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Benefice of BACKWELL

(BW.BA.RC.24) variants

This figure is the total assessed value of the benefice. Note that for a cathedral church a zero figure is given because its assessed value is derived from a number of holdings which are listed elsewhere in the taxatio text.

     Assessment for tax:
£ 10. 0s. 0d.

This section gives the modern name of the benefice together with the church dedication and the Ordnance Survey grid reference of the church (click the grid reference to locate the church building on Google Maps). Constituent parts of the benefice, such as vicarage, or any dependent chapels, pensions, portions and prebends, with their values, are also listed here.

     Benefice details:
BACKWELL
ST493683 ded: ST ANDREW     
FIRST PORTION, PERHAPS OF RECTOR (portion)
SECOND PORTION, PERHAPS APPROPRIATED TO ST JOHN REDCLIFF, BRISTOL, HOSPITAL (portion)

This section shows the patronage status of the benefice in 1291-2, the date of the taxatio, as much as can be found in contemporary or near-contemporary sources. The line includes the type of patronage: ecclesiastical, monastic or secular; the name of the patron; and for monastic patrons, the order of their religious house. If the patronage is ecclesiastical or monastic, then it may be an appropriated church. This is shown by the "If Appropriated" line below.

     Patronage:
secular, Ismania la Soor 1     

This section displays the Latin text of the new edition of the taxatio based on the best sources available. Each line lists a taxable item and its assessed value in pounds, shillings and pence. Immediately below this figure is its equivalent value in medieval marks (NB.1mark=13s4d.) Click on the source button at the end of the item to see the full source reference for it.

     Full entry:
Ecclesia de Bacwell'     
£ 10. 0s. 0d.
15m.

The Notes provide supplementary information relating to the benefice or to other data given in the display. Click on the source button at the end of the line to see the full reference(s) for the information. If the note contains a reference abbreviation that is not expanded in the source button, then it should be possible to use the abbreviation to find the full reference in the References Menu (forthcoming). If the note mentions a benefice by benkey rather than by name, the name can be found via the benkey search option, top-right on the screen.

     Notes:
1 This church was divided into two portions. One of these portions was in secular patronage: for a presentation to the rector of this portion in 1266 by Ela la Sore see RegWGiff 11. The other portion was in the patronage of St John's hospital, Bristol. It seems very unlikely that the value of 10l.0s.0d. includes this second portion, but the situation before the formal appropriation to the hospital and the establishment of a vicarage of this second portion in 1306 (CalWells1 160) is not clear. It is possible that at the time of the taxatio the second portion was already appropriated to the hospital and as such would have been exempt from taxation.     

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