16. Cheap Ward.
17. Coleman Street Ward.
18. Bassingshall Ward.
19. Cripplesgate Ward, within and without.
20. Aldersgate Ward, within and without.
21. Faringdon Ward within.
22. Bread Street Ward.
23. Queenhithe Ward.
24. Castle Baynard Ward.
25. Faringdon Ward without the Walls.
One Ward South the River of Thames, in the Borough of
by the Name of,
The first Ward in the East Part.
Knighten Guild .
The Bounds .
Trinity Church and Canons .
St. Katharine's .
East Smithfield .
The New Abby .
The Minories .
Goodman's Fields .
St. Botolph Aldgate .
The Modern State of this Ward .
SEeing that of every of these Wards I have
to say somewhat, I will begin with Portsoken Ward without
This Portsoken, which soundeth as much as the Franchise at the
Gate, was some time a Guild, and had this Beginning, as I have
read. In the Days of King Edgar, more than seven hundred Years
since, there were 13 Knights (or Soldiers) well beloved to the King
and Realm for Services by them done: who requested to have a
certain Portion of Land on the East Part of the City, left desolate
and forsaken by the Inhabitants, by reason of too much Servitude.
They besought the King to have this Land, with the Liberty of a
Guild for ever. The King granted to their Request, with Conditions
following; to wit, That each of them should victoriously accomplish
three Combats; one above the Ground, one under Ground, and the
Third in the Water. And after this, at a certain Day, in East
Smithfield, they should run with Spears against all Comers. All
which was gloroiously performed. And the same Day the King
named it Knighten Guild, and so bounded it, from Ealdgate to the
Place where the Bars now are toward the East, on both the sides of
the Street, and extended it towards the North, and the Gate, now
since called Bishopsgate, unto the House then of William
Presbyter, after of Jeffrey Tanner, and then of the Heirs of Colver;
after that, of John Easeby; but since of the Lord Bouchier, &c. And
again, towards the South, unto the River of Thames, and so far into
the Water, as a Horseman, entring the same, might ride at a low
Water, and throw his Spear. So that all East Smithfield, with the
Right Part of the Street that goeth to Dodding Pond, into the
Thames, and also the Hospital of St. Katharine, with the Mills, that
were founded in King Stephen's Days, and the outward Stone Wall,
and the new Ditch of the Tower, are of the said Fee and Liberty:
For the said Wall and Ditch of the Tower were made in the Time of
King Richard I. when he was in the Holy Land, by William
Longshampe, Bishop of Ely, as before I have noted unto you.
The Original thereof.
Bounds of Knighten Guild or Portsoken Ward.
These Knights had as then none other Charter by all the Days of
Edgar, Ethelred, and Cnutus, until the Time of Edward the
Confessor: Whom the Heirs of those Knights humbly besought to
confirm their Liberties; whereunto
he graciously granting, gave them a Deed thereof, as appeareth in
the Book of the late House of the Holy Trinity. The said Charter
was fair written in the Saxon Letter and Tongue.
The Liberties confirmed.
After this, King William, the Son of William the Conqueror, made a
Confirmation of the same Liberties unto the Heirs of these Knights
in these Words:
William, King of England to Maurice, Bishop, and Godfrey de
Magum, and Richard de Parre, and to his faithful People of
London, greeting: Know yee me to have graunted to the Men of
Knighten Guild, the Guild that belonged to them, and the Land that
belonged thereunto, with all Customes, as they had the same in
the time of King Edward, and my Father. Witness Hugh de Buche;
K. William's Charter.
After him, King Henry I. confirmed the same by his Charter to the
like Effect; the Recital whereof I pretermit for Brevity sake. After
which Time, the Church of the Holy Trinity within Ealdgate of
London, being founded by Queen Matilde, Wife to the said Henry,
the Multitude of Brethren praising God Day and Night therein, in
short time so encreased, that all the City was delighted in the
beholding of them. Insomuch that in the Year 1115, certain
Burgesses of London, of the Progeny of those Noble English
Knights; to wit, Radulphus Fitzalgod, Wilmarde le Devereshe,
Orgare le Prude, Edward Hupcornehill, Blackstanus, and Alwine his
Kinsman, and Robert his Brother, the Sons of Leafstanus the
Goldsmith, Wizo his Son, High Fitzvulgar, Algare Secusme, coming
together into the Chapter House of the said Church of the Holy
Trinity, gave to the same Church, and Canons serving God therein,
all the Lands and Soke called in English Knighten Guild, which lieth
to the Wall of the City without the same Gate, and stretcheth to
the River of Thames: They gave it, I say, (taking upon them the
Brotherhood and Participation of the Benefits of that House) by
the Hands of Prior Norman.
Priory of the Trinity within Ealdgate.
Knighten Guild given the Canons of the Holy Trinity.
And the better to confirm this their Grant, they offered upon the
Altar there the Charter of Edward, together with the other
Charters which they had thereof. And afterward they did put the
foresaid Prior in Seisin thereof, by the Church of St. Botolph, which
is builded thereon, and is the Head of that Land. These things
were thus done before Bernard, Prior of Dunstable, John,