|Publick Schools erected.
To which House all Communications might be directed, to be left for either of
And that this might be said for the Encouragement of such Benefactions; That the
Donors would be thereby entitled, not only to have their Names recorded in the
Books of one of the best intended Societies in Europe; (And that bears no
inconsiderable Reputation amongst all the Learned World abroad, however
by some here at home;) but also to meet
with convenient Opportunities of having their Donations carefully preserved, for
Benefit and Satisfaction of Posterity.
And that now there can be no room to doubt, but that the Royal Society is in as
way as any Corporation can be, of being established a perpetual one: Especially
duly consider the Contributions and Legacies lately left it; which may be seen
House aforesaid: Most of which generous and worth Benefactors being yet alive.
The Publick SCHOOLS.
The Parliament petitioned to for Schools, in
the 25th of
Which were the ancient ones.
St. Anthony's School.
Paul's School. The Founding thereof.
The School at Mercers Chapel.
A Custom there.
Other Free Schools.
Free Schools in Southwark, and Westminster.
The Charity Schools.
TO these Colleges and Societies of Learning, it suits
to subjoin the Foundations of Charity, for the bringing up of Youth in good
and Christian Manners; which we call Schools. Concerning which, to what hath
said at Chap. XXII. let these Things be added concerning them.
Due Care was taken in ancient Times, that London should be supplied with Schools
Ancient Schools in London.
In King Stephen's Time, there were Three principal great Schools, belonging to
Three chief Churches, as Fitzstephen writes; (but he does not tell us which
Churches were;) where Youth were bred up in the Skill not only of Grammar, but
Logick, Philosophy, Rhetorick, Poetry, and Wit. Besides which, there were
of lesser Account. But afterwards, and in the Times of King Henry VI. gross
Ignorance and want of Learning prevailed in London, as well as elsewhere; which
appeared even in Churchmen themselves, (to their Shame) as well as in the Laity.
Schools were neglected, and gone to decay. Wherefore, for the restoring of
Four grave Clergymen, and Parsons of Parishes in the City, petitioned the
that sat in the 25th Year of Henry the VIth, That they and their Successors
allowed to set up Schools in their Four respective Churches, and appoint
in them: Viz. In Great Alhallows, St. Andrew Holborn, St. Peter's in Cornhill,
Fitzstephen Descript. Lond.
It may be worth the relating of this Matter out of the Records of the Tower.
Petition of these Reverend Persons ran to this Tenor:
"To the ful worthie and discrete Communes in this present Parlement
considre the grete Nombre of Gramer Scholes that sometyme were in divers Parties
this Realme, beside those that were in London, and how few ben these Dayes, and
grete Hurt that is caused of this, not oonly in the Spiritual Partie of the
oftentyme it apperith
to openly in som Persones with grete Shame, but also in the temporal Partie; to
also it is full expedyent to have competent Congruite for manie Causes, as to
Record. Turr. Rot. Parl. An. 25. H. VI.
Petition to the Parliament, for setting up
"And forasmuche as to the Cite of London is the commone Concourse of this
lake of Schole Maistres in ther own Contree, for to be enfourmed of Gramer ther,
som for the grete Almess of Lordes, Merchants, and others, that which is in
more plenteuosly, sooner than in manie other Places of this Reaume, to such
Creatures as never shuld have be brought to so greet Vertu and Counyng as thei
ne had hit ben by the meane of the Almess abovesaid:
Wherefor it were expedyent, that in London were a sufficient Nomber of Scholes,
good Enfourmers in Gramer; and not, for the singular avail of two or three
grevously to hurt the Multitude of yong Peple of al this Land. For wher there
Nombre of Lerners and few Techers; and al the Lerners be compelled to go to the
Techers, and to noon others, the Maistres waxen riche of Monie, and the Learners
pouere in connyng, as Experyence openlie shewith ayenst all Vertu and Ordre of
And these Premisses moven and sturen of grete Devocion and Pitee Mastre William
Lycchefeld Parson of the Parich Chirche of Al Hallowen the More in London,
Gilbert, Person of Seint Andrew Holbourne, in the Suburbs of the said Citee,
John Cote, Person of Seint Petre in Cornhull of London, and John Neel, Maistre
Hous or Hospital of Seint Thomas of Acres, and Person of Colchirche in London;
compleyne unto you, and for Remedie besechyn you, to pray the Kyng our Soveraign
Lord, that he bi the Advys and Assent of the Lords Spirituel and Temporel in
present Parliament assembled, and bi Authoritie of the same Parliament, will
ordeyne and graunt to the said Maistre William and his Successors, that they in
Parish of Al-"