[Upholsters.] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [Turners, &c.]230

[Upholsters.] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [Turners, &c.]

whose Ability might not reach higher. And as for the Stuff it self, they knew it would breed nothing that was hurtful to the Health of the Body. Only in the first Year that it was gathered, it would breed a Worm while it was green: but being a Year old, the Stuff was as sweet and clean as any Feathers. And for this, Order was taken by them, that none should be used, until it were a Year old; as also by the Parties that gathered them, which were the poor People in the Isle of Ely. For the mingling of this Stuff with Feathers, or any other Stuff to deceive any, was a thing which they never heard of or knew.

Thirdly, As touching Squib and Strick Hair, they were of Opinion it was not to be used (Cow Hair excepted) and they thought was not used of any: For Downe was come in the place of it. Neither could they see, that it could altogether be taken away, Flocks being of so high Price, that the Poor could not reach them: Neither could the Quantity of Flocks be gotten in all England to serve for this purpose. Whereby many poor People should lye in the Straw, or full hard. And it was used for Mattresses to lye under Featherbeds, to keep them from the Cords.

Squib and Strick Hair.

Fourthly, For French Quilts which were stufft with Cow Hair, there had not any quantity come over in four Years: Neither did they look for any quantity; altho' they were much desired of many; and especiallly of Inn-keepers, who knew that they were stufft with Cow Hair; nor could find any thing for that Price so convenient to serve their purpose.

Cow Hair.

Fifthly, That whereas some sued, that all Wares, wherein there was any Cow Hair, might be forfeited, it was a thing unreasonable. For so should the most part of our Coverings that come out of Flanders, called Varder, and a hundred a Week that came out of Glocestershire, be forfeited. And it being reported, that Buckrams which came out of France, and Ticks which came out of Flanders (whereof they then had but few, and those dear) were intended to be sealed. The Rumour of which Sealing and Garbling their Commodities was so noised among the Merchants, that they should want that which otherwise would have been brought over in some reasonable sort, to the great prejudice of the Commonwealth.

Sixthly, Wares made part of Flocks and part of Wool, as Dornix and certain Coverings made at Sudbury, whether mixed with Flocks or not, they were not able truly to say; but for these, Sealers were appointed; and yet never were they so bad, nor so dear.


And these were their Answers to the pre-supposed Abuses in their Trade: And in conclusion they beseeched his Lordship, that by his Authority there might not any such Thing or Graunt pass against them as was required: Which if he should permit, it would be to the utter Overthrow and impoverishing of the Trade, and the great Hindrance of her Majesty's Subjects.

Notwithstanding this Petition of the Company of Upholsters, the other Party (who called themselves also the Company) presented their Petition against the former, with their Answers to each Article above-mentioned; which they called false Suggestions; and craved leave to unfold to the Lord Treasurer the true Reasons, why they withstood the Reformation of the same Abuses: Viz. That they ordinarily bought Fen-Downe and Thistle-Downe for an Half-penny a Pound, and sold the same among Feathers for 6d. the Pound; and amongst Feather-Downe, for 16d. the Pound. That they took coarse Canvas Cloth, being worth about 2s. and 6d. for a Tick of a Bed, and stufft the same with Fen-Downe mingled with Squib, Cow Hair and Strike, which cost them about 6d. and sold the same for a Bed to the Poor, for 10 or 12s. and sometimes more, which in very short time turned all to Worms. And it was most filthy and corrupt. That by these deceitful and wicked means, they did only enrich themselves, being not many, and undid almost all the whole Company, and abused the whole Realm. And, which greatly discomforted all honest Men, the greatest Custom came into the hands of these Abusers. And therefore desired the Lord Treasurer, to further the said most honest, reasonable and lawful Request, for the overseeing and correction of the said Wares.]

Secret Gains made by the Upholsters.


[ Click here to view Image of coat of arms, Turners' Company   ]

THE Company of TURNERS had long continued a loving Fellowship or Brotherhood among themselves, to the good Example of others. They became incorporated in the Second Year of King James.

These Turners anciently were Measure-makers: And there is this Record in the Chamber of London, concerning an Oath some of them took before the Maior about making Measures. Henry le Tournour, dwelling in Woodstreet, Richard le Tournour, John le Tournour, in Swithin's Lane of Candelwikestreete; Rob. le Tournour, living at Flete; Will. le Tournour, without Bishopsgate; Richard le Corveiser, Tournour, living in Wodestrete: All these were sworn on Saturday next before the Feast of St. Thomas the Apostle, An. 4. Edw. II. before the Maior and Aldermen, that for the futute they make not any Measures but Gallons, Potels and Quarts: And that they make no false Measures; as Measures called Chopines and Gylles; nor to make them after the manner of Boxes, or Glasses, or after any other manner. And that all such false Measures, of what sort soever they be, and wheresoever it shall happen they find them, they shall attach into the Hands of the Turners; or in any other place, as well in the Hands of Strangers as of Freemen: And shall cause them to come to Gyhald before the Maior; and shall present them, under pain of heavy Forfeiture.]

The Turners made Measures for Corn, and Liquids.

Red Book

J. S.


[ Click here to view Image of coat of arms, Glasiers' Company   ]

THE Company called of the GLASIERS, have been a Society of ancient Memory, and maintained a League of brotherly Affection together: But because I am able to say nothing of their Incorporating, I am the more willing to pass them over.