yfirboð (ON) noun

authority OIce HT 2
command OIce Js Kdb 2

Citation
  • ‘yfirboð’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/6068
    (12/02/2021)

yfirferð (ON) noun

visitation OIce KRA 3
ONorw BorgL 10

Citation
  • ‘yfirferð’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/6069
    (12/02/2021)

yfirhor (OGu) noun

Double adultery, that is, where both participants were married. This word occurs only in GL. The wronged party (malsaigandi, see malsæghandi) was considered to be the husband of the woman in the case, and he received twelve marker as did the ‘authorities’. The wife of the man not receiving any compensation. This is comparable to the situation where a married man commits adultery with an unmarried woman, in which case he pays her, but his wife receives nothing. The penalty was far higher (wergild equivalent or death) if the pair were discovered in flagrante as was the case if only the woman were married. It is worth noting that the expression lerdir ella olerdir ‘ordained or not ordained’ in the B-text of GL, implies that married priests were still a feature of Gotlandic society in the thirteenth century.


double adultery OGu GL A 21
Refs:

KLNM s.v. ægteskabsbrud; Peel 2015, 145 note 21/4; Schlyter 1877, s.v. yfir hor; SL GL, 271 note 2

Citation
  • ‘yfirhor’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/6070
    (12/02/2021)

yfirsókn (ON) noun

jurisdiction OIce Grg Klþ 4
right to govern and to prosecute ONorw GuL Olb, Leb

Citation
  • ‘yfirsókn’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/6071
    (12/02/2021)

yfirsóknarmaðr (ON) yfirsóknarmenn (ON) noun

These were men acting as public prosecutors.


official ONorw GuL Krb
surveyor ONorw FrL Var 13
Refs:

Hertzberg s.v. yfirsóknarmaðr; KLNM s.v.v. lejde, sysselmann; RGA2 s.v. lender menn

Citation
  • ‘yfirsóknarmaðr’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/6072
    (12/02/2021)

ýki (ON) noun

exaggeration OIce Grg Misc 237
impossible tale ONorw GuL Tfb

Citation
  • ‘ýki’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/6073
    (12/02/2021)

ykia (OSw) verb

dispute OSw SmL

Citation
  • ‘ykia’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/6074
    (12/02/2021)

ylfa (ON) verb

bully ONorw FrL Var 46

Citation
  • ‘ylfa’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/6075
    (12/02/2021)

yliansmæssa (OSw) noun

Saint Ilian’s Mass OSw DL Bb

Citation
  • ‘yliansmæssa’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/6076
    (12/02/2021)

ymil (OGu) noun

rumour OGu GL A 20a

Citation
  • ‘ymil’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/6077
    (12/02/2021)

ymsir (OSw) ymis (OGu) adj.

on each side OSw VmL Bb
several (of them) OGu GL A 28

Citation
  • ‘ymsir’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/6078
    (12/02/2021)

yrkia (OSw) yrkia (OGu) verb

extend their slavery OGu GL A 6
work OGu GL A 16, 25
OSw UL Mb
OSw VmL Mb

Citation
  • ‘yrkia’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/6079
    (12/02/2021)

yrknaþafæ (OSw) öknaþa fæ (OSw) værknaþa fæ (OSw) noun

working animal OSw UL Blb
OSw YVgL Bb

Citation
  • ‘yrknaþafæ’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/6080
    (12/02/2021)