St. Martin's in the Fields. The Bounds.67

St. Martin's in the Fields. The Bounds.
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A Mapp of the Parish of St. Martins in the Fields.
  A Mapp of the Parish of St. Martins in the Fields. ]

the Time of Parliament, and hath very good Houses round about, except that Part taken up by King Henry the Seventh his Chapel: Here is a Passage, by the East End of the said Chapel, into St. Margaret's Church Yard; which serveth at such Times, when the Abbey is shut up.

For the adjacent or Out-Parts of this Parish.

The Neat Houses are a Parcel of Houses, most seated on the Banks of the River Thames, and inhabited by Gardiners; for which it is of Note, for the supplying London and Westminster Markets with Asparagus, Artichoaks, Cauliflowers, Musmelons, and the like useful Things that the Earth produceth; which by Reason of their keeping the Ground so rich by dunging it, (and through the Nearness to London, they have the Soil cheap) doth make their Crops very forward, to their great Profit in coming to such good Markets.

Neat Houses.

Knightsbridge, so called from the Bridge, seated on the high Western Road; a Place of no great Account for Inns or publick Houses: Neither can it boast of any good Houses for the Habitation of Gentry, having not above one or two which are anything good: One a pretty good Box, seated as it were within the Bounds of the Hide Park. The Chapel is now lately new built, made larger, and very commodious for Pews and Galleries. But the Part of Knightsbridge beyond the Bridge Westward, (which is the greatest) is in St. Martin's Parish.


St. MARTIN's in the Fields.


Although such large Portions of the Parish of St. Martin's in the Fields have been, by Acts of Parliament, taken away from it, and proportioned out into three distinct Parishes; as, St. Paul Covent Garden long since, St. James and St. Anne's more lately; yet it remaineth a very great Parish, and too populous for one Church to receive the Inhabitans.

To give the Bounds, or Girt Line, of this Parish, I shall begin at Cecill-street, being a new Street, now a building, where Great Salisbury House stood; taking in the West Side; (the other Side being in St. Clement's Parish) so down to the Thames Side, and all along the River Side to Whitehall Privy-Garden; taking in all Whitehall, (which, although in this Parish, as is the Palace of St. James, yet, as I am informed, is exempt from Parochial Duties, as being one of itself) and so crossing into St. James's Park, runs along by the Side of the Canal to Rosamond's Pond, and thence crosseth St. James's-street against Tart Hall, being the Seat of the Right Honourable the Earl of Stafford, which it passeth through, as also the Garden, one Part of which being in this Parish, and the other in that of St. Margaret's, Westminster; and on the Garden Wall, at the Processioning, there is a Boy whipt, (a Custom used to remember the Parish Bounds) for which he hath some small Matter, as about 2d. given him: The like Custom is observed at or by Tiburn Gallows. Then from Tart-Hall it runs along the Road to Bloody Bridge near Chelsea College: And from thence crosseth the Fields unto Knightsbridge, by the East Side of the Bridge: And from thence cross Hide Park unto Tiburn Road to the Gallows: And from the Gallows it runs Eastward towards St. Giles's: And at the Lane leading to Marybone, it crosseth over the Fields unto the New Chapel at the upper End of Albemarle Buildings, and so down into Pickadilly, on the Backside of Bond-street: And from thence down to St. James's-street, taking in the West Side: And then crossing by St. James's House, at the Yard called the Priory Yard, unto the Garden Wall in St. James's Park, or Garden. By which it runs along to the Stonecutter's Yard: And thence down Warwick-street, taking in both Sides, and at the End, over-against Suffolk street, it crosseth the Street, and runneth up the Hay-market, and so turns by Coventry-street: And at the Corner by the Watch-house, runs down Whitcomb-street, and at Panten-street End runs into Leicester-fields; and crossing the Sqaure, taking in the South and East Sides, runs through Bear-street, thence through Castle-street, and into Newport street, taking in the South Side; and at St. Martin's-lane against Long-Acre, it runs Northwards into another Street called Castle-street, which lyeth on the Backside of Long Acre, which it runs down, taking in the South Side, the North Side being in the Parish of St. Giles's in the Fields; and over against Dirty-lane or Charles-street, by the Backside of the Red Lyon Inn in Brownlow-street, it crosseth the Houses into Drury-lane, where the Parish Stone Mark is set up. From thence it runs Southward all along Drury-lane, as far as White Hart Yard, which is over against Blackamore-street; and thence down the same into Eagle Court, as far as Little Bridges-street; which it passeth through, taking in the North Side, and falls into Great Bridges-street; which it crosseth, and runs down Exeter-street, taking in the South Row of Houses, the North being in Covent Garden Parish. And thence down by the West Side of Burleigh-street, into the Strand, as far as Bedford House, where it crosseth the Strand unto the New-street where I began. Also as it takes in all the West Side of Burleigh-street, so it passeth Exeter-street, and beyond Denmark Court, up to Bedford back Wall, and so over the Houses down into the Strand on the West Side of Curle Court, which is in this Parish.

Its Bounds.


And whereas Covent Garden Parish lyeth within this Parish, therefore it will be necessary to give its inward Bounds. I shall begin on the West Side of the the Duke of Bedford's House next the Strand, where it crosseth into Maiden-lane, and runneth on the Backside of the Houses into Halfmoon-street, taking in both Sides of this Lane: And from the Halfmoon-street it also runneth on the Backside of Shandois-street, on the South Side unto the Tallow-chandler's, which is a little beyond Round Court, where it crosseth the Street, as also the Houses betwixt Bedford Bury and Bedford Court, and so into New-street, which it crosseth, and runs down the Backside of White Rose-street, next to James's-street, and falleth into Red-Rose-street, where it crosseth the Houses, and falleth into Hart-street, on the Backside of the Buildings next Long-Acre, taking in Part of James's-street, by the Nagg's Head Inn; and so along the Backside of Hart-street, unto the Corner of Bow-street: And there it crosseth into Red Lion Court, taking in all the Houses except two or three next Bow-street; and so along the Backside of Bow-street into Russel-street, two Doors from the Rose Tavern; and thence crosseth the Houses on the East Side of Bridges-street, and falls into the West End of White Hart Yard, where it crosseth into Exeter-street, and runneth along unto Bedford back Wall, taking in the South Side as aforesaid; and at the Wall runs down the West Side of Curle Court into the Strand, and so to the Duke of Bedford's House, where I began the inward Bounds. All which inward and outward Bounds, do appear by the prick'd Lines in the Map, which is the Girt Line of the Parish; except that Part on the West of St. James's-street, and Albemarle Buildings, and so towards Hide Park; which being separate from the West Part of the Parish, by that of St. James's, will be engraven to that Map. But I shall give the Description thereof in this; for the Scale of this Map is so small, that should that Part be joined

Its inward Bounds, severing it from Covent Garden Parish.