[Laws and Customs] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [of the Markets.]398

[Laws and Customs] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [of the Markets.]

And be it further enacted and ordained by the Authority aforesaid, That all and every Act and Acts of Common Council heretofore made, touching or concerning the Lighting of the Stréets, Lanes, Thoroughfares and publick passages and places of this City of London and the Liberties thereof, and every Clause and Article therein shall be, and are hereby repealed, annulled, and made void.

The Laws and Customs of the Markets are likewise very beneficial to the Inhabitants; all sorts of Provision for human Life, and the very best of every sort, being sent out of the Countries for the Supply of London, and sold at the Markets. Whereof there be divers within the City; as at Leaden-Hall, the Stocks Market, situate where formerly St. Mary Woolchurch stood, Hony-Lane Market, where formerly Alhallows Honey-Lane Church was, and Newgate Market; also that in Spittal Fields, on the back side of Old-Street; that in Wappin, and that in Southwark; besides several more within the City of Westminster. And that good Orders, fair Usage, and wholsome Commodities may be had in buying and selling, and for settling of these Markets, which are within the Liberties, there was since the great Fire a very good Act of Common Council made, importing,

The Markets of London.

That Butchers, Poulterers, Victulaers, &c. that come out of the Country, or within two Miles of the City, may sell their Provisions in the Market four Days in the Week, viz. Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays, between the Feast of the Annunciation and the Feast of St. Michael, from six a Clock in the Forenoon, until eight a Clock in the Evening. And between the Feast of St. Michael and the Annunciation, from eight a Clock in the Forenoon until five in the Evening And upon every Saturday in the Week all the Year long, from the foresaid respective Hours of six and eight, until eight of the Clock in the Evening.

Market Days.

A Market-Bell to be rung: before which none is to set forth their Goods to sell, upon pain to be dealt withal as Forestallers. The Bell to ring again for the raising of the said Markets. And if any sell after the Bell hath done ringing, he forfeits 10s. for every Offence.

Market Bell.

By an Act of Common Council, 17 Sept. Ann. Dom. 1674. Hooker Maior, it was ordered concerning this Market Bell, that it should be rung thrice every Market Day. The first Ringing to begin at six in the Morning, for the beginning of the Market. The second Ringing at ten in the Forenoon, for Retailers then, and not before, to enter into the Market, to buy and carry away what Victuals they need. The third Ringing of the Bell to be a eight a Clock in the Evening, every Market Day, except Saturday, and then at ten at Night, for raising of the said Markets.

To ring thrice.

Country People and others resorting to the Markets being not Butchers or Poulterers, may stand or set, and vend their Herbs, Fruits, Eggs, Butter and such like, upon every working Day in the the Week, within the appointed Hours.

Retailers and Traders of the City, who buy and sell again, not to enter into the Markets to buy of the Market People, untill the Afternoon of every Day: to the end that Housekeepers may provide themsleves in the Morning, and at the first hand, and pay moderate Rates for their Provisions. Upon pain that every such Retailer, for every time offending, forfeit 40s.

No Butcher, Poulterer, Country Farmer, Fishseller, or other, shall put to sale, by way of Hauking, any Provision in any private House, Lane, Alley, Inn, Warehouse, or common Passage, but in his or their own Shop or Shops, or in the public Market-place, upon pain of Forfeiture ofthe same Goods so offered to Sale. And this for the preventing of unwholsome Provisions, dangerous to the Health and Bodies of the Subject.

No Person to buy any Victuals coming to the Market, or make any Bargain for the buying of them, before the same shall be brought into one of the Markets. And no Person to regrate, or get into his Hands any Victuals that shall be brought thither to be sold; nor to sell the same in their Shops, or any of the Markets, upon pain of 40s. for every such Offence.

For every Stall or Standing of the Length of eight Foot, and Breadth of four, used for the sale of Flesh-meat or Fish, to be paid for every Day 8d. or 2s. 6d. per Week.

Payments for Stall or Standing.

For every Stall or Standing of the said Length and Breadth, used for the Sale of any other Commodity, 4d. every Day, or 18d. per Week.

For every Stall of the Length of six Foot, and Breadth of four, for sale of Fish or Flesh 6d. every Day, or 2s. per Week. For the Sale of other Provisions, every Day 3d. or 16d per Week.

For every Standing for Tanned Leather, 6d. per Day; and for every raw Hide, an Halfpenny. For every Horse-load of Provisions or Commodities, and upon Stalls, 3d. And for every Cartload, 6d. Gardiners and Country People resorting to the Market early in the Morning, to sell Herbs, Fruits, &c. and quitting the Market at eight or nine a Clock in the Morning, to pay for the larger Places 3d. only, and the lesser Places 2d.

The Collectors and Receivers of these Duties, not to demand more than according to the aforesaid Rates, without the free Consent and Agreement of the Market-People, for some extraordinary Convenience and Accommodation: unless in Leaden-Hall, where other and larger Rates have been antiently paid for Stalls and Standings.

These Monies for Standings to be paid into the Chamber of London.

The Committee for letting the City Lands, with the Approbation of the Common Council, to appoint fitting Persons for Overseers of the Market, and Collectors of the Profits, and to treat and agree with the same Persons, and allow them for their Care and Pains; provided the Allowance exceed not the Tenth Part of the whole clear Profits. These to give a just and true Account of their Receipts and Payments every Week into the Chamber.

Overseers and Collectors.

One Moiety of all Forfeitures to be recovered, to be paid unto the Treasurer of Christs-Hospital, towards the Relief of the poor Children; and the other Moiety to him that shall give Information of the Offences.

Formerly, before the great Fire, the Markets were kept in Leaden Hall Street, Cheapside, and Newgate Street. And then there were these Officers, viz. a Serjeant, and Yeoman of the Channel, and Yeoman of Newgate Market, and Foreign Taker, whose Office was to sweep and make clean the said Streets, where the Market People resorted, and to carry away the Soil thereof, and to furnish the Market People with Boards and such like Accommodations; who had Allowances from the said Market People. But since Markets are removed out of the Streets to more convenient Places, and let to Farm, these Officers retain only the Names, not intermeddling with the Markets.

Officers of the Market.

We have already exhibited a Table of the Rates, Tolls, and Duties, as settled and appointed to be taken by an Act of Common Council passed Sept. 17. 1674. which the Farmers in the Covenants of their Leases were obliged not to exceeed, under the Penalty of 10l. As also the several Laws and Orders made from time to time