vargher (OSw) vargr (ON) noun

Etymologically presumably ’strangler’. In OSw, used of both wolves and humans, and in OIce, specifically of outlawed criminals. The animal appears as a threat to domestic animals and people, and the hunting of wolves was either an obligation, always done with impunity, or entitled the hunter to a reward from others in the district (SdmL, UL, VmL, YVgL) (cp. ulv). In OSw ÄVgL and YVgL, if wolves killed domestic animals in one’s care it was occasionally considered neglect, in contrast to bears, which were always seen as superior force.


outcast OIce Grg Bat 115
wolf ONorw GuL Krb, Kpb
OSw HL Blb
OSw SdmL Bb
OSw YVgL Rlb, Utgb
OSw ÄVgL Rlb, Föb

Refs:

Hellquist s.v. varg

Citation
  • ‘vargher’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5708
    (01/19/2022)