Strype, Survey of London(1720), [online] (hriOnline, Sheffield). Available from:
http://localhost:8080/strype/TransformServlet?book5_256[Accessed ]

© hriOnline, 2007
The Stuart London Project, Humanities Research Institute, The University of Sheffield,
34 Gell Street, Sheffield, S3 7QY

 

The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [Merchants.]256

The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [Merchants.]

"all and every Person and Persons, their Heirs and Assigns, having, claiming, or pretending to have any Estate, Right, Title, Interest, Claim or Demand whatsoever, &c. by reason or colour of any Letters Patents, or Grants, upon Suggestion of Concealment, or wrongful detaining, or not being in Charge, or defective Titles, or by, from, or under any Patentees, &c. of, or for which Manours, &c. no Verdict, &c."



256

CHAP. XVII.

Trade. Custom House, Weights and Measures. Merchants: Various Corporations of them. Merchants of the Staple, Merchant Adventurers. Russia Merchants. The Eastland Merchants. Levant Merchants. Spanish Merchants. East-India Merchants. French Merchants. Virginia Merchants. The African Company. The Canary Company. The Spanish, Portugal, Italian, French, Dutch, and West-India Merchants. The Royal Fishery.

WE have not yet told of all the Mysteries and Trades in London, as distinguished into their Several Companies. There is yet another Rank of considerable Traders, whose Traffick and Commerce lieth chiefly abroad, and who employ Shipping; exporting the Products and Manufactures of England into foreign Parts, and importing the Commodities of foreign Growth hither. These we call Merchants, in great Credit and Reputation among us, as well as of Wealth and Opulency. Of these there be divers Companies also, according to the Regions and Countries of the World to which they trade, being incorporated by divers of our Kings and Queens. But notwithstanding they are of these Companies of Merchants, yet most of them are Freemen of the City, and belong to some one either of the Twelve, or the other Companies of the Mysteries of London. But first to speak something of the Trade in general.

Merchants. Their Companies.

J. S.

Which is that which makes London to be London, that is, makes her flow with Wealth and Honour, and able to desereve the Name of the Chamber of the Kings of England; and finally, which influenceth the Prosperity and good Estate of the whole Nation: For she is the Spring of Wealth, whence, as in so many Channels, it is derived throughout all the Parts of the Kingdom.

The Trade of London.

And the Trade and Commerce of this City cannot but be great, if we consider the vast Sum paid into the King's Treasury, arising from the Customs, which amounts to about 400000l. per Ann.

The great Trade of it.

R. B.

Moreover its great Trade may be guess'd at by the Shipping lying at Anchor in the River Thames, insomuch that passing down the said River, the Masts resemble a Wood, or Forest, besides those constantly going out, or coming from foreign Parts of the known World. Its great Trade may also be computed by great Numbers of well furnished Shops and Warehouses, and by the great Port and Splendour the Merchants and Tradesmen live in; their Houses richly furnished; their Apparel costly; their Equipage noble, and their Tables plentiful, and many of them honoured by the Prince with Knighthood: Insomuch, that London may not improperly be reckoned, a grand Magazine of Money, and Commodities of all sorts, necessary for the Use and Pleasure of Mankind. And for Horses, Ammunition and all sorts of Arms, it may be stiled a Storehouse for Ward. And lastly, for Men of all Ranks and Qualities, as Nobility, Gentry, Courtiers, Divines, Lawyers, Physicians, Merchants, Tradesmen, Artificers, Seamen and Foreigners, is a vast Rendezvous of People.

For Exportation, this City (as the Storehouse of the Kingdom) supplies other Nations with Lead, Tin, Copper, Iron, Pewter both wrought and unwrought, Shot, Guns, Allom, Seacoal, Saffron, Tallow, Hides, Leather, Calves-Skins, Lamb-Skins, Cony-Skins, Hops, Corn, when under such a Price per Bushel, as is set by Act of Parliament, Pilchards, Herrings, Barrel-Cod, Poor-Jack, Ling, Shoes, Stockings, Hats, Caps, Ruggs, Honey, Sope, Madder, Butter, Cheese, all sorts of Haberdashery Wares, as Gloves, Ribbons, Needles, Pins, Tape, &c. but above all, with Cloth and Woolen Manufactures made into Serges, Norwich Stuffs, Sayes, Bayes, Perpetuaanoes, Druggets, Kersies, Rashes, Cottons, Fustians, Flannels, Worsteds, Frizes, Penistons, &c. and that in vast quantities. All which said Commodities, with divers others, not here named, find great vent beyond Seas.

Commodities exported.

The Importations are also as considerable, the Merchants bringing in from all parts of the Earth their Wares and Riches: which, after we have sufficiently supplied our selves with, in great quantities, to the enrichment of the Importers and others that deal in them, are again transported to other Countries. And as our American Plantations take off prodigious quantities of all sorts of the aforesaid Commodities; that is, as well those of our own Growth and Manufacture, as those imported; so likewise by the Plantations, as Barbadoes, Jamaica, Virginia, New-England, Maryland, New-York, Carolina, Pensilvania, Bermudos, St. Christopher, Nevis, &c. no less advantage is made by their Sugars, Tobacco, Indico, Ginger, Fiamento, Cotton, Cocoa, Furrs, Fusticks and other Woods; which is enough not only for our Nation, but to supply most Countries with.

Importation of Commodities.

The Amercian Plantations a great enrichment to England.

The Commodities imported are, Oils, Wines, Brandy, Spices, Fruits, as, Rasins, Corinths, Figs, Prunes, and Prunelloes, Calicoes, Pintadoes of several sorts, Saunders, Tamerines, Spicknard, Alloes, Myrrhe, Rhubard, Opium, Druggs of sundry sorts, Precious Stones, Gold, Silver, Pearl, Amber, Frankincense, Cassia, Camphire, Borax, Mirabolans, Benjamin, Rice, Chrystal, Porcelane, Cabinets, Coffee, Tea, China-wares, Cornelian Rings, Musk, Civet, Ambergreese, Salt-petre, Grograins, Turkey Carpets, Silks, Raw and Wrought into several Fabricks, as Taffaties, Sarsnets, Tabbies, Velvets and Plush, Diaper, Damask, Cambricks, Hollands, Ghentings, Muslins, &c. also Caviare, Catchope, Pot-ashes, Firs, Pipe-staves, Oars, Deals, Clapboards, Cordage, Cable-yarn, Cottons, Cotton yarn, Red-wood, Log-wood, Fustick, Cedar, Pitch, Tar, Rosin, Iron, Steel, Wire, Laten, Elephants Teeth, Cochineil, Flax, Hemp, Wax, Tallow, Furrs, Goat skins, Cordovants, Hides, Sturgeon, Camels Hair, Mohair, Camblets, Grograms, Yarn, Galls,

Commodities imported.

Glass,

© hriOnline, 2007
The Stuart London Project, Humanities Research Institute, The University of Sheffield,
34 Gell Street, Sheffield, S3 7QY