[Weights and] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [Measures.]345

[Weights and] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [Measures.]

Ledder, and Calvis Ledder, and it be thurgh tannid, and thurgh coried: and that he corie no maner Ledder within hym. And if he do the contrary to thees, his Fyne is at every tyme 6s. 8d. and to forfet al that is forfetable. And he wol nat beware by two Warnyngs, the third tyme to be jugyd accordyng to the Forme of the Statute.



Also, the Assize of a Coryour is, that he cory no maner Ledder, but if it be thurgh tannid; and that it be thurgh coried with suffisaunt Stuff: and it to be serchyd and seyne by the Bailif of the Towne, or his Deputie, or by suche an Officer as is in the Towne, if there be no Bailif therein, to se that it be good and able, and wel coried. And if he do the contrary to any of thees, he to be mercyd at the discretion of the Officer, and jugyd to the Forme accordyng to the Statute.



Also, the Assize of a Whitetawyer is, that he make nor tawe no Ledder, but Shepis Ledder, Getis Ledder, Deris Ledder, Horsis Ledder, and Hindes Ledder: and it be made with suffisaunt Stuff. And if he do the contrary to any of thées, he to be amercyd and jugyd accordyng to Forme of Statute afornsayd.



Also, the Assise is, that no Mercer, Draper, Grocer, Smyth, nor no maner Craftyman, by nor sell no maner thyngs that perteyneth to Weight or Mesure, but if theyr Weightis and Mesuris be assized and selid accordyng to the Kyngis Standard. And that doth contrary to any of thees, he to be amercid and juged accordyng unto the Statute.



Also, the Assize is, that no maner Manne nor Woman shall nat forstalle nor regrate no Market, of no maner of thyng that shuld come therto; noder within the Towne, nor without the Towne: wherthurghe the Market shuld be wors, and the poor Comyns gretly hurt, for to by at at the secunde hande. And whosoever doth the contrary to any of thees, he to be amercyd and juged according to the Forme and Statute afornsayd.

Here endeth the Assize of dyvers Artificers, aftyr the Book of Henry Brooke Esquire, Clerk of the Market of our Sovereigne Lord King Edward the IVth, in the Yere of his most noble Reign the eighth, and in the Yere of Christ M CCCC LXVIII.

The true Standard for Weights was once not to be found. Which occasioned great Wrongs for want of right and just weighing of Goods, bought and sold. Sir James Harvey, Maior, informed the Lord Treasurer thereof, (before whom this Business seemed more especially to be brought) by his Letter, dated Decemb. 12, 1581, importing, "That where there was a great Abuse and Fraud daily used to the Queen's Majesties loving Subjects, by reason of false Weights, as well within this City as in other Cities and Places elsewhere in the Realm: and whereof, as he was informed, his Lordship had heretofore been made privy, and had taken Care for the Reformation thereof. And that notwithstanding, the Abuse did yet continue: for that the true Standard made according to the Statute, for the sizing of all Weights, could not be found. And he [the Maior] being this Year charged in Conscience, by reason of his Office, and Oath taken, to see That Falshood and Deceit punished, he thought it his Duty not only to remeber his Lordship thereof, but also humbly to beseech him, that it would please him, to give him [the Maior] his favourable Help and Advice, what Order or Course he should take with the City for the Reformation thereof. And so he committed his Lordship to the merciful keeping of the Almighty, &c."
Your Lordship's humble
James Harvey, Maior.

The true Standard for Weights wanting.

The Maior informs the Lord Treasurer thereof.

As this Address had been made to the Lord Treasurer by the former Maior, concerning the Deceits practised by means of false Weights, for want of the true Standard, and a Verdict touching the regulating the same, delivered into the Exchequer: So it sticking there, Application was made again by the next Maior, Blank, for an effectual Dispatch of this necessary Affair; and that an Order might be sent to him and his Brethren, the Aldermen, to size Weights; whose Letter to the Lord Treasurer ran in these Words:

The next Maior applied to the Lord Treasurer to give Order for the same.

"My Duty most humbly don to your Lordship. Having lately entered with my Brethren, and the Common Council of this City into establishing of Orders for true and upright Use of her Majesties Beam, with the Weights thereto belonging: which upon Continuance do daily wear, and need to be renewed and sized from time to time; we have found it necessary to be humble Suitors to your Lordship, that your Lordship will have in your honourable Remembrance the great Want that this City and the whole Realm findeth, for lack of Order to size Weights. Whereby the Common-weal taketh Detriment; and private Men presume without Order to sell, and use unlawful Weights, both in the City and in the Country, that are accustomed to take their assizing from hence."

His Letter.

"We have thought the Time more convenient now to move your Lordship, because we hear, that the later Verdict touching the Weights is long since delivered before your Lordship, and the rest, in the honourable Court of Exchequer. It may please your Lordship to take Order with such Speed as your Lordship shall think meet, for Certainty in this behalf. And that your Restraint be so released, as our Officers may be at liberty to size accordingly. And so I leave to trouble your Lordship. At London, the last of July, 1583."
Your most humble,
Tho. Blank, Maior.

To this Affair of Weights, wherein the City took such Care, I add something not long after concerning their Measures. A Contest happened between the City and Lord Admiral about the measuring of Sea-Coal, and other things brought in upon the Thames, whether the Privilege thereof belonged to the City. For the bringing this to some Conclusion, the Lord Treasurer was again, in the Year 1591, addressed to, and the Business brought into the Exchequer. And Book was there drawn up, and comitted to the Judgment of the Queen's Attorny and Sollicitor General. And being pass'd their Correction, and having the Consent of the said Lord Admiral, the Lord Maior, Sir William Webb, prayed the said Lord Treasurer, to issue his Warrant to the Queen's Council for the signing of it. That so they might enjoy their Measurage, as formerly they used to have it. To make this brief Relation the more plain and full, I give here the Lord Maior's own Letter, faithfully transcribed.

Measures for Sea-Coal.

Contention thereabouts with the Lord Admiral.