[Laws of] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [the Market.]308

[Laws of] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [the Market.]

Summons to him given by any Officer of the Chamber, under pain of Imprisonment.

5. Mr. Chamberlain hath Power to send a Freeman to Ward, so that he incontinently after send to the Lord Maior, the Cause why that he is punished; so that the Lord Maior release him not, but by the Chamberlain's Assent: And if he be a great Commoner, and disobeying to the Chamberlain, Mr. Chamberlain may refer it to a Court of Aldermen.

6. Mr. Chamberlain hath Authority for to send or command any Apprentice to the Counter for their Offences. And if their Offences be great, as in defiling their Mistress, or Masters Houses by vicious living, or offending his Master by Theft, of Dislander, or such like, then to command him to Newgate.

Apprentice enrolled, his Master payeth two Shillings six Pence.

Apprentice set over, he that receiveth, two Shillings.

Apprentice made free, he payeth four Shillings.

Apprentice never enrolled, and made free, his Master payeth thirteen Shillings two Pence.

A Man made free by his Father's Copy, payeth eighteen Pence.

A Proclamation made in the Time of the Maioralty of Sir Michael Dormer, Knight.

An Act of Common Council, made in the Even of St. Michael, Anno Regis Henrici Octavi 31. That no Person should lay any Wares in the Street, or beyond the Edge of their Stall, upon pain of Forfeiture the first time six Shillings eight Pence; the second time thirteen Shillings four Pence; and the third time the Ware so laid.

The Laws of the Market.


1. IN all the Markets of this City, no Victual shall be sold, but by the Price set by the Maior of this City.

2. No Man shall forestall any Victual coming to the Market; as for to buy in any Inn, or other privy Place; or yet coming to the Market, whether it be found in the hand of the Buyer, or of the Seller, under pain of Forfeiture of the same. And no Innholder shall suffer nothing to be sold in his House, upon pain of Forfeiture of forty Shillings.

3. No Man shall regrate any Victual which is in the Market, or buy any Victual to ingrate in the Market; so that the Commons can or may have any part of such Victual: As in special such as be known for Huxters, or other People occupying their Living by such Victual, as they would so engross, under pain of Forfeiture, of such Victual so regrated. Provided always, that any Steward for any noble Feast, may buy or ingrate such Victual as is convenient for the same Feast.

4. No Butter shall be sold, but according to the Weight for the Time of the Year allowed.

5. No Poulters shall deceivably occupy the Market, to set any stale Victual. Or such as be Poulters of this City, for to stand in strange Clothing so to do, under pain of forty Shillings, and the Forfeiture of such Victual.

6. No Huxters shall stand or sit in the Market, but in the lower Place, and the Ends of the Market; to the Intent they may be perfectly known, and the Stranger Market People have the Pre-eminence of the Market, under pain of three shillings four pence, if the Huxters disobey the same.

7. No unwholsome or stale Victual shall be sold, under pain of forty shillings, and Forfeiture of the same Victual.

These three aforesaid little Tracts of Statutes and Laws were printed in the year 1562, by Order, for the Use and Instruction of the Citizens. I add these twoPapers following more modern concerning the Publick Markets, the former at a Committee of Common Council; the other, an Award of two great Lawyers 1697.

The several Laws and Orders made from antient Time to later for Regulation of the Markets, for buying and selling Food and Provisions for the City, for Butchers, Bakers, &c. appointed by a Common Council Anno 1697, to be printed and published for the better and more universal Knowledge of the same.

Orders for regulation of the Markets.

Veneris 6 die Augusti, 1697. Annoque Regni Regis Willielmi Tertij, Angl', &c. Nono. At a Committee of Common Council, held for the Publick Markets of the City of LONDON.


WHereas the Company of Butchers, by a Committee for that purpose appointed, hath made Complaint to Us, That divers Persons, contrary to the Laws and Statutes of this Realm, and the Customs and By Laws of this City, daily Forestal, Ingross and Regrate, all manner of Victuals and other Provisions, coming to and sold in the Publick Markets of this City, and sell Unwholsome and Corrupt Victuals therein, whereby the said Markets are not so well supplyed, and the Price of Provisions inhanced, to the great prejudice of the Inhabitants of this CITY, and Places adjacent;

At a Committee of Common Council 1697.

And We having by our Order, dated the 13th day of July last, required the Serjeant and Yeoman of the Channel to assist the said Committee, or any of them, with the Beadle of the said Company, in bringing the Offenders aforesaid to due Punishment, according to Law, upon pain of Suspension of their Salaries, for neglect of their Duty therein;

Now to the Intent that the said Laws should be perceived and known, that all Persons concerned might better govern themselves without offending therein, and the said Officers be instructed in performance of their Duty; We have thought fit, and do hereby order the Printing and Publishing in the several Publick Markets of this CITY, this following Abstract of the several Laws and Statutes of this Realm, and Customs and By-Laws of this City touching the Premises.

Forestallers are they that buy any thing before the Hour due and appointed in the Town, Against the Ordinance of the Town and Market; Or, who go out of Town, obviating Market Wares and buy them out of Town, that they may sell them in Town dearer to Regrators than those that did bring them would do, if they had come to the Town or Market.

Judicium Collistrigij, Ordinat' Anno 51. H 3. Vetus Mag. Chart. part. 1. fo. 117. a.

No Forestaller shall be suffered to dwell in any Town, which is an open Oppressor of Poor People and of all the Commonalty, and a publick Enemy of the Country; who thirsting after Unjust Gain, doth prevent others in buying Grain, Fish, Herring, or any other thing to be sold, coming by Land or Water, oppressing the Poor and deceiving the Rich, and thus unjustly contrives to sell them much Dearer than he who brought them: Who Circumvents Market-Strangers coming with their Merchandize, offering to buy them; and Suggests, That they may sell their Goods Dearer than they proposed to sell them; and so by their Craft and Subtilty deceive the Town and Country. He that is Convict thereof, for the first time shall be grievously Amerced, and lose the Thing so bought, according to the Custom and Ordinance of the

Stat. de Pistoribus 34. E. 1. Co. 3. Inst. 195. Vet. Mag. Chart. part 2. fo. 24. b. 25. a Kebles Stat. 85.