CITY OF LONDON
Containing a particular Inspection into the
Thirteen Wards on the
East Side of WALBROOKE.
The Division of the CITY into four Parts:
And into Twenty Six Wards,
or Aldermanries; within and without the Walls .
HAVING thus in a Generality handled the
Original of the City, the Walls, Gates, Ditches, and fresh Waters of it;
its Bridges, Towers and Castles, the Houses of Law, the Colleges and
Schools of Learning, the Hospitals, and charitable Foundations; I am
now to set down the Distribution of this City into Parts, and more
especially to declare the Antiquities Note-worthy in every of the
same. And then, afterwards, how both the Whole and Parts have
been from time to time ruled and governed.
The City of London, taking in that also of Westminster, with the
adjacent Parts which begirt them, may not improperly be divided
into four Parts. The First is the City of London within the Walls and
Freedom, which is inhabited by wealthy Merchants and Tradesmen,
with a Mixture of Artificers, as depending on Trade and Manufacture.
Secondly, The City or Liberty of Westminster, and the adjacent Parts,
which are taken up by the Court and Gentry, yet not without a
mixture of eminent Tradesmen and Artificers. Thirdly, That Part
beyond the Tower, which compriseth St. Katharines, East Smithfield,
Wapping, Shadwell, Ratcliff, Limehouse, and so Eastward to
Blackwall. Which are chiefly inhabited by Seafaring Men, and those
that by their Trades, or otherwise, have their Dependance thereon.
And, Fourthly, Southwark, which taking in all the Borough almost as
far as Newington Southwards, to Rotherhith in the East, and to
Lambeth in the West, is generally inhabited and fitted with
Tradesmen, Artificers, Mariners, Water-men, and such as have their
Subsistence by and on the Water: Besides abundance of Porters and
Labourers, useful in their kind to do the most servile Work in each of
the four Parts.
London divided into four Parts.
All these four Parts taken together have a vast Extent: For from the
farthest End beyond Petty-France Westward, unto Blackwall in the
East, is reckoned above five Miles; and from the farthest End of
Shoreditch Northwards, to the End of Blackmoore Street in
Southwark Southwards, is about three Miles, making in
Circumference above 15 Miles.
This great and populous City contains in the whole 6 or 7000 Streets,
Lanes, Alleys, Courts, and Yards of Name, and generally very full of
Inhabitants. Before the late dreadful Fire of London, the Houses
within the Walls were computed to be about 13000; and that is
accounted not above a sixth Part of the four Parts: And in these late
Years whole Fields have been converted into Builded Streets, Alleys,
and Courts; as the great Buildings about the Abby of Westminster,
Tuthill Fields, and those Parts: Then the greatest Part of St. James's
Parish, as St. James's Fields, Albemarle Buildings, St. James's Street,
Piccadilly, Golden Square, all the Streets in the Soho Fields, wherein
St. Ann's Parish; also all Bloomsbury, Kings Square, and the new
Streets thereabouts: the several Streets by St Giles's Church, Red
Lyon Square, and the several Streets abutting thereon; all Hatton
Garden, and the Streets on the Back Part of Purple Lane towards the
Streets, Lanes, Courts, &c.
Number of Houses.
Great Additions of Buildings.