The Parish of St. Clement Danes. Streets, &c.117

The Parish of St. Clement Danes. Streets, &c.

Cutters by the Bell Inn. Thence thro' the said Inn and crosses Wich Street to May Pole Alley; from whence it passeth by Craven House on the East side of Drury Lane to the Cheesmongers two Doors on this side the Horshoe Tavern; and there it crosseth the Houses on the back side of Princes Street, and so cross Stanhope Street, and the Tallow Chandlers, with the other jetting out House, and then runs down the South side of Dukes Street, unto the House where the Parish Stone Mark is set up; and from this House it crosses the Houses into Bear Yard, and so into Sheffield Street by Clare Market next the Oyl Shop; where is crosses the Street to the Glaziers, and so thro' the Houses; and again crossing by the Sign of the Black Jack, unto the Parish Stone Mark, on the back side of Portugal Row, where I began. And this is the Girt Line, of the Parish, which lieth encircled together, as appears by the Map. But there is a considerable Part of the Parish separate from the rest, and that part begins at Wimbleton House in the Strand, over against Dutchy Lane and so runs to the Corner of Exeter Exchange, and from thence up Burleigh Street, taking in Exeter Court, with Exchange Alley, and the back Buildings against Exeter Street, with all the East side of Burleigh Street, except two or three Houses by the Corner of Exeter Street. Then again from the Corner of the said Exchange it runs cross the Strand, taking in Fountain Court down to the River Thames, with all Beauford Buildings, and the East side of the new Street called Cecil Street, built out of Great Salisbury House: all which said Buildings it takes in, and this is the extent of this Parish.

Parish Stone Mark.

Now for the Description of the Streets, Lanes, Alleys, and Courts in this Parish, with their Buildings of Chief Note, I shall first begin at Temple Bar, and so Westward. And then the first is the Strand, on both sides to the May Pole; and here this Street is not so broad as by and beyond the May Pole; but being so great a Throughfare is well inhabited by Shop Keepers. The Cock Alehouse, adjoining to Temple Bar, is a noted Publick House. Thence passing Westward is Cross Key Alley, very small, the Rose Tavern, a well customed House with good Conveniences of Rooms and a good Garden. The next Place that offers it self, is the Palsgraves Head Court, very handsome, large, well built and inhabited, with Free Stone Pavement, ascended by Steps, which causeth it to lie dry and clean: it hath an out-let into the Temple with a Door to it, and at the Entrance out of the Strand, there is another Door made open with Iron Bars, to shut up on occasion, for the Security of the Inhabitants and Lodgers. Next to this is a small Alley note worth the naming. Then through a small Passage is an Entrance into Devereux Court, which leadeth to the Temple Back Gate. It is a large Place with good Houses, and by reason of its vicinity to the Temple, hath a good Resort, consisting of Publick Houses and noted Coffee Houses; from this Court is a Passage into Essex Street.

The Description of the Streets and Lanes.

The Strand.

Cross Key Alley.

Palsgraves Head Court.

Devereux Court.

Almost against St. Clements Church is an open Passage for Coaches into Essex Street, or Building, being a broad, clean, and handsome Street, especially beyond the turning into the Temple, where it crosseth Little Essex Street into Milford Lane; it conststs of two Rows of good built Houses, well inhabited by Gentry; at the bottom of which Street is a Pair of Stairs to go down to the Water side, where Watermen ply. This Place, before its being converted into Buildings, was a large Garden with one great House, first called Exeter House, as belonging to the Bishops of Exeter. Afterwards it came to the Earls of Essex, and was called Essex House. Which Name it retained, altho' afterwards possessed by Seymour Marquess of Hartford.

Essex Street, or Buildings.

Essex Stairs.

At length it was purchased by Dr. Barbon, the great Builder, and by him and other Undertakers converted into Buildings as now it is: Of late the Passage into it out of the great Street is widened, and made more convenient.

Out of this Essex Street Westward is a small Street or Passage for Carts, called Little Essex Street, which leadeth to Milford Lane, which openeth out of the Strand, against St. Clements Church, and this Lane runneth down on the back side of Essex Street to the Water side, a Place much pestered with Carts and Carrs, for the bringing Coals and other Goods from the Wharfs by the Water side. And therefore this Lane is but ill inhabited, with old Buildings, and the rather for that the Entrance into it out of the Strand is so narrow. On the West side of this Lane and opposite to Little Essex Street is Greyhound Court, a pretty handsome new built Place, which hath a Passage into Water Street on the back side of Norfolk Buildings. Then lower down in Milford Lane, near the Wood Wharf, is a small Place called Pissing Alley, a very proper Name for it, and this Alley goeth down to Milford Stairs, and also up into Water Street being ascended by Steps.

Little Essex Street.

Milford Lane.

Greyhound Court.

Pissing Alley.

Milford Stairs.

Betwixt Milford Lane, and Arundel Street is Crown Court, very small. Then betwixt Norfolk Street, and Surrey Street in the Strand is Angel Court, containing two or three Houses, and hath a Freestone Pavement. Then beyond Surrey Street is the Talbot Inn, well resorted unto, which hath a Passage into Surrey Street next to Mr. Foxes House.

Crown Court.

Talbot Inn.

Strand Bridge goeth down to the Thames side, a Place of some Note, for its Stairs to take Water at; the East side of this Lane joins to Surrey Street, into which there is a Passage up Stone Steps: and the West side hath a Brick Wall belonging to Somerset House Garden.

Strand Bridge.

Beyond Strand Bridge towards Somerset House is a small Court called Three Halbert Court. Which is the extent or out Bounds of this Parish Westward.

Three Halbert Court.

Now back to Norfolk Buildings, formerly the Bishop of Bath's Inn: Which in Process of Time came to the Family of the Howards, Dukes of Norfolk, the late Duke dwelling there. It then was a very large and old built House; with a spacious Yard for Stablings, towards the Strand, and with a Gate to enclose it, where there was the Porters Lodge; and as large a Garden towards the Thames. This said House and Grounds was some Years since converted into Streets and Buildings, and contains four large Streets graced with good Buildings which are well inhabited and resorted unto by Gentry; three of which in a streight Line from the Strand, runs down to the River Thames: where there are good Stairs for taking Water, viz. Arundel Street, Norfolk Street, and Surrey Street; and the fourth, viz. Howard Street runs cross about the midst. The first of these Streets Eastward is Arundel Street which hath the best Buildings towards the Thames; on the East side is a Street called Water Street, chiefly for Coaches and Stablings, at the bottom of which is a pretty handsome House, with a Garden towards the Thames: and under the House there is a Passage into the Thames for the watering of Horses. Out of this Street are two Passages into Arundel Street, one of which is broad for Coaches, and the other narrow, which is called Pissing Alley. And out of this Place there are two Passages into Milford Lane, the one towards the bottom very small and bad, being descended by Steps, very ill built and inhabited; the other is called Greyhound Court already mentioned in the Discription of Milford Lane. At the upper End of this Street is the Crown Tavern, a large and curious House with good Rooms and other Conveniences fit for Entertainment.

Norfolk Buildings.

Contains four Streets.

Arundel Street.

Water Street.

Pissing Alley.

Greyhound Court.