wealthy Men, as namely, Walter Nele, Blader, one of the Sheriffs,
Twelfth of Edward III. deceased, 1352. and buried in S. James Garlicke hith. He
Lands to the mending of High-ways about London, between Newgate and Wicombe,
Aldgate and Chelmsford, Bishopsgate and Ware, Southwark and Rochester, &c.
second were makers of Hafts, and otherwise garnishers of Blades: the third sort
Sheathmakers for Swords, Daggers and Knives. In the Tenth of Henry IV. certain
Ordinances were made betwixt the Bladers, and others Cutlers, and in the fourth
VI. they were all three Companies drawn into one Fraternity or Brotherhood by
Bladers or Blade-Smiths.
Then is Knightriders street, so called (as is supposed) of Knights well armed
at the Tower Royal, riding from thence thro' that street, West to Creed lane,
and so out at
Ludgate, towards Smithfield; when they were there to Turney, Just, or otherwise
their activities before the King and States of the Realm.