Borough of Southwark. St. Olaves. 23

Borough of Southwark. St. Olaves.

Years.Donors.Gift per an.
1642.Edmund Turvel,500
1643.Francis Tirrel five Chaldron of Sea Coal.
1651.John Read, during 39 Years,400
1656.Jer. Blackman, Esq;1000
1656.Andrew Carter, Esq;5000
1656.Roger Harie Yong,400
1661.William Hoskins,200
1663.George Mussen,200
1668.Matthew Clark,1100
1668.Edward Walcot of London Bridge, Haber-
dasher, the Moiety of 37l. 10s.
1669.John Seton,300
1670.Captain John Man,1000
1677.Tho. Morgan1100
1677.George Meggot 50l. to put forth a poor Child
of this Parish Apprentice, yearly,
1679.Jacob May, 25l. to pay
To be given to twelve poor Widows of this Parish, yearly.
1679.William Fitzhugh, 30l. to pay to sixteen
aged Poor of this Parish two Shill. a piece.
1682/3.Francis Wilkinson, to buy Bread for the Poor,1100
1686.Tho. Haines gave 25l. to pay in Easter Week,
among poor Widows of the Parish,
1694.Anthony Rawlins, Esq; gave 50l. to put out
Apprentice yeerly a Child of a Dyer of this
Parish, whose Parents shall be poor, and
not receive Alms of the Parish,
1694.Dorothy Rawlins, Widow of the aforesaid Anthony, gave to the Governors of the Free School of this Parish, 150l. for the use of
the said Free School.
1695.Elizabeth Bousinne, Widow, one of the
Daughters of Sir George Meggot, gave, to put
out Apprentice yearly, a Child of such poor
Widows of this Parish, who do not receive
Pension or Alms of the Parish.

The Names of those who gave Monies for buying a Stock of Coals for the Poor of the Parish.


1602.Robert Rogers,30l.
1633.Sir John Fenner,50l.
1633.Robert Couledge,10l.
1640.Henry Woodfal,20l.
1650.Michael Harding,20l.
1653.Henry Toope,10l.
1659.Richard Briant,10l.

There is a very good Parsonage House situate in the Churchyard; on which much Cost hath lately been bestowed (to improve and adorn it) by the late Rector, the Reverend Dr. Hazelwood.

Parsonage House.

There is also a Free School belonging to this Parish, founded in Queen Elizabeth's Days, and She reckoned the Foundress: 'Tis amply endowed, situate in a Lane over against the Church. It hath divers Governors, chosen out of the Inhabitants of the Parish. Several Masters are appointed over the poor Children of the Parish which are here to be taught, without any Number assigned. A chief Master, who lately was the Rev. Mr. Joseph Dunstar, his Salary is 60l. per Ann. An Usher, who is allowed 30l. per Ann. A Writing Master, who is allowed 50l. per Ann. This Writing Master hath an Usher assistant to him, whom he pays himself. And, lastly, a Reading Master; to teach English: His Salary is 20l. per Ann. The School consists of three large School Rooms; and contains a great number of Youth, according to the Populousness and Largeness of the Parish.]

Free School.

Over against this Parish Church, on the South side the Street, was sometime one great House, builded of Stone, with arched Gates, which pertained to the Prior of Lewis in Sussex, and was his Lodging when he came to London: It is now a common Hostery for Travellers, and hath to Sign, the Walnut Tree.

Prior of Lewis his House.

Then East from the said Parish Church of St. Olave, is a Key. In the Year 1330, by the License of Simon Swanlend, Maior of London, it was builded by Isabel, Widow to Hamond Goodcheape. And next thereunto was then a great House of Stone and Timber, belonging to the Abbot of St. Augustin, without the Walls of Canterbury, which was an ancient piece of Work, and seemeth to be one of the first builded Houses on that side the River, over against the City: It was called the Abbots Inn of St. Augustine in Southwark; and was sometime holden of the Earls of Warren and Surrey, as appeareth by a Deed made 1281, which I have read, and may be Englished thus:

Abbot of Augustine's Inn.

W. Thorne.

To all to whom this present Writing shall come, John, Earl Warren, sendeth greeting. Know ye, that we have altogether remised and quite claimed for us and our Heirs for ever, to Nicholas, Abbot of St. Augustines of Canterbury, and the Covent of the same, and their Successors, Suit to our Court of Southwark, which they owe unto us, for all that Messuage and Houses builded thereon, and all their Appurtenances, which they have of our Fee in Southwark, situate upon the Thames, between the Bridgehouse and Church of St. Olave. And the said Messuage with the buildings thereon builded, and all their Appurtenances, to them and their Successors, we have granted in perpetual Alms to hold of us, and our Heirs for the same: saving the Service due to any other Persons, if any such be, then to us. And for this Remit and Grant, the said Abbot and Covent have given unto us five Shillings of Rent yearly in Southwark, and have received us and our Heirs in all Benefices, which shall be in their Church for ever.

This Suit of Court one William Graspeis was bound to do to the said Earl, for the said Messuage: and heretofore to acquit in all things, the Church of St. Augustine, against the said Earl.

This House of late time belonged to Sir Anthony Sentlegar, then to Warham Sentlegar, &c. And now is called Sentlegar House, but divided into sundry Tenements.

Sentlegar House.

Next is the Bridgehouse, so called, as being a Storehouse for Stone, Timber, or whatsoever pertaining to the building or repairing of London Bridge.


This House seemeth to have taken beginning, with the first founding of the Bridge, either of Stone or Timber: It is a large Plot of Ground on the Bank of the River Thames, containing divers large Buildings for stowage of things necessary towards the reparation of the said Bridge.

There are also divers Garners, for laying up of Wheat, and other Grainers for service of the City, as need requireth. Moreover, there be certain Ovens builded, in number ten; of which six be very large, the other four being but half so big. These were purposely made to bake out the Bread-Corn of the said Grainers, to the best advantage, for relief of the poor Citizens when need should require. Sir J. Throstone, Knight, sometime an Embroiderer; then Goldsmith, one of the Sheriffs, 1516, gave (by his Testament) towards the making of these Ovens, two hundred Pounds; which thing was performed by his Executors: Sir John Munday. Goldsmith, then being Maior.

Garners for Corn in the Bridgehouse.

Ovens in the Bridgehouse.

Concerning these Granaries and Ovens of the Bridghouse, there happened this Passage in the Year 1594, which was a Year of great Scarcity and Dearness of Bread-Corn. And Wheat and Rye were brought in from Foreign Parts, for the Supply

In a Dearth Anno 1594. Corn appointed to be laid up in the Bridgehouse by the Companies

J. S.