|Suburbs without the Walls. Allome Works. ||41
hath already cast many of them into Extremity of great Sicknesses and Diseases,
which evil and unwholesome Savour, of late many Fishes in the Thames there near
unto, have been found ready to die, and dead, supposed to be poysoned by some
Substance issuing into the River of Thames: and all the Inhabitants thereabouts
much annoyed, and all the Pasture Ground lying near thereabouts is tainted and
in such Manner that the Cattel do refuse to feed on the same. And they further
shew, that they having preferred their Grievances unto your Majesty's
of Annoyances, and having caused the same to be presented unto them by
by several Jurors, sworn upon Oath before your Majesty's Justices of the Peace,
their general Sessions for Middlesex, upon due Proof and the Testimony of
there also sworn and examined, upon which Evidences the said Jurors have given
several Verdicts, and presented upon their Oaths the same Annoyance to be
great and intolerable to all Inhabitants dwelling thereabouts, and to all other
by the same, or upon the River of Thames: Yet your Petitioners having no Redress
thereby, are compelled by extreme Necessity to complain unto your Majesty, and
much Grief and with all Humility beseech your Majesty to take to Consideration
speedy Redress in that behalf, the same Annoyance being so great and unsavoury,
otherwise your poor Subjects, being many thousands in Number, shall be compelled
forsake their Houses, and abandon their Dwellings, to the Loss of their Trades
Lives, and the utter undoing of them and their Families.
Wherefore they most humbly beseech your Majesty to commit the Examination
unto the Right Honourable Thomas Earl of Cleveland, Sir Allen Apsley, Knight,
Lieutenant of the Tower, Sir Henry Spiller, Knight, Thomas Sanderson, and George
Long, Esquires, or any three or two of them, or any others, being Justices and
Commissioners of Annoyances within the said County of Middlesex: who by Your
Majesty's gracious Reference being thereunto required, may examine and hear the
Allegations on all Parts: And that upon the Certificate of their Opinions
Majesty will be pleased to vouchsafe your poor Subjects such Relief as the Case
And the Petitioners, according to their bounden Duties and Legiance shall daily
Your Majesty's long and prosperous Reign over us.
At Whitehall the 25th of July, 1627.
Earl of Dorset.
Earl of Bridgewater.
Mr. Secretary Cook.
Mr. of the Rolls.
Mr. Chancellor of the Dutchy.
WHereas upon a Complaint formerly made by divers
Aldermen of the City of London, on the Behalf of the Inhabitants of the Parishes
Butolphs Aldgate, and divers other Parishes thereabouts, concerning a great
unto the said Inhabitants, caused by certain Allome Works, erected thereabouts
Majesty's Farmers of the said Works: It was by an Order of the twentieth of this
Month ordered, that the President of the College of Physicians, accompanied with
other Doctors of Physick of that Society, as likewise, that some of the Aldermen
upon View of the said Works, and such Observations by
them made as falls within their Experience, return Certificate to the Boord, of
Opinions touching the same: Forasmuch as those whose Names are here under
did this Day accordingly make their Certificate in writing to the Boord, as
"May it please your Lordships, according to an Order of this
Honourable Boord of the twentieth of July last; We have viewed and observed the
Allome Works at St. Katharines, and considered the Materials therein used and
imployed. And thereupon do humbly certifie unto your Lordships, and are of
that the Works standing in that Place, must necessarily breed great Annoyances
the near Inhabitants, and by the spreading Vapours from thence issuing to many
more remote, and to all such Passengers as either by Land or by Water have
to frequent those Parts, not only by their continual noysome Savours to make all
Habitations grievous and unpleasant, but also by their putrid Qualisy to
Healths: And so we humbly rest at your Lordships Commands, July the 24th.
an. 1627. Signed, John Argent, Pres. John Gifford, William Harvey, William
Clement, Robert Flud, Samuel Baskernite, Ottuel Meverel, and by Hugh
Their Lordships upon Consideration had thereof, did resolve,
said Allome Works in and about the City, were fit to to be supprest.
that a Petition was now presented to the Boord by the Farmers of the said Allome
Works, shewing that it was not possible for them to erect and finish any new
the Countoy before our Lady day next, and that if they should be restrained from
working here in the mean time, the Kingdom would be unserved of Allom, of which
there is great Use, and they likewise disabled to pay his Majesty's rent. And
besought the Boord that they might have leave to proceed in their making of
here until our Lady day next as aforesaid. It was thereupon thought fit and
they should be at Liberty to make Allome in those Places where their Works are
erected until our Lady day next only and no longer; and that in the mean time
presume not to erect any other Works in any Places in or about this City.
nevertheless that they suffer not the Dregs and Excrement proceeding from the
and making of the said Allome to be cast or fall into any Places leading into
the River of
Thames, but that they cause the same from time to time to be either buried in
time in the Grounds where their Works now are, or otherwise to be carried and
in the Night time in some other convenient Place, where the same may breed no
Infection or Annoyance to any his Majesty's Subjects.
The Councils Order about these Allome Works.
At Whitehall the 12th of September, An. 1627.
Earl of Holland.
Earl of Kelly.
Master Secretary Cook.
Master Chancellor of the Exchequer.
Chancellor of the Dutchy.
WHereas an humble Petition was this Day exhibited to the
Boord in the Name of the Inhabitants of the Parishes of St. Buttolphs near
Katharines, White Chapel, Stepney, Redriff, St. Olaves, and others adjacent and
his Majesty's Tower of London: Shewing, that whereas it had pleased the Boord
the 27th of July last, after divers Hearings and Reports
made by six Doctors of
the College of Physitians of London) to order that the Farmers of his Majesty's
Works (who had transported themselves out of the Northern Parts of the Kingdom
unto his Majesty's Royal Chamber and City of London)
Another Order of Council about the same Matter.