[Goldsmiths.] The TEMPORAL GOVERNMENT.185


"Rents with their Appurtinences within the said City and Suburbs, to the Value of 20l. per An. for the maintenance of the Blind, Weak, and Infirm Men of the Company, and of a Chaplain to celebrate Mass. This bore date at Winchester, February 6. the 17th Year of his Reign. [A.M. writes the 16th amiss.]"

Edward IV. by his Letters Patent bearing date at Leicester, the 30th of May in the Second of his Reign, allowed all the former Letters Patents, and approved and confirmed the same, and further granted to the said Wardens and Company of the Craft aforesaid, that they and their Heirs should be a Corporation, or Body Corporate, consisting, and called by the Name of Wardens and Company, &c. and be Persons able and capable in Law to purchase and take Lands and Tenements, Rents and other Possessions whatsoever, for ever in Fee-simple: and to have a perpetual Succession and Common Seal for the Affairs of the said Mystery.

Chart. 2 Ed. IV. to be a Corporation.

And moreover in these Letters were added, That for the Credit of the Men of this Art, dwelling and residing in the said City; and for preventing and avoiding the Damage and Loss that did or might daily happen, as well to the King as to his Liege People, for want of a due and provident Care of regulating certain of the King's Subjects, and others, using and exercising the said Trade, without any regard to the Credit of the said Company, &c. He granted to the Wardens and Company, that they should and might for ever, have the Search, Inspection, Trial and Regulation of all sorts of Gold and Silver, wrought or to be wrought, and exposed to sale within the City or Suburbs, and in all Fairs and Markets, in Cities, Towns and Boroughs, &c. throughout the Kingdom of England. And also should and might have power to punish and correct all Defects that should be found in working of Gold and Silver. And that they might call to their Assistance the Maior and Sheriffs of the said City, and the Maiors and Bailiffs and other Officers whatsoever, in any Fairs, Markets, Cities, Boroughs, Towns and other Places, where any such Search or Trial should happen. And that the Wardens of the said Mystery should and might have full Power and Authority for ever, by themselves, or any of them, duely to search or try all and all manner of Works touching and concerning the said Craft, found or being in the hands of the Gold-smiths, or any other whomsoever, selling, making or working any Wares or Works, pertaining to the said Mystery as well within the City and Suburbs, as elsewhere out of the said City, in all Fairs, Markets, &c. And also according to their Discretion to punish and correct the Markets, Sellers and Workers of the same.

To have the Search of all Gold and Silver.

Also Henry VII. granted this Company his Letters Patents, dated at Westminster the 3d of February, the 20th of his Reign. And King Henry VIII. his Letters dated at Westminster March the 16th, the first of his Reign. And King Edward VI. his, dated at Westminster the 6th of June, the first of his Reign. And Queen Mary hers, dated at Westminster the 5th of December, the first of her Reign. And Queen Elizabeth hers, dated at Westminster the 3d of February, the 3d of her Reign. And King James I. his, dated the 30th of March, in the 2d of his Reign.

Other Kings Charters.

The Goldsmiths made and set forth this good Order following for prevention and redress of great Abuses committed in several Wares; Viz.

GOLDSMITHS HALL, Feb. 23. 1675.


WHEREAS complaint hath been made to the Wardens of the Company of Goldsmiths London, that divers small Works, as Buckles for Belts Silver Hilts, and the Pieces thereto belonging, with divers other small Wares both of Gold and Silver, are frequently wrought and put to sale by divers Goldsmiths and others, worse than Standard; to the abuse of his Majesties good Subjects, and great Discredit of that Manufacture: And that there are also divers Pieces of Silver Plate sold, not being assayed at Goldsmiths Hall, and so not marked with the Leopard's Head crowned, as by Law the same ought to be: And whereas the Wardens of the said Company, to prevent the said Frauds, have formerly required all Persons to forbear putting to sale any adulterate Wares, either of Gold or Silver, but that they cause the same forthwith to be defaced. And that as well Plate-workers, or Small-workers, should cause their respective Marks to be brought to Goldsmiths Hall, and there write the same in a Table kept in the Assay-Office; and likewise either their Names and Places of Habitation in a Book there kept for that purpose; whereby the Persons and their Marks might be known unto the Wardens of the said Company. Which having not hitherto been duely observed:

The Goldsmiths Order 1675. for Plate of Standard.

These are therefore to give notice to, and to require again all those who exercise the said Art or Mystery of Goldsmiths in and about the City of London and Westminster, and the Suburbs of the same, that they forthwith repair to Goldsmiths Hall, and their strike their Marks in a Table appointed for that Purpose; and likewise either their Names with the Places of their respective Dwellings in a Book remaining in the Assay-Office there: And that as well the Workers as Shopkeepers, and all other Working and Trading in Gold and Silver Wares of what kind or quality soever they be, forbear putting to sale any of the said Works, not being agreeable to Standard, that is to say, Gold not less in Fineness than 22 Carracts; and Silver not less in Fineness than 11 Ounces twopenny Weight. And that no Person or Persons do from henceforth put to sale any of the said Wares, either small or great, before the Workman's Mark be struck thereon, and the same assayed at Goldsmiths Hall, and there approved for Standard, by striking thereon the Lion and Leopard's Head Crowned, or one of them, if the said Works will conveniently bear the same. Hereof all Persons concerned are desired to take notice, and demean themselves accordingly. Otherwise the Wardens will make it their Care to procure them to be provided against according to Law.


One of this Company deserveth here to be remembred and stand upon record for his Prudence in securing the Estate he should leave behind him, from the danger of being ever sold away or alienated from his Name and Family by any that should enjoy it. Which he did by making certain of this Company Trustees of it. This Citizen was one Philip Strelley of London: Who in the Year 1603, left the Mannor or Lordship of Ulkerthorpe, alias Ogarthorpe, alias Hogarthorpe in the County of Derby, to Sir James Pemberton and others his Trustees and Members of the Goldsmiths Company for ever. In trust that they shall lease the same Premisses (after several Limitations therein mentioned) to the Heirs of the Body of Henry Strelley; and for default of such Heirs, then to such Person or Persons successively one after another, as for the time being shall be next of the Bloud, Name and Kindred of the Strelleys. To hold for Ninety nine Years with a Proviso, that the same shall determine at such of the Feasts of All Saints, and May day, as shall next happen after the End of one Year, next after the Decease of the Lessee: At 55l. Rent per Ann. with such Covenants as are mentioned in a Precedent annexed to his Will. The said 55l. to be disposed of by the Company in manner following, Viz.

Strelley's Estate settled notably upon this Company.


To put out two Apprentices born on the Premisses,
or in the Counties of Derby and Nottingham.