The Life of JOHN STOW. xj

The Life of JOHN STOW.

Care of the Press, who knew not what Woze or Ooze meant, namely, a marish wet Land; which is, perhaps, that Wappin now call'd Wappin Wall. But because Wappin does not stand in the West of London, but contrary, in the East, therefore in the Third Edition, it was printed Wappin in the East; and so remained in the Fourth. In both which A.M. was concerned; by which we may judge of his Abilities to correct Stow. And in all the Editions, except the First, Wappin it self, which was the other Part of Wappin, was quite left out. So that this was one Error in the After-Editions of the Survey, that Wappin in the Wose, and Wappin it self, was turned into Wappin in the West; and that turned into the East.

Now this Year 1720, this Book is arrived to a Fifth Edition, enlarged by some Scores of Sheets, set forth by J. S. also a Citizen born and bred, (as the former Editors were) and the Son of a Freeman of London, and dedicated to the Lord Maior, Aldermen, and Citizens of London. Which Dedication they may claim by long and laudable Custom; and also by their favourable Leave to consult their Records. In this Edition, great Numbers of Errors are corrected, and Stow restored to himself; the Remains are inserted every where in their proper Places; the History of the City, brought down to the present Time; and the Customs, Laws, and Acts of Common Council (wherein the former Book was most of all defective) make a considerable Part of the present Work. But these things are more largely told in the Preface.

A Fifth Edition, Anno 1720.

In both Books, viz. his Chronicle and Survey, Stow had the Advantage of making use of Leland's Six Volumes of Collections, where-ever he had them; which he transcribed, as it seems, for his own Use; and parted with them at length to the Learned Camden, who is said also to make great Use of them in writing his Britannia. And for these Papers of Leland he had by Agreement an Annuity of 8l. during the said Stow's Life. This we take upon the Credit of Brooks, or Brooksmouth, York Herald, in some Writings of his against Camden, intending thereby to charge him to have been a Plagiary. But to relate this Matter more particularly.

Stow had Leland's Collections.

This Ralph Brooksmouth, as he had wrote a very virulent Book against Camden, entitled, A Discovery of Errors, &c. endeavouring therein to charge his Britannia with many Errors, especially in Matters of Genealogy and Heraldry; and that since Queen Elizabeth had made him Clarentieux: So Camden modestly, but learnedly, answered that angry Man, and vindicated what he had writ; and set his Answer at the End of an Edition of his Britannia, Anno 1600. This Herald wrote yet another Piece against Clarencieux, pretending to a Second Discovery of Errors in his Britannia, and in Justification of what he had published before; and that he had stolen from Leland: Therein he hath these Words, (the very MS. was very obligingly shewn me by John Anstis, Esq; Garter King at Arms.) viz.

"His new coated Britannia, made and digested of industrious Labours of John Leyland, that great Scholar, and painful Searcher of England's Antiquities, - as may appear both by the said Leyland's Six Volumes, written with his own Hand, yet extant in Custody of Mr. Osborne of the Exchequer; as also by the said Leylands New- Year's Gift, dedicated to the same King, annexed to the End of my late Discovery: Which Six Books or Volumes were copied out by John Stow, and by him sold to this Learned Man [Camden] for an Annuity of Eight Pounds per Annum; which he did pay unto the said Stowe, during his Life; as the said John Stowe himself, before his Death, confessed to divers Persons of Credit; lamenting the Wrong done to Leyland, both by that Learned Man; and also by one Harrison of Wyndesore, who likewise had robbed Leyland of the Islands adjacent to this Realm of England; setting them in Hollingshed, as his own Travels and Collection, &c." These Lines, reflecting unworthily upon Stow, as well as Camden, are easily answered; since both do freely acknowledge where they have made use of Leyland, by setting his Name in their Margins.

MSS. J. Anstis, Garter.

Stow had an Annuity of 8l. of Camden.

And our Author, as he had a Genius towards our History, so he had an Advantage over many after him, in writing his History and Survey; and that was, by living in those Times when the Monasteries were dissolved. In which Places were reposited most of the ancient MSS. as well relating to those Religious Foundations, as containing also Historical Accounts of the Kingdom, and Kings thereof, written by the Monks, and learned Persons, Members of those Fraternities. By which means he might probably come to the Sight of those Registers, Records, and Chronicles, which he so often cites.

His Opportunity of perusing ancient Writings.

And as Mr. Stow thus published, for the Benefit and Pleasure of his Countrymen, his own Pains in History; so likewise, as a hearty Promoter of the Antiquities of this Land, he gave all the Encouragement and Assistance that he could to others that bestowed Labour that way. Dr. David Powel, a learned Welshman, had communicated to him by Sir Henry Sidney, some time President of Wales, an ancient MS. of the History and Antiquity of Wales; being a Collection of the Successions and Acts of the British Princes after Cadwallador, unto the Year 1156. done by Caradoc of Lancarvan. These Collections were kept in an Abby of Conwey in Wales, and another Abby; and were continued and augmented every three Years until the Year 1270. These were copied out, so that there were an hundred Copies of them. This Book Humphrey Lloyd, Gentleman, translated into English, and partly augmented out of Matthew Paris, and Nicolas Trivet. The Copy of the Translation Sir Henry Sidney (whole Disposition was to seek

Assists Dr. Powel in publishing the History of Cambria, Anno 1584.