St. Martin's in the Fields. The Strand.75

St. Martin's in the Fields. The Strand.

Then passing by Russel-street, is the Playhouse Yard, or Passage into the House; next Vinegar Yard, indifferent broad, but ordinarily built and inhabited: It falleth into Little Bridges-street, and that into Great Bridges-street, in Covent Garden Parish. Out of Vinegar Yard is an open Freestone Passage into Russel Court; and almost against the said Passage are two ordinary and small Courts, the one called Fossell's Court, and the other Guye's Court. Russel Court, a very handsome large Place, with good Buildings well inhabited; hath a Freestone Passage into Bridges-street, and another Passage against Mr. Burgess's Meeting-house, into White Hart Yard, through Red Lion Alley, which is but ordinary; and on the East Side of the said Meeting-house is Megg's Alley, which, with a turning Passage also falleth into Bridges-street, a Place of no great Account for Buildings or Inhabitants. Nelson's Court, almost overagainst Blackamore street, a Court of no great Account, being long and narrow. White Hart Yard comes out of Drury-lane, and falls into Bridges-street against Exeter-street, a Place of some Trade, especially for Upholsters for second hand Goods, and some new. The South Side of this Street is in the Savoy Parish, as far as Eagle Court, where the Girt Line of this Parish crosseth into the said Court; and thence falls into Little Katherine-street, or rather Alley; being but narrow, with a Freestone Pavement, and cannot much boast of its Houses or Inhabitants. On the North Side of this White Hart Yard is Pump Court, but indifferent; as also Red Lion Alley, already mention'd.

Play-house Yard.

Vinegar Yard.

Fossell's Court.

Russell Court.

Red Lion Alley.

Megg's Alley.

Nelson's Court.

White Hart Yard.

Little Katherine-street.

Pump Court.

Exeter-street, a good Street, with handsome built Houses, well inhabited; especially the North Side, which is in Covent Garden Parish. It cometh out of Katherine-street, and runneth up as far as the Back Wall of Bedford Yard, or Garden: And out of this Place there is a Passage into the Strand through Denmark Court, a very handsome, well built, and inhabited Place; which beginneth at the End of Exeter-street, and runneth to Bedford Back Wall, and also turneth down into the Strand: And in that Part of the Court it hath but one Row of Houses on the West Side, which hath a Prospect into a handsome Garden, belonging to Mr. Philips, a Distiller in the Strand, noted for his excellent Waters.


Denmark Court.

Burleigh-street butts against Exeter-street, and falls into the Strand against the Savoy; an indifferent good Street, the West Side of which is only in this Parish; and on this Side is Bull-head Court, which is but small and ordinary.


Bull-head Court.

I shall next walk into the Strand, and view the Alleys and Courts therein: And first begin with those on the North Side, and next pass to Burleigh-street, as far as St. Martin's Lane; then to those on the South Side, beginning at Salisbury Buildings. And according to this Method, the first is,

The Strand.

Marygold Alley, a pretty large Place, but indifferent as to Buildings and Inhabitants. It hath a Passage up Steps into another Place of an ordinary Building, also so called; and thence it hath a Passage into Bennet's Court, which hath but a narrow Entry into the Strand; but after a little Way up Steps it hath pretty good Buildings. Denmark Court already spoken of. Curle Court hath a pretty good Row of Building on the East Side, which hath the Prospect of Bedford House and Yard, and at the upper End is a good House, much better than the rest. Then beyond Bedford House, unto Half-Moon-street, are these Places; Oliver's Alley, which is but small and ordinary; Lumley Court, indifferent good; Globe Alley, but ordinary Buildings; Bull Inn Court, a good large Place, better built then inhabited, hath a Passage with a Freestone Pavement into Maiden Lane. Blue Ball Court, of no great Account. Baylies Alley, very narrow, with a Passage into Maiden Lane. Heathcock Court hath pretty handsome Buildings. The Thatch'd Alley, but narrow, and not over good, hath a Passage into Maiden lane. Exchange Court hath indifferent good Buildings, with a Free-stone Pavement.

Marygold Alley.

Bennet's Court.

Curle Court.

Oliver's Alley.

Lumley Court.

Globe Alley.

Bull Inn Court.

Blue Ball Court

Baylies Alley.

Heathcock Court.

Thatch'd Alley.

Exchange Court.

Half Moon Street, against the New Exchange, runneth up into Bedford-Street in Covent Garden; and here the Passage is but narrow, and very troublesome for Coaches to pass. All this Street, except some few Houses near Shandois-street and Maiden Lane, is in this Parish; and the Street is well inhabited by Tradesmen, except in the narrow Passage next the Strand. Then beyond this Street, unto St. Martin's Lane, are these Places: Harvey Court, a pretty handsome open Place, with good Buildings. Long Court or Alley, hath a narrow Passage through Entries into Shandois-street. Round Court, after a narrow Passage through an Entry out of the Strand, openeth into a pretty square Court; and from that into another Place, which leadeth into another Entry, and so into Shandois-street. This Place is of considerable Note, and much resorted unto, as being inhabited by Silk-men, Mercers, and Lace-men, who drive a considerable Trade, occasioned from the Opinion that the Females have, that they there buy better Pennyworths than elsewhere. Out of this Court there is lately made a Passage into New Round Court, designed for Shop-keepers as the other; but whether it will take, Time must shew: This Court is more open, and the Buildings far better than the other, and hath a better Passage into it out of the Strand, and therefore the more Prabability of its taking. Robin Hood Court, very ordinary, and ill built. Church Lane, very ordinary, which runneth up into Thackham's Court, a pretty handsome square Place, with a Freestone Pavement; which Court hath two Passages into a Street called, The Backside of Round Court, which falleth into Shandois-street, near St. Martin's Lane. This Place hath a Passage into Moors Yard, which leadeth into St Martin's Lane; also another Passage into New Round Court, and another turning Passage to St. Martin's Church, all but indifferently built or inhabited. Hewit's Court, a pretty good Court, with a Freestone Pavement into Church Lane. St. Martin's Court, a new built Court, with good Houses, and a Freestone Pavement, into Church Lane, near the Church. King's Head Inn, and Star Inn, both Places well resorted unto. Then a little beyond St. Martin's Lane, is the Checker Inn and Court, already spoken of; and almost against the Statue of the King on Horseback in Charing-Cross, is a pretty Court called Woodstock Court.

Half Moon Street.

Harvey Court.

Long Court.

Round Court.

New Round Court.

Robin Hood Court.

Church Lane.

Thackham's Court.

Hewit's Court.

King's Head Inn.

Star Inn.

Woodstock Court.

Thus having spoken of the North Side of the Strand, next the South Side is to be perambulated, beginning at Salisbury Buildings. And then the first is called Cecil-street, built on the Ground where Great Salisbury House stood; a very handsome new built Street, which leadeth down to the Thames, the East Side being in St. Clement's Parish. Salisbury-street, better built than inhabited, by Reason of its Narrowness, and steep Descent towards the Water Side, where there is a Pair of Stairs to take Water at. Ivy Bridge, now very bad, and scarce fit for Use, by Reason of the Unpassableness of the Way. It hath an Inlet into Durham Yard. Durham Yard, anciently Duresme House, as being the Residence of the Bishops of Durham.



Ivy Bridge.

Durham Yard.

In the Place where certain old Stables stood, belonging to this House is the New Exchange being furnished with Shops on both Sides the Walks, both below and above Stairs, for Milleners, Sempstresses, and other Trades that furnish Dresses; and is a Place of great Resort and Trade for the

New Exchange.