[Foreign Posts.] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [Inland Posts.]401

[Foreign Posts.] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [Inland Posts.]

they were in Possession thereof from the Year 1514. And in that Right in the Year 1568, they with some Flemings appointed one Godfrey Marshal their Postmaster, who was born about Valentia in Spain, and was a Broker to the Foreign Merchants. In this Election, the Spanish Ambassador had a great Influence. Who sent for the chief Merchants of the Low Countries, and likewise for the Italians, and made them promise, that they would do nothing concerning the said Choice, but by his Will and Consent. Which they did, lest they who traded into his Master's Country, or were his Subjects, might incur his Displeasure in that troublesome time, and so be ruined. Notwithstanding another Foreigner laboured for that Place, and was chosen by the Flemish Merchants, whose Name was Raphael Vanden Putte; and it seems had got himself confirmed by the English Postmaster General.

Hereupon a Contest arose, who in truth had a Right to nominate and appoint the Foreign Post for London. And it was thought very inconvenient that Strangers should appoint a Foreigner for the bringing in and carrying out of Letters, to and from the foreign Parts. And in Equity, and in point of Safety, the Postmaster General ought to appoint him. For Enquiry into which, a Paper was presented, as it seems, to the Privy Council, intituled, Articles touching the Office of the Post of London: importing, "That it was one chief point of the Prerogative belonging to all Princes, to place within their own Dominions such Officers as were most trusty of their own Subjects. That the Postmaster's Place was an Office of great Trust and Credit in every Realm; and therefore was committed to the Charge of the natural Subjects, and not Strangers; especially in such Places as had daily Passages into foreign Realms, and where was concourse of Strangers. For Proof hereof it was urged, how the weighty Affairs of a Realm, and the Secrets of the Prince, passed by the Conveyance of the Postmaster; who being faithful to his Prince, and natural to his Country, would faithfully see the diligent and safe Conveyance thereof. But being a Stranger, would otherwise deal therein according to the Instinct of Nature, as well by secret Conveyance of Persons, (were they Enemies) and of their Letters and other Goods outwards; as also by receiving them inwards, and lodging them in his House and by other secret Aid, whensoever he should have advice therof, or be procured thereunto. And for Example hereof, take all foreign Realms about us, which all had their natural Subjects in this Office."

Articles why the English Postmaster should appoint the Foreign Post.

"That London was a Place of the greatest Concourse of Strangers, and of most common Passage of the Affairs of this Realm with foreign Countries; and therefore had most need of a faithful Post, a natural Subject."

"That the Strangers that had been Postmasters of London had always been occasion of many Injuries, and much Damage unto the Merchants of England; as well by means of staying and keeping their Letters a Day, twain, or more, and in the mean time delivering the Letters of Strangers; and also by staying sometimes the ordinary Post a Day, three, or four, That in the mean time one extraordinary might be dispatched by the Strangers, to prevent the Market and Purpose. And also by lodging of Merchants Strangers in his House, and bringing them by his daily Advices from divers Places, into the Trade of the English Merchants; and not without Secrets to defraud the Prince of his Duties and Customs. And therefore the English Merchants all desired that an Englishman might be placed in that Office. And that the Merchants Strangers should have no Cause to be grieved, that an English Man was placed; the Times and Orders accustomed, for the Conveyance of their Letters, should be observed, as well with them, as with the English Merchants; and no new Exaction imposed on them. And such Men might be placed therein, as could talk with them in their own Language, (tho' the Strangers themselves, for the most part, and their Servants, could speak English) and that should make as good Promise, and as faithfully perform the same, in all Equity and upright dealing, as any Stranger had done."

"That the Foreign Princes had no Cause to be grieved hereat: For they commonly sent Ambassadors, or other Messengers, on purpose to carry their Letters. And that the Postmaster of Antwerp had no more just Cause to be grieved thereat, than had the Postmaster of Roan or Paris in France, or of Seville in Spain. That nevertheless, for Quietness sake, Covenants might pass between him, and the Postmaster of London, that a like number of Dutchmen and Englishmen might be the ordinary Runners, as their Turn came, (tho' hitherto they would never suffer one Englishman to get his Living amongst them,) with other Matters appertinent unto this Office, well enough known, and easy enough to be agreed upon, between themselves, without any third Person.]"

And so much for the Foreign Post. Now for the Inland Post: For the conveying of Letters throughout England, the Market Towns are so well annexed to the respective Stages, that there is scarce any Market Town of Note or Account, but what hath the Conveniency of having Letters sent thither from the Stages, and to the adjacent Towns, altho' not lying in the High Roads.

Inland Post.

R. B.



Every Monday Letters are sent to France, Spain, Flanders, Italy, Holland, Sweden, Denmark, Kent, and the Downs.

Post Days.

Every Tuesday to the United Netherlands, Germany, Sweden, Denmark, and to all Parts of England, Scotland and Ireland.

Every Wednesday to Kent only, and the Downs.

Every Thursday to France, Spain, Italy, and all Parts of England, Scotland and Ireland.

Every Friday to the Spanish and United Netherlands, Germany, Sweden, Denmark, and to Kent, and the Downs.

And every Saturday to all Parts of England, Scotland and Ireland.

And the Answers of the Letters and Packets are brought in to the Grand Post Office in London, from all Parts of England and Scotland, every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday: From Wales, every Monday and Friday: And from Kent, and the Downs, every Day.

For the better Information of such as have occasion to send Letters to any Part of England, this following Table will inform them of the Stages. So that by having recourse to the Map, and there observing the situation of the Town to which you send your Letter, the nearest Post Town or Stage will be found. And accordingly, direct your Letter to be left with the Postmaster there, to be thence sent as superscribed; for if the Person be an Inhabitant of any Account, care will be taken to have it conveyed; for which end, they have Messengers on purpose.

Stages of the Posts.