vaggubarn (OSw) noun

infant OSw DL Mb

Citation
  • ‘vaggubarn’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5633
    (10/20/2021)

vaghli (OSw) vagli (OGu) noun

perch OGu GL A 19
roost OSw VmL Mb

Citation
  • ‘vaghli’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5634
    (10/20/2021)

vaghrakki (OSw) noun

willow tie OSw UL Blb

Citation
  • ‘vaghrakki’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5635
    (10/20/2021)

váglati (ON) noun

accident OIce Grg Fjl 224

Citation
  • ‘váglati’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5636
    (10/20/2021)

vagn (OGu) noun

wagon OGu GL A 6, 24, 26

Citation
  • ‘vagn’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5637
    (10/20/2021)

vagniklaferþ (OGu) noun

wagon-riders’ procession OGu GL A 24

Citation
  • ‘vagniklaferþ’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5638
    (10/20/2021)

vagniklar (pl.) (OGu) noun

wagon-riders OGu GL A 63, Add. 6 (B 33)

Citation
  • ‘vagniklar (pl.)’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5639
    (10/20/2021)

vágr (ON) noun

cove ONorw GuL Kvr

Citation
  • ‘vágr’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5640
    (10/20/2021)

vágrek (ON) noun

wave drift OIce Grg Lbþ 218
OIce Llb 61, 71
OIce Js Rkb 1

Citation
  • ‘vágrek’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5641
    (10/20/2021)

vaizlurol (OGu) noun

feast OGu GL A 24

Citation
  • ‘vaizlurol’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5642
    (10/20/2021)

vaka (OSw) noun

Appears in expressions such as vtan warþ oc wacu (SdmL) ‘outside the guard and watch’ concerning the naval defence.


watch OSw SdmL Kgb, Mb
OSw UL Kgb

Citation
  • ‘vaka’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5643
    (10/20/2021)

vaksen (ODan) adj.

adult ODan ESjL 1
grown-up ODan SkL 141

Citation
  • ‘vaksen’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5644
    (10/20/2021)

vakta (OSw) verb

observe OSw UL Kkb, Add. 15
OSw VmL Kkb

Citation
  • ‘vakta’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5645
    (10/20/2021)

val (OSw) noun

election OSw SdmL Till
OSw ÖgL Kkb

Citation
  • ‘val’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5646
    (10/20/2021)

valborghamæssa (OSw) valborgamessa (OGu) noun

Walpurgis’ Day OSw VmL Bb
Walpurgis’ Mass OSw SdmL Kkb, Bb
Walpurgis’ Night OGu GS Ch. 3

Citation
  • ‘valborghamæssa’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5647
    (10/20/2021)

vald (OSw) vald (ODan) vald (OGu) vald (ON) val (OSw) vold (OSw) noun

Frequently appearing in various translations related to a central meaning of ‘power’, often rather abstract and translated as ‘power (to choose)’, ‘right (to choose)’ but also ‘precedence’ or ‘choice’. From this usage an associated meaning of domination can be discerned, referring both to a privilege and to a territory, and reflected in translations such as ‘control’, ‘authority’, ‘reign’ and ‘dominion’. Another line of usage centres on aspects of brutality, which is reflected in translations such as ‘force’, ‘violence’ and ‘fear’. When referring to a person, these two lines of usage have been translated as ‘proxy’ and ‘rapist’ respectively.


action OIce Grg Þsþ 54
OIce Þjb 16

authority OIce Js Þfb 2, 5
OIce KRA 4, 6
OSw SdmL Conf, Kkb, Gb, Äb, Jb, Bb, Kmb, Mb, Tjdb, Rb, Till
OSw UL StfBM, Kgb

choice OSw UL Mb
control OGu GL A 6
decision OSw YVgL Gb
dominion OIce HT 2
fear ODan JyL 3
force ODan JyL 2, 3
ODan VSjL 60
OSw SdmL Kmb
OSw UL Kmb
OSw ÖgL Eb, Db

power ODan ESjL 1−3
ODan JyL Fort, 2, 3
ODan SkL 42, 81, 130, 140, 151, 153
ODan VSjL 13, 15, 20, 22, 43, 58, 82, 86, 87
OSw DL Tjdb
OSw UL Jb, Kmb, Blb
OSw VmL Jb, Bb
OSw YVgL Kkb, Rlb
OSw ÄVgL Rlb, Tb
OSw ÖgL Eb

power to choose ODan ESjL 3
ODan SkL 123

precedence OSw DL Bb
OSw SmL

proxy OSw HL Rb
rapist ODan JyL 2
reign OIce HT 1
right ODan JyL 1, 2
ODan SkL 180
OSw DL Kkb, Bb, Gb, Tjdb, Rb
OSw HL Kgb, Äb, Mb, Jb, Rb
OSw UL Kkb, Äb, Mb, Jb, Kmb, Blb, Rb
OSw VmL passim
OSw YVgL Drb, Äb, Tb, Jb, Kvab, Föb, Add
OSw ÄVgL Mb, Äb, Jb, Kva, Tb

right to choose ODan SkL 234
OSw SmL

violence ODan JyL Fort, 2, 3
OGu GL A 19, 21
OIce Þfb 5
OIce KRA 6

Expressions:

taka mæþ vald (OSw) mæth wald takæ (ODan)

Much debated expressions without any clear consensus. Most notable are the questions whether they refer to rape or abduction, if the victim’s lack of consent was a prerequisite for the crime, whether it was considered a violation of the guardian or the victim him- or herself, if completed sexual intercourse was a prerequisite, and the importance of a resultant deprivation of virginity, or if the real issue was whether the offender married the victim or not. The laws make it clear that it was a serious crime which was severely punished with high fines/compensation, or even outlawry or death. The victim was not penalized (cf. hor, lægher). Legal requirements concerning proof stipulated proper announcement (lysning), and emphasized signs of the victim’s dissent, such as calls for help (op ok akallan), torn clothes or scratch marks or bruises.

rape OSw HL Kgb, Äb YVgL Add

take away with violence ODan VSjL 56

take by force OSw HL Kgb

take by violence OSw HL Äb YVgL Urb

take forcefully ODan VSjL 25

Refs:

Carlsson 1965, 32; Dübeck 2003a, 56–58; Ekholst 2014, 190–208; KLNM s.v.v. kvinnerov, voldtægt; Ljungqvist 2005; Riisøy 2009, 45

Citation
  • ‘vald’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5648
    (10/20/2021)

valda (OSw) valde (ODan) valda (OGu) valda (ON) verb

cause OGu GL A 16
ONorw GuL Llb, Mhb
OSw UL Kkb, Blb
OSw VmL Kkb, Kgb, Bb
OSw ÄVgL Tb

choose ODan JyL 2
decide ODan JyL 3
ODan SkL 46, 219
OSw ÄVgL Rlb

dispose of ODan JyL 2
ODan SkL 29
OSw YVgL Jb

dispose over ODan SkL 29
do (i.e. commit) OGu GL Add. 8 (B 55)
force OSw VmL Bb
be guilty OSw YVgL Tb
OSw ÄVgL Tb

have a right OSw ÄVgL Jb
have command over OGu GL A 7
get power ODan JyL 1
be responsible OIce Grg Þsþ 58
retain authority over OGu GL A 7
rule OSw ÄVgL Kkb
take care of ODan SkL 58

Citation
  • ‘valda’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5649
    (10/20/2021)

valder (OSw) völlr (ON) noun

field OIce Grg Lbþ 181
OIce Llb 8, 14

ground OIce Grg Vís 86
pasture ground OSw SdmL Till

Refs:

CV s.v. völlr; ONP s.v. völlr; Schlyter s.v. valder.

Citation
  • ‘valder’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5650
    (10/20/2021)

valdeygðr (ON) adj.

wall-eyed (of a horse) ONorw GuL Mhb

Citation
  • ‘valdeygðr’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5651
    (10/20/2021)

valdföra (OSw) verb

forcefully abduct OSw SdmL Tjdb
take by force OSw UL Mb
take with violence OSw YVgL Add

Citation
  • ‘valdföra’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5652
    (10/20/2021)