[Scriveners.] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [Horners.]220

[Scriveners.] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT. [Horners.]

THE Company of the FRUITERERS, being a very ancient Brotherhood, and of long continuance, became to be first incorporated in the third Year of the Reign of King James I.


[ Click here to view Image of coat of arms, Scriveners' Company   ]

THE Company of the SCRIVENERS, an ancient and long continued Society, were incorporated the 28th of January, in the 14th Year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord King James I.

Their Hall stood in Noble-street in Aldersgate Ward: which they have lately parted with, and sold to the Company of the Coachmakers, lately incorporated.

J. S.

Among the Wills and Testaments in the Bishop of London's Register, is the Will of William Taverner, Pater-noster-maker, An. 14. It may be enquired whether he were not of this Company.]


Lit. Broun.

E. A.


[ Click here to view Image of coat of arms, Bottlemakers' and Horners' Company   ]

AS for BOTTLE-MAKERS and HORNMAKERS, the precedent Times have remembred them to be of Antiquity, and two distinct Companies combined in one: But I find no Record that they were at any time incorporated.

Considerable Quantities of Horns were wont to be transported by these Horners. In the Year 1576, were shipped that Year 140000 Horns, to the value of 210l.

Transportation of Horns.

J. S.

Queen Elizabeth granted a Patent to Simon Furner and John Craford, for transporting of Horns. Whereby the Horners were hindred from transporting them: Yet by an Act they were allowed to transport refuse Horns. And these were now stopt by the Patentees. Which caused a Petition of Complaint to the Lord Treasurer.

For in the Year 1592, the Horners made a Petition, complaining, That whereas they and their Predecessors had all heretofore bought all manner of Horns, and wrought the best of them, to serve in the Realm, and sold the Refuse, and some of their wrought Wares, as Blowing Horns, Shoehorns, and Lanthorns, both to English and strange Merchants: Now one Simon Furner a Merchant, and John Craford a Scrivener, got a License from her Majesty for transporting of Horns: and thereby had not only restrained the Petitioners from their former Traffic, to their undoing in general, but also thereby greatly endamaged the Queen in her Customs, almost subverting the same. For whereas heretofore she had 18d. Custom for a Thousand of Horns, they would suffer none to pass, unless they had 10s. more to themselves for every Thousand. Which intolerable Imposition took away Traffic; and so consequently her Custom. There was a Proviso in their License, that if any Abuse of Inconvenience grew thereby, then the Lord Treasurer of England for the time, should reform and order the same. So the Petitioners prayed the said Lord, to order the matter as the Equity and Necessity of the Cause required. Also there was a Proviso in her Majesty's Grant, that the Horners should have their ancient Liberties, that had been Time out of mind: and the Statute allowed them the like. Therefore they prayed his Lordship's Letter to the Customers, that they might enjoy their former Liberties.

The Horners Petition against Patentees for Horns.

This Matter depended till the Year 1597, when the Treasurer sent to Sir Richard Carmarthen, to call before him these two Patentees beforesaid, and understand what could be alledged on both Parts, touching the Liberty of the Horners by their Charter, and to end the Question between both, if he could: Or else to let him understand his Opinion, what he conceived fit to be done therein. He endeavoured accordingly to end the Controversy between them, but could not. The Question rose upon one Word chiefly: viz. That they had desired of the King (that gave them their Charter) that they might have the Liberty within the City of London, and four and twenty Miles about, to choose and buy the principallest Horns, before the Strangers should buy and transport away. And then after the Company were so furnished, it should be lawful for THEM, and all other Persons, to buy and transport the rest. Now the Horners construed the Word THEM to pertain to their Company; Furner and Craford construed the Word THEM to pertain to the Strangers, and all other Persons upon their Suit. Carmarthen said, that being no Lawyer, he dared not to judge of the Word, but left it to his Lordship's better Judgment.]

The Horners Liberty by their Charter.