Ancient Housekeeping. 244

Ancient Housekeeping.

Item, 168 Yards of Russet Cloth, and 24 Coats for poor Men, with Money given to the Poor on Maundy Thursday, 8l. 16s. 7d.

Northern Russet, half Yard and half Quarter broad, I have seen sold for Four Pence the Yard, and was good Cloth of a mingled Colour.

Item, 24 Silver Dishes, so many Sawcers, and so many Cups for the Buttery, one Pair of Pater-Nosters, and one Silver Coffin, bought this Year, 103l. 5s. 6d.

To divers Messengers about the Earl's Business, 34l. 19s. 8d.

In the Earl's Chamber, 5l.

To divers Men for the Earl's old Debts, 88l. 16s. ob. q.

Sum, 1207l. 7s. 11d. ob. q.

The Expences of the Countess at Pickering, for the Time of this Account, as in the Pantry, Buttery, Kitchen, and other Places, concerning these Offices, 285l. 13s. 4d. ob.

The Countess's Expences.

In Wine, Wax, Spices, Cloaths, Furs, and other things for the Countess's Wardrobe, 154l. 7s. 4d. ob.

Sum, 439l. 8s. 6d. q.

Summa totalis of the whole Expences, 7957l. 13s. 4d. ob.

Thus much for this Earl of Lancaster.

More, I read, that in the 14th of the same Edward II. Hugh Spencer the Elder (condemned by the Commonalty) was banished the Realm. At which Time it was found by Inquisition, that the said Spencer had in sundry Shires 59 Mannors: He had 28000 Sheep, 1000 Oxen and Steers, 1200 Kine with their Calves, 40 Mares with their Colts, 160 drawing Horses, 2000 Hogs, 300 Bullocks, 40 Tons of Wine, 600 Bacons, 80 Carkasses of Martilmass Beef, 600 Muttons in Larder, 10 Tons of Cyder. His Armour, Plate, Jewels, ready Money, better than 10000 Pounds; 36 Sacks of Wooll, and a Library of Books. Thus much the Record. Which Provision for Houshold, sheweth a great Family there to be kept.

Record Tower. Hugh Spencer the Elder's Provision for Housekeeping. Which sheweth a great Family to be kept in Houshold.

Nearer to our Time, I read in the 36th of Henry VI. that the greater Estates of the Realm being called up to London.

Robert Fabian, Manuscript.

Great Noblemen came up to London.

The Earl of Salisbury came up to London with 500 Men on Horseback, and was lodged in the Herber.

Richard Duke of York, with 400 Men, lodged at Baynard's Castle.

The Dukes of Excester and Somerset with 800 Men.

The Earl of Northumberland, the Lord Egremont, and the Lord Clifford, with 1500 Men.

Richard Nevell, Earl of Warwick, with 600 Men, all in Red Jackets, embroidered with ragged Staves before and behind, and was lodged in Warwick Lane. In whose House there was oftentimes six Oxen eaten at a Breakfast; and every Tavern was full of his Meat. For he that had any Acquaintance in that House, might have there so much of sodden and rost Meat, as he could prick and carry upon a long Dagger.

Nevell Earl of Warwick's House-keeping.

Richard Redman Bishop of Ely, Anno 1500, the 17th of Henry VII. besides his great Family, Housekeeping, Alms-dish, and Relief to the Poor wheresoever he was lodged; In his travelling, when at his coming or going to or from any Town, the Bells being rung, all the Poor would come together, to whom he gave every one Sixpence at the least.

Richard Redman, Bishop of Ely.

And now to note of our own time somewhat. Not omitting in this Place Thomas Woolsey, Archbishop of York, and Cardinal: His Servants daily attending in his House were about 400, omitting his Servants Servants, which were many. You shall understand, that he had in his Hall continually three Tables or Boards, kept with three principal Officers; to wit, a Steward, who was always a Priest; a Treasurer, a Knight; and a Comptroller, a Squire. Also a Cofferer, being a Doctor; three Marshals, three Yeomen Ushers in the Hall, besides two Grooms and Almners. Then in the Hall Kitchen, two Clerks of the Kitchen, a Clerk Comptroller, a Surveyor of the Dresser, a Clerk of the Spicery; all which together kept also a continual Mess in the Hall. Also, in his Hall Kitchen he had of Master Cooks two, and of other Cooks, Labourers, and Children of the Kitchen, twelve Persons; four Yeomen of the ordinary Scullery, four Yeomen of the Silver Scullery, two Yeomen of the Pastry, with two other Pastelers under the Yeomen.

The great Housekeeping of Thomas Woolsey, Lord Archbishop of York.

A. M.

Taken from Stow's Annal.

Officers for the Hall Kitchen. Master Cooks, and other.

In the Privy Kitchen, he had a Master Cook, who went daily in Velvet and Sattin, with a Chain of Gold about his Neck, and two other Yeomen, and a Groom. In the scalding House, a Yeoman and two Grooms. In the Pantry, two Yeomen. In the Buttery two Yeomen, two Grooms, and two Pages. In the Chandery, two Yeomen. In the Wafary, two Yeomen. In the Wardrobe of Beds, the Master of the Wardrobe, and ten other Persons attending. In the Laundery, a Yeoman, a Groom, thirty Pages, two Yeomen Purveyors, and one Groom. In the Bake House, a Yeoman and two Grooms. In the Wood Yard, a Yeoman and a Groom. In the Barn, one. In the Garden, a Yeoman and two Grooms: A Yeoman of his Stage; a Master of his Horse; a Clerk of the Stable; a Yeoman of the same; the Saddler; the Farrier; a Yeoman of his Chariot; a Sumpterman; a Yeoman of his Stirrop; a Muleter; and Sixteen Grooms of his Stable; every one of them keeping four Geldings; Porters at his Gate; two Yeomen, and two Grooms: In the Armoury a Yeoman and a Groom.

For the Privy Kitchen.

Scalding House. Pantry, Buttery, Chandery. Wafary. Wardrobe of Beds.



Wood yard.

Barn. Garden. Barge.



In his Chapel he had a Dean, a great Divine, and a Man of excellent Learning; a Subdean, a Repeater of the Quire, a Gospeller, a Pisteler; of singing Priests, Ten; a Master of the Children; Twelve Seculars, being singing Men of the Chapel; Ten singing Children, with a Servant to attend upon the Children. In the Revestry, a Yeoman and two Grooms, over and beside divers Retainers, that came thither at principal Feasts.

The Order of his Chapel.

For the Furniture of his Chapel, it exceedeth my Capacity to declare, or to speak of the Number of costly Ornaments and rich Jewels that were used in the same continually. There hath been seen in Procession about the Hall, Four and Forty very rich Copes worn, all of one Suit, besides the rich Crosses and Candlesticks, and other Ornaments belonging to the Furnishment of the same. He had two Cross-Bearers, and two Pillar- Bearers in his great Chamber; and in his Privy Chambers these Persons; first, the chief Chamberlain and Vice Chamberlain: Of Gentlemen Ushers (beside one in his Privy Chamber) he had twelve daily Waiters; and of Gentlemen Waiters, in his Privy Chamber, he had six; of Lords Nine or Ten, who had (each of them) two Men allowed to attend upon them, except the Earl of Darby, who always was allowed five Men. Then had he of Gentlemen Cupbearers, Carvers, Sewers, both of the Privy Chamber, and of the great Chamber, with Gentlemen (daily Waiters there) 40 Persons: of Yeomen Ushers 6: Of Grooms in his Chamber 8: Of Yeomen in his Chamber 45 daily. He had also Alms Men, sometime more in Number, than at other times.

The rich Furniture of his Chapel.

Cross-bearers and Pillar-bearers. His Privy Chamber.

Gentlemen Waiters.

Lords and their Attendants.

For the Privy and Great Chamber.

There was attending on his Table daily, of Doctors and Chaplains, (beside them of his Chapel) 16. A Clerk of his Closet, two Secretaries, two Clerks of his Signet, and four Counsellors learned in the Laws. And forasmuch as it was necessary to have divers Officers of the Chancery to attend upon him; that is to say, the Clerk of the Crown, a riding Clerk, a Clerk of the Ham-

Daily Attendants on his Table.

Officers of the Chancery.