[Apprentices.] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [Their Apparel.]329

[Apprentices.] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [Their Apparel.]

white broad Cloth, viz. round Slops, and their Stockings sowed up close thereto, as if they were all but one Piece. They also wore flat Caps both then and many Years after, as well Apprentices as Journeymen and others, both at home and abroad. Whom the Pages of the Court in Derision called Flat Caps.

When Apprentices and Journeymen attended upon their Masters and Mistresses in the Night, they went before them carrying a Lanthorn and Candle in their Hands, and a great long Club on their Necks. And many well grown sturdy Apprentices used to wear long Daggers in the Daytime on their Backs or Sides.

Anciently it was the general Use and Custom of all Apprentices in London (Mercers only excepted, being commonly Merchants, and of better Rank, as it seems) to carry Water Tankards, to serve their Masters Houses with Water, fetched either from the Thames, or the common Conduits of London.

They carried Water Tankards.

It was a great matter in former Times, to give 10l. to bind a Youth Apprentice; but in King James the First's Time, they gave 20, 40, 60, and sometimes 100l. with an Apprentice. But now these Prices are vastly enhanced, to 500 or 600, or 800 l.

What Money was given with Apprentices.

But because the Apprentices of London were often Children of Gentlemen, and Person of good Quality, they did affect to go in costly Apparel, and wear Weapons, and frequent Schools of Dancing, Fencing, and Music: Therefore by an Act of Common Council in May, Anno 1582, these things were thought fit to be forbidden; and this remarkable Proclamation was issued out by the Lord Maior for that Intent and Purpose.

A Proclamation for the Apparel of Apprentices.

J. S.

By the MAIOR.


WHere of late time Seruantes and Apprentises within this Citie, are by indulgence and lacke of conuenient seuerity, growne to great enormity and disorder, in excesse of Apparell, and the Fashions thereof, vncomely for theyr calling, and in haunting of inconvenient places and exercises, to the great waste of their owne thrift, coruption of maners, maintenance of pride and disobedience, and manifest occasion of vntrue dealing towardes their Maisters and Frendes, and great sclaunder of this Citie and the gouernaunce thereof. For redresse hereof, be it enacted and ordayned by the Lord Maior, and the Aldermen his brethren, and this present Common Counsell assembled, and by the authority of the same, That there shall be vniformitie vsed, and no difference appoynted of the Apparell of Apprentises in this Citie for one Company aboue an other, in the Formes or Fashions hereafter expressed.

Also, that no Apprentise of this Citie, shall weare any Apparell but of his Maisters cost, prouision, or appointment, and not of his owne, nor of his Frendes, other then by and according to his Maisters appointment, for the stuffe, fashion, and goodnesse.

Also, that no Apprentise shall within the Liberties of this City weare any Hat, but onely a Wollen Cap, such as his Maister shall geue or appoynt him, hauing not in any wise any Silke in or about the same. Prouided alway, that he may weare a Hat (without any Silke in or about it) in his iourney going out of the City, or returning from out of the Liberties of the City home. And that he shall not weare any Night-cap of Silke, or mingled with any Silke.

Also, that no Apprentise shall weare any Shirt with any Ruffes, either at necke or at hand (other then a Ruffe at the necke onely, not excéeding in length a yard and a half at the most) nor with any cost of Nedleworke, other then playne white seameand hemming, and a playne standing Band, tyed with playne strings: nor any loose Collar, Ruffes or Cuffes of other fashion.

Also, that no Apprentise shall weare any Doblet other then of Canuase, Fustian, Sackcloth, Lether, or Wollen Cloth; and of those sortes, no Spanish or forreine Lether, nor cut, nor ruffed, other then a playne edge of the same about it, nor striped in the weaving with Silke or Metall, nor garnished nor mingled with any other Stuffe, nor with any Silke, or Lace, or Stiching, or silke Buttons.

Also, that no Apprentise shall weare in his Hose any other stuffe then Wollen Cloth, Kersey, such Canause or Sackcloth as is before allowed for Doblets, or Lether dressed in England, and no Lether but in Bréeches onely.

Also, that no Apprentise shall weare in his Hose any Cloth or Kersey of any coulor, ether then white, russet, sheepes coulor, blew, or watched.

Also, that no Apprentise shall weare any Bréeches made great, but in most playne maner and close, or a small playne sloppe, and with no other lining then close to the legge for strengthening of the Hose, and not otherwise stuffed or filled with any thing, and without any stitching, lace, garde, welt, or other garnishing: nor any Poyntes other then of Lether or Thred.

Also, that no Apprentise shall weare any Coat, Cassocke, or such upper Garment, other then a plaine Coat, Jacket, or Jerkin of Cloth, or English Lether dressed in England, and not cut, stitched, printed, welted, nor garded, other then an edge of the same about it, nor any Silke or Cruell in or about it.

Also, that no Apprentise shall weare any outermost Garment, other then a Gowne of Cloth of the vsuall fashion of Apprentises Gownes: and not lined or faced with any other then Wollen Cloth, Cotten, or Bayes, blacke, or of the coulor of the outside: Or els a playne Cloke, with a round standing collar onely, and reaching down to the knée at the least. And that such Gowne or Cloke shall not be welted or garded, nor have any Silke or Cruell in Lace, stitching or otherwise in or about it, nor otherwise lined or faced then is aforesayd for the Gowne.

Also, that no Apprentise shall weare any Ring or Jewell of Golde or Silver, nor any Silke in or about any part of his Apparell.

Also, that no Apprentise shall weare any Pumpes, nor Pantostes, nor shall weare any Shoes garnished with cutting, edging, or stitching, nor other then of vsuall English Neates Lether or Calues Lether, and no forreine stuffe or dressing. Nor any Girdles or Garters, other then Cruell, Wollen, Thred, or Lether, and that playne without garnishing.

Also, that no Apprentise shall, within the Liberties of this Citie, other then in his iourney goyng out of the sayd Liberties, or comming home from out of the Liberties, by Maisters appoyntment, or in the Watch, weare any Sword, Dagger, or other Weapon then convenient meate Kniues.

And be it ordayned and enacted by the authoritie aforesayd, That euery Apprentise offending in wearing any Apparell, Weapon or other thing, contrary to this Acte, without his Maisters allowance or appoyntment, shall be punished in forme following: that is to say, for the first tyme by conuenient punishment by the discretion of hys Mayster: for the second tyme by open whipping at the Hall of his Company: and for the third tyme he shall serue sixe Monethes longer then hys Yeares as an Apprentise, to that the same third offence be duely proved before the Chamberlayne of this Citie for the tyme being.

Prouided also, and be it ordayned, That the third tyme of offence, shalbe alway iudged to incurre, if the two former offences be also proueable before the said Chamberlayne, notwithstanding that execution shall have bene spared for the two former offences.

And be it further ordayned and enacted by authoritie aforesayd, That if any Apprentise shall offend