[Clothworkers.] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT.199

[Clothworkers.] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT.

and Wardens. Then the Master, the Wardens and Assistants humbly thanked his Majesty; and having kissed his Hand, the King departed.

There were other Companies incorporated in former Times, which are now sunk and gone: Whose Business was chiefly about Cloths, as Fullers, Telars, Burilers, concerning whom I have met with these particular Matters.

Other Mysteries about Cloth, now lost.



OF these and the Dyers a Complaint was made by some of the Company to King Edward I. that certain of them, namely, John de Oxon, Henry at Watergate, and Elias le Shereman, concerning Cloths sent to them to be fulled; and which ought to be fulled only within the City; that they sent them to the Mill at Stratford, and elsewhere without the said City, and caused them there to be fulled; in Deceit and great Damage of the Men who owned those Cloths, and also of the Men using the Trade in the foresaid City, and to the Depression of the said Trade. Whereupon the King, in the 26th of his Reign, sent his Letter to the Custos and Sheriffs of London, to call the Parties before them. Who accordingly did so; and the abovesaid John, Henry, and Elias, in all the said Matters acknowledged themselves to be faulty. And the said Custos and Sheriffs caused to appear before them the Dyers, Taylers, Burilers, Weavers, and Fullers, to appoint and provide for the said Trade of Fullers; how for the time to come they ought to do, and govern themselves, to amend the said Trade of Fullers.

Fullers of Cloths. Lib. Alb.

And this Ordinance was made for the common Profit of the City, that no Fuller, Dyers or Thessarans, should for the time to come carry Cloths out of the City, to be fulled or dyed, upon certain Penalties.



WERE Webbers or Weavers of Cloth. These were very ancient, and were a Guild or Fraternity, confirmed by King John. And whereas it was a Custom to receive from them, for the King, eighteen Mark of Silver yearly, by this Charter of Confirmation the said King required twenty Mark to be from thence yearly paid at the Exchequer on the Feast of St. Michael.

King Henry III. gave them another Charter, and referreth to an Inspeximus of a Charter which his Grandfather King Henry granted the Tellars of London. This King Henry III. in his said Charter required of them two Mark in Gold, payable every Michaelmas.

These chose two Bailiffs from among themselves to hold Courts of the same Trade. And presented the said Bailiffs so chosen to the Maior Elis Russel: who were by the said Maior accepted and sworn. And if any matters could not be determined by them, they were to be brought to the Maior, to be ended by him.



WERE a Mystery for the inspecting of Cloths woven, as to the well making of them, and measuring of the Breadth of them. For Cloth ought to have been two Ells wide from List to List; (which was called Burrells) according to an old Constitution.


There used to be great Contentions between the Telars and these Burilers: Whereupon King Henry III. once interposed his Pardon and Indulgence against the Burilers. Rex concessit hominibus London quod non vexentur propter Burellos, vel pannos Burellatos; quamvis non sint in latitudine duarum ulnarum infra Listas, secundum Constitutionem prius factam de pannorum latitudine.

Pat. 9 H. III. m. 5.

There is this Record remaining in the Chamber of London. "Be it remembred, that on Thursday next after St. Hilary, the 20th [it should be 28th] of Edward I. John de Cannefeld, and Wauter Payne, Bailiffs of the said Guild of Telers of London, and the whole Commonalty of the same, were summoned before Elis Russel, then Maior of the same City; to answer to Fouk de St. Edmund, and to Henry le Josue, and other good Men of the Mystery of Burilers, upon certain Articles, and Points, and Establishments, in Time whereof there is no Memory: Which the said Wauter and John, and others of the said Guild have infringed; and other new Ordinances, &c. to the Damage and Prejudice of them and their Mystery of Burilers. They acknowledged they were faulty, and in some Points did contrary to their Customs and Usages: Whereof they prayed Grace."

Lib. Horn. fo. 278.

"And it was assented to by both Parties, that some of the Burilers, and some Telers should be chosen; viz. William de Leyre, Wauter de Finchingfeld, Thomas Romayne, and Richard de Glocester, Aldermen; Fouk de St. Edmund, Henry de Josue, John de Hatfend, and three more, Burilers; and William de Gillingham, John de Cannefend, Robert Moris, Simon de Purtepole, and three more, Telers. And these ordained that the Telers should use and hold certain Ordinances." Which are there set down.

As, That none make Cloth mingled with a Thread of England and of Spain. That no Cloth be made of Flocks and Thrums, &c.

This Company of Clothworkers also is a very flourishing and wealthy Company. The Hall, situate in Mincing-Lane, was partly burnt down in the great Fire: but the Walls of the Court-Room stood, being built in the Year 1594, as appears by the said Year graved upon the Wall toward the Garden, and yet remaining. The Hall is spacious, with the Windows painted with Coats of Arms of Persons of Eminence of their Company, and Benefactors. On the great East Window is the Coat of Arms of Sir John Robinson, born quarterly; and thus under-written, Sir JOHN ROBINSON, Kt. and Bar' His Majesty's Lieutenant of the Tower of London, Lord Maior of this Honourable City 1663. and President of the Artillery Company, kept his Maioralty in this Hall. In which Year he entertained their Majesties, the King, Queen, and Queen Mother; and their Highnesses, the Duke and Dutchess of York. And towards the re-edifying this Hall, a worthy Benefactor.

The Hall, and Windows painted.

On the right side of this Window a less Light painted with a Coat of Arms, and inscribed, Sir Francis Chaplain, Kt. Sheriff, and Master 1668. On the left hand the like Window with a Coat of Arms, and inscribed, Michael Davison, Esq; Master of this Company 1669. Above these two Windows, two other painted with Coats of Arms, one for Sir William Peake, Kt. Sheriff; the other for Sir Denys Gauden, Kt. Sheriff.

In this East Wall in two Nieches stand in full Proportion the Effigies of King James I. and King Charles I. gilded.

On the great North Window, the Coat of Arms of Sir Joseph Williamson, Kt. Which is Or, between a Chevron engrailed, three Trefoyls Sable. The Crest a demy Eagle rising, Gules, the Wings displayed, Sable. Thus subscribed, The Right Honorable Sir Joseph Williamson, Kt. one of his Majesty's most Honourable Privy Council, and Principal Secretary of State, Master of this worshipful Company 1676, a noble Benefactor.