magararfi (ON) noun

heir to a son ONorw FrL ArbA 7

Citation
  • ‘magararfi’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/3464
    (10/20/2021)

maghandi (OSw) magandi (OGu) moghandi (OSw) adj.

Usually appears in expressions such as koma til maghandi alder or vara a maghandi ar (OSw) ‘be/become of age’ (for example DL Bb, SdmL Jb). The expression for this varied, as did the age.


adult OSw SdmL Tjdb
OSw UL Kkb, Kgb, Mb
OSw VmL Mb
OSw YVgL Kkb, Frb, Rlb, Add
OSw ÄVgL Slb

of age OGu GL A 20
OSw UL Jb
OSw VmL Kkb, Äb, Jb

of full age OSw YVgL Tb
OSw ÄVgL Tb
OSw ÖgL Db

grown OGu GL A 20
mature OSw SdmL Jb

Citation
  • ‘maghandi’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/3465
    (10/20/2021)

maghararf (OSw) noun

son’s inheritance OSw HL Äb
OSw UL Äb

Citation
  • ‘maghararf’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/3466
    (10/20/2021)

magher (OSw) magh (ODan) magr (OGu) mágr (ON) noun

These refer to a male person related by marriage.

The usual meaning in Medieval Nordic legal texts is ‘son-in-law’, attested in ODan ESjL, but also other meanings (some of them more comprehensive) occur: ‘brother-in-law’ (OSw DL; OIce Jó), ‘kinsman’ (ODan ESjL), ‘kinsman by marriage’ (ONorw GuL), and ‘relative’ (OGu GL).

The plurality of the meanings of this term in the medieval Nordic languages can be compared to the similar ambiguity of the kinship terms gener (‘male in-law’) and nepos (i.a. ‘grandchild’, ‘nephew’, ‘niece’) in medieval Latin.


brother-in-law OIce Kab 2
OSw DL Mb

in-law OGu GL A 63, Add. 6 (B 33)
kinsman ODan ESjL 2
kinsman by marriage ONorw GuL Sab
relative OGu GL A 24
son-in-law ODan ESjL 1
OGu GS Ch. 3

Refs:

Bjorvand 2007, 772; KLNM s.v. ætt; Latham and Howlett s.v.v. gener, nepos; Niermeyer and van de Kieft s.v.v. gener, nepos

Citation
  • ‘magher’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/3467
    (10/20/2021)

magnúsmessa (ON) noun

Feast of St Magnus ONorw EidsL 9.2
ONorw FrL KrbA 25

St Magnus’s Day OIce Grg Klþ 13

Citation
  • ‘magnúsmessa’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/3468
    (10/20/2021)

mak (OGu) noun

benefit OGu GL A 28
convenience OGu GL A 3

Citation
  • ‘mak’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/3469
    (10/20/2021)

makeskifte (ODan) noun

exchange of land ODan JyL 1
exchange of real property ODan JyL 1

Citation
  • ‘makeskifte’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/3470
    (10/20/2021)

makt (OSw) noun

power OSw SdmL Till

Citation
  • ‘makt’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/3471
    (10/20/2021)

mal (1) (OSw) mal (ODan) mal (OGu) mál (ON) noun

Etymologically ‘congregation’, specifically a legal one, and hence the speaking at this (‘language’, ‘speech’, ‘tale’, ‘talk’), the matters dealt with (‘case’, ‘dispute’, ‘matter’, ‘procedure’, ‘(law)suit’, ‘crime’, ‘offence’) and the agreements made (‘contract’, ‘lease’).


affair OIce Grg Þsþ 23, 35
agreement OIce Grg Ómb 135
appeal OSw DL Rb
arrangement OIce Grg Þsþ 78
OIce Js Kvg 5

article of law OIce Grg Hrs 235 Tíg 263
bargain ONorw GuL Kpb
business OIce Grg Þsþ 81
case ODan ESjL 2, 3
ODan JyL 2, 3
ODan SkKL 7
ODan SkL 83, 87, 101, 108, 112, 145, 146, 150, 217
ODan VSjL 15, 50, 86, 87
OGu GL A 2, 21, 28, 31, 37, Add. 1 (B 4)
OIce Grg Lrþ 117
OIce Þfb 9
OIce Js Þfb 3 passim
OIce KRA 7
ONorw BorgL 17.5
ONorw FrL Intr 16 Tfb 2 KrbA 1, 29 KrbB 2 Mhb 4 passim
ONorw GuL Krb, Kpb, Løb, Mhb, Llb, Tfb, Leb, Arb
OSw DL Eb, Rb
OSw HL Kkb, Kgb, Äb, Mb, Jb, Blb, Rb
OSw SdmL Conf, Kkb, Kgb, Jb, Bb, Mb, Rb, Till
OSw UL Kkb, Kgb, Äb, Mb, Jb, Blb, Rb. Add. 16
OSw VmL Kkb, Kgb, Äb, Mb, Jb, Bb, Rb
OSw YVgL passim
OSw ÄVgL Md, Smb, Äb, Gb, Jb, Föb
OSw ÖgL Kkb, Eb, Db

cause OSw VmL Bb
charge (1) OGu GL A 2
OSw UL Mb

contract OIce Grg Arþ 127
crime OGu GL A 2
OSw DL Eb
OSw UL Rb

dispute OSw DL Rb
language OGu GS Ch. 1
lawsuit OIce Þfb 4
lease OSw DL Bb
matter OGu GL A 20a
OIce Grg Þsþ 58
OIce MagBref
OIce KRA 16
ONorw BorgL 17
OSw UL StfBM, Kkb, Äb, Mb, Jb, Kmb, Blb
OSw VmL Kkb, Jb, Kmb, Rb

offence OSw UL Kkb
OSw YVgL Urb
OSw ÖgL Kkb, Eb, Db

procedure ONorw FrL Intr 7
reason OSw DL Rb
section of the law OIce Grg Lbþ 220
situation OIce Kge 31 Þjb 15
speech OSw ÄVgL Smb
suit OSw UL Mb
tale OSw UL Mb
talk OGu GL A 19
OIce Grg Lsþ 116

wages ODan JyL 3
Expressions:

koma lykt viþer mal (OSw)

conclude a case OSw UL Rb VmL Rb

mat ællær mal (OSw)

food and rent OSw HL Blb

Refs:

Hellquist s.v. mål 2; ONP s.v. mál; Schlyter s.v. mal

Citation
  • ‘mal (1)’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/3472
    (10/20/2021)

mal (2) (OSw) mal (ODan) mal (OGu) noun

measurement OSw UL Blb
measuring ODan VSjL 71
time (point) OGu GL A 14

Citation
  • ‘mal (2)’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/3473
    (10/20/2021)

málaefni (ON) málefni (ON) noun

circumstances of a case OIce Llb 26
substance of a case OIce Grg Þsþ 47

Citation
  • ‘málaefni’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/3474
    (10/20/2021)

málajörð (ON) noun

The máli (ON, ‘contract’) was a term for mortgage contract, which meant conveyance of property by debtor to creditor as security for debt, with the provision that the seller might redeem the property when he wanted, if he gave notice of this half a year in advance. In ONorw málajörð was a term for mortgaged land. In OIce (Grg, Js, Jó) málajörð (málaland) implied a right to purchase land when resold with no sense of credit or debt.


land given in mortgage ONorw GuL Llb, Olb
land subject to pre-emption right OIce Lbb 10
OIce Js Lbb 17

Refs:

Helle 2001, 118; Hertzberg s.v.v. málajörð, máli; KLNM s.v.v. jordleige, pant; Robberstad 1981, 385–89

Citation
  • ‘málajörð’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/3475
    (10/20/2021)

malakarl (OSw) noun

hireling OSw UL Kkb

Citation
  • ‘malakarl’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/3476
    (10/20/2021)

málakona (ON) noun

A married woman who retained legal ownership of her own property. When married a málakona and her husband stipulated an agreement (ON máli) concerning which property was to remain hers. This type of property ownership during marriage was an alternative to the more common practice of joint-ownership between spouses (ON félag).


wife OIce Kge 13
Refs:

CV s.v. máli; Fritzner; Guðrún Ása Grímsdóttir 2015; KLNM s.v. festermål; Páll Vídalin 1854 s.v. prioritas dotis

Citation
  • ‘málakona’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/3477
    (10/20/2021)

málaland (ON) noun

Land upon which a right of preemption (ON máli) had been placed. The holder of this right had the opportunity to match the offer of the highest bidder or purchase the land at a pre-arranged price when it was put up for sale again.


land subject to pre-emption right OIce Grg Lbþ 192, 196
OIce Lbb 11
OIce Js Lbb 7, 8

Refs:

CV s.v. máli; Fritzner; GrgTr II:392; Hertzberg

Citation
  • ‘málaland’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/3478
    (10/20/2021)

málalandsbrigð (ON) noun

land claim where there is a right of pre-emption OIce Lbb 11

Citation
  • ‘málalandsbrigð’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/3479
    (10/20/2021)

málalauss (ON) adj.

free of pre-emption right OIce Grg Lbþ 193
OIce Lbb 10
OIce Js Lbb 7

Citation
  • ‘málalauss’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/3480
    (10/20/2021)

málamaðr (ON) noun

owner of a pre-emption right OIce Grg Lbþ 192

Citation
  • ‘málamaðr’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/3481
    (10/20/2021)

málamundi (ON) noun

agreement OIce Grg Þsþ 78

Citation
  • ‘málamundi’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/3482
    (10/20/2021)

malaruf (OSw) noun

breach of agreement OSw YVgL Föb

Citation
  • ‘malaruf’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/3483
    (10/20/2021)