Suburbs without the Walls. New Buildings. 33

Suburbs without the Walls. New Buildings.

" for Punishments of Offenders. And that towards the Governour's Pains, Charges and Travel in establishing them in an orderly Government, and having care of the Continuance of the same, it might be lawful for them to take of every Person to be so settled under Government, such ordinary Fees and Duties, as by a general Consent should be thought fit according to the Use of the City of London."

The Consideration of this the King committed to certain Persons, which were his Commissioners for Suits, viz. Sir Julius Cæsar, Sir Francis Bacon, Sir Thomas Parry, Sir Walter Cope, Sir Clement Edmonds and others. And they hereupon directed their Letters to some Gentlemen of Middlesex, Surrey, and Essex, and to certain Aldermen of London, viz. Sir Thomas Benet, Sir Henry Roe, Sir John Swinnerton, Henry Fynch, John Mitchel, Edward Barkham, George Smithes. These Aldermen April 30. 1610. gave up a Certificate, upon a Reference given by those his Majesty's Commissioners, concerning the Government of the Tradesmen inhabiting the Suburbs and other Places near the City. The Import whereof was, that they had called the Parties before them, and examined the Causes of the Petition; and found that there were many such Abuses as were complained of. And they conceived it very needful, that some good Order might be established for the Preservation of lawful and necessary Trades: and that some severe Punishment might be inflicted upon such as made false and counterfeit Wares; and that an Order might be established for restraining the great Numbers of People which daily came from other Places. And that in their Opinion it were fit, that the Tradesmen in the Suburbs near adjoining might be drawn under, and be governed by the Companies in the City of London; as with whom they have most Affinity. and had such Orders, as well for the Search of their Wares, and Number of Apprentices, as were observed in the Companies in the City of London: and that some special Men of every Trade might be Yearly appointed out of, and by those Companies to search Wares, and to see such Orders performed as should be found convenient and needful for the said Tradesmen, upon such Penalties as were inflicted upon Offenders in the several Companies of London. That both Freemen of the City, and those that inhabited near the City, might live in their Callings to the good of the Common-wealth. And that such ordinary Duties and Quarteridge, Search and Fines for Offences as were paid by the Freemen of the City, might likewise be paid by them to the Companies of London, to whom they should be joined.

And forasmuch as the Power and Authority of the City did not extend to the Masters and Wardens of every Company, to whose Care and Government any of the said Tradesmen should be joined, for their better Government, with two or more of every Company of the Tradesmen, to make Search and reform many of these Abuses otherwise than in the said City of London, they conceived not, how these Abuses might be reformed, unless his Majesty should be graciously pleased to give Authority to the said Masters, Wardens and others to be appointed, to reform the said Abuses, to make Search within five Miles, or so many Miles of the City, as to his Majesty should seem fit, to have the said Course of Reformation to extend. And that this Search might be made twice every Year; and the Offender to be punished by Fine or Mulct. And that the said Master and Wardens of every Company for their Neglect and Miscarriage in their Duties be punished forty Shillings, to be levied by Aid and Assistance of the Lord Maior and Aldermen for the time being.

This was the Sum of the Opinion given in by the Aldermen of London upon this Business of the Tradesmen in the Suburbs, referred to them by the Commissioners.

The said Commissioners did again desire tho Opinion of the Gentlemen of Middlesex, Surrey, and Essex in this Matter. And for the last named County, in May, Anno 1611. they directed their Letters to Sir Michael Hicks, Sir William Rider, and Mr. Blunt, praying them to enter into a Consideration of the whole Matter, and of the Circumstances thereof, and to give the Commissioners a Meeting at a Day appointed, viz. May 23. at the Exchequer Chamber, that with Conference with them and some of the Aldermen, some Course might be taken as should be thought fit.

What further became of this Matter, I know not. But whether it were the Encouragement these petty Traders and Artificers met with, or the multiplying of the meaner sort of People, that was the Cause, but great Numbers of Edifices were erected in the Suburbs, where before were Fields, and void Places: especially on the East Parts of the City. This was at length much complained of. Insomuch that in the Year 1580. it was thought meet to take some Course to stop this by the Queen's Proclamation.

The Encrease of Buildings in the Suburbs forbid by Proclamation.

Many Inconveniences are said there, to be occasioned by the daily Access of People thither: As that the City could scarcely be well governed, by reason of such Multitudes flocking to live there, by the old Government, without devising of new Jurisdictions and Officers. It was thought also to encrease a great Dearness of Provisions; there being hardly sufficient Victual and Food and other Necessaries for Man's Life, to be had for reasonable Prizes, so many ready to consume the Provisions brought in. It was also thought to tend to the rendring of the City more sickly, and to bring in a Mortality; the Preservation of the People in Health seeming impossible to continue, where such great Numbers were brought to dwell in small Rooms. Whereof a great Part were very poor, and such as must live of begging, or worse means: and they heaped up together, and in a sort smothered with many Families of Children and Servants in one House. And the Plague or popular Sickness, when that might happen in the City, would [by the Contiguity of the Buildings] spread and invade the whole City and Confines: and so endanger the Queen's own Life, and the spreading of a Mortality over the whole Nation.

Therefore the Queen to prevent this, and moved hereunto by the Lord Maior and Aldermen, and other grave and wise Men in and about the City, commanded all Persons to desist and forbear from any new Buildings within three Miles from any of the Gates of the City: And to forbear from letting or setting, or suffering any more Families than one only, to be placed in any House. And She charged the Lord Maior, and all other Officers having Authority in the same, Justices of Peace, Lords and Bailiffs of Liberties, not being within the Jurisdiction of the Lord Maior; to foresee that no Person began to prepare any Foundation for any new House; and to be prohibited and restrained so to do. But that the Person attempting the contrary, and all the Workmen, be committed to close Prison; there to remain without Bail, until they found good Sureties, that they shall not at any time attempt the like: And to seize all manner of Stuff brought to the Place, where such Building shall be intended. And for the preventing this, none were to receive Inmates.

The whole Proclamation was as followeth.