The City of WESTMINSTER.64


nefit, by Reason of the Enjoyment of such good Walks.

At the South End of this Street is seated a large House, made Use of for the Admiralty Office, until it was thence removed to Wallingford House against White-hall, as more convenient, and built at King William's Charge. This House was first built for the late Lord Jeffreys, Lord Chancellor to King James the Seond, and for his Accommodation the said King permitted a fair Pair of Freestone Stairs to be made into the Park. Then passing by this House on the same Side, beginneth a short Street called De la Hay Street, which falleth into Long Ditch, so called from the Ditch which almost encompassed this Part of Westminster, now all dryed up, and converted into Streets and Houses; a Place of no great Account for Houses or Inhabitants.

The Admiralty Office.

De la Hay Street.

Long Ditch.

In this Street are these Courts and Alleys; Prince's Court, ascended to by Stone Steps, a very handsome open Place, with a Freestone Pavement, and having well built and inhabited Houses, especially on that Side that fronteth St. James's Park. For the Security of the Inhabitants, there is a Gate with Iron Bars to shut up a Nights. Angel Court, a very handsome new built Place, with a Passage into Round Court, and thence into Thieving Lane. Maiden lane, somewhat large, but not well built; at the upper End is a Passage up Freestone Steps into a pretty handsome Place, with good Buildings, called Park Prospect, as having a Prospect on the Park, and hath its Passage into it out of Dartmouth Street. White's Alley, a long but inconsiderable Place. Golden Lion Court, also very ordinary. Ogilbye's Alley, and Red Cross Alley, both very small Places.

Prince's Court.

Angel Court.

Maiden Lane.

Park Prospect.

White's Alley.

Golden Lion Court.

Ogilby's Alley.

Red Cross Alley.

The Broad Sanctuary, formerly of more Note than at present, when it enjoyed the Privilege of a Sanctuary. It is a very handsome broad and open Place, adjoining to St. Margaret's Church-yard, from whence it is severed by a Wall, and hath the Prospect of the Abbey: At the West End is a Place called Love Lane, being against the old Gate-house. About the Middle of this Place is a handsome Court called Green's Alley, which hath a Passage into Thieving Lane; and more Eastwards is the Little Sanctuary which cometh into King-street, near St. Margaret's Church, an indifferently large Place, with well built Houses: Then is St. Margaret's Church, a very decent large Church, being the Parish-Church for the Use of the Inhabitants.

Broad Sanctuary.

Love Lane.

Green's Alley.

The Church.

The Gatehouse, West of St. Peter's, which gives Entrance into Tuthil-street, is a Place so called, of two Gates; the one out of the College Court, or Great Dean's Yard: On the East Side whereof was the Bishop of London's Prison for Clerks Convict; and the other Gate adjoining to the first, but towards the West of the Prsion, for Offenders, thither committed for the Liberty or City of Westminster; which said Prison was of late Years removed to King-street by the new Palace Yard.


On the South Side of this Gatehouse K. Henry the Seventh founded an Almes House for 13 poor aged Men that were single, and one of them to be a Priest, and a good Grammarian; and this Priest was to receive of the Prior or Abbot, every Sunday, 4d. a Day for himself, and 2d. ob. by the Day for every one of the 12 Men, for their Maintenance for ever; likewise every one to have yearly a Gown and a Hood: Besides, there was allowed to the 13 Men 80 Quarters of Coals, and 1000 Faggots for their Fewel: To these 13 Men, there were 3 Women allowed to dress their Meat, and to attend them, and each to have every Saturday, 16d. besides a Gown every Year; and in the Hall and Kitchin, there was appointed a discreet Monk to be their Overseer, for which he was to have 40s. a Year. These Almes Houses are now called the King's Alms Houses, and are for 12 Men and their Wives, each Man and his Wife having the Allowance of 6l. 6s. 8d. per Ann. besides Coals, &c. These Alms Houses are now very much decayed, and out of Repair.

K. Henry the Seventh's Alms Houses.

Near unto this House Westward, was an old Chapel of St. Ann, overagainst which the Lady Margaret, Mother to K. Henry the Seventh, built an Alms House for poor Women. Which was afterwards converted into Lodgings for the Singing Men of the College, now called the Choiristers Rents; which are so ruinous, that they are not inhabited. This Place wherein this Chapel and Alms House stood, was called the Eleemosynary, now called the great Almnery. For that the Alms of the Abbey were there given to the Poor. And here Islip, the Abbot of Westminster, in the Year 1471, set up the first Printing-Press that ever was in England; and after that, the like was done in the Abbeys of St. Augustine at Canterbury, also at St. Albans, and other Monasteries. This is a handsome open Place, with good Buildings, and hath a Passage into the New Way which leadeth into Orchard-street, another into the little Almnery, which is an indifferent good Court, and another into Tuthil-street, through a small Alley called the Paved Alley.

St. Ann's Chapel.

Lady Margaret's Alms House.

The great Almnery.

First Printing Press.

The New Way.

Paved Alley.

Great Dean's Yard, a fine open Square, enclosed with Rails and Elm-Trees; the East Side is taken up with the Dean's House, the School, and other Buildings; and the South and West Sides also with good Buildings: On the East Side is Little Dean's Yard, which hath a Passage into the Cloysters that belongs to the Abbey, a very handsome open Place, with good Buildings, inhabited by Gentry and Persons of Quality. And on the North Side is a Place called the Stable Yards, at the Entrance into which are good Houses, but that Part leading to Orchard-street, is taken for Stabling and Coach-houses, but near the Entrance is a new built Court called College Court, with very handsome gentile Houses, with a Freestone Pavement, which hath a Thorough-fare Passage; and Westward this Dean's-Yard openeth itself into the Bowling Alley by the dead Wall, now called Dean's-street.

Great Dean's Yard.

Little Dean's Yard.

Stable Yards.

College Court.

Tuthil street hath good Buildings, and is well inhabited by Shopkeepers and others. In this Street are these Alleys and Places of Name; Walker's Yard, a very ordinary Place. Swan Inn, indifferent good. Frying-pan Alley, a small narrow Place. Fleece Yard, a good handsome Inn. Three Tun Alley, a little small Passage into the great Almnery. Cock Inn, or Yard, a Place for Stabling.


Walker's Yard.

Swan Inn.

Frying-pan Alley.

Fleece Yard.

Three Tun Alley.

Cock Inn.

Dartmouth-street, a very handsome open Street, graced with good Buildings, fit for the Reception of Gentry; the upper End of it butts against St. John's-street, being a Row of new built Houses; the other Side as yet lying without any Cellars digged, and Foundations laid, except towards the End that falls into Tuthil-street.


More Westward in Tuthil-street is Park-street, the upper End of which is a handsome open Square, with very good Houses, well inhabited, especially that Side that fronts St. James's Park, having a delightful Prospect therein, with the Conveniency of Doors out of their Gardens into the same; and here is a very fine Cock-Pit, called the King's Cock-Pit, well resorted unto. George and Plough Yard, an ordinary built Place. Pipe Alley, a narrow Place, with ordinary Buildings. White Hart Yard, a good handsome Court. Nigh unto which is White Hart Lane, an ordinary Place. Green Dragon Court, but mean and narrow. Twiford Alley, very ordinary.


The Cock-Pit.

George and Plough Yard.

Pipe Alley.

White Hart Yard.

White Hart Lane.

Green Dragon Court.

Twiford Alley.