Bridge Ward without. S. Thomas Hospital. 20

Bridge Ward without. S. Thomas Hospital.

Bastinadoes in their Hands, beating the People. Whereof some past that way by chance, some came but to gaze, as the manner is. And afterwards drew their Swords, and several innocent Persons they slew. Whereby the Tumult was more incensed, and themselves endangered; but that help came to prevent further mischief.

The said Inhabitants of Southwark did complain further, that the said Marshals Men were very unneighbourly, and disdainful among them: refusing to pay Scot and Lot with them, or any other Duty to Church or Commonwealth. All this the Lord Maior signified to the Lord Treasurer; that so they might be admonished of their Behaviour, and to use more discretion in serving their Warrants.

The said Sir William Webb, Maior, apprehending great danger in the City, when these Apprentices and others, that made the Insurrection, should be punished, because it was generally thought and known, that the Marshal's Men gave the occasion; thought fit to write to the Lord Treasurer, and to move, that this Punishment should be done with an even hand, as well upon the Knight Marshal's Men, who incited these Multitudes, by their indiscreet and violent Behaviour, as upon this base and disorderly sort that mutinied against them. Which, in case it were not done, notwithstanding the great care they had, and meant to take, to keep all things in good order (wherein also he supposed, that the Magistrates of this City never had their People in better Obedience, than at that time they had) yet they were forced to be in some doubt, that this present Mischief would not be so thorowly abated as it were to be wished. Forasmuch as the popular sort (as the said Maior proceeded) which weighed not things by Reason and Discretion, would still look upon the first Beginnings and Provocations of this Tumult; which they supposed all to have proceeded from the Knight Marshal's Men: and upon such as were slain by them, whereof some were no Medlers, but Passers-by, by chance; and also upon the issue of the Punishment inflicted upon them, which notwithstanding would be most just, touching their own deserts, yet they would suppose the same to be partial, except the other Party were punished too.

The Maiors Letter to the L. Treasurer hereupon.

The Lord Maior had conferred with the Knight Marshall himself, whom he found to be of great Discretion and Moderation in this Matter. But it gave Offence, that his Men were committed to Prison, and bailed out; but the others were not, but continued in Prison.

John Pope, by his Will, dated 1437, gave to the Governors of the House of the poor Leprous, called Le Lokes, without St. George's Bar in Southwark, one annual Rent of Six Shillings and eight Pence, Sterling, de illis tresdecim Solidatis & 4 denariis, of Rent due to hIm; and that descended to him by hereditary Right, by the Death of Tho. Pope of Sherman, his Father, out of the Tenements and Shops formerly belonging to John Champeneys in Shetebone Lane, in the Parish of St. Mary Abchurch; which are situated in length between the Garden of Thomas S. Edmund on the West, and the little Lane towards the said Church on the East; and extend in breadth to the Tenements of John de Herford and John Joy, and the Garden of the sad Thomas S. Edmund on the West, unto Shetebone Lane toward the North, &c. to the Reparation and Maintenance of the said House of Lepers for ever.

The Loke without St. George's Bar.

Regist. Lond.

Sherborn Lane.

Those foresaid Tenements of the said John Champneys belonged to the Masters, Brethren and Sisters of the Hospital of St. Catharines near the Tower.]

St. Catharines.

From thence towards London Bridge, on the same side, be many fair Inns for receipt of Travel- lers, by these Signs, the Spur, Christopher, Bull, Queens Head, Tabard, George, Hart, Kings Head, &c. Amongst the which, the most ancient is the Tabard, so called of the Sign, which, as we now term it, is of a Jacket or sleeveless Coat, whole before, open on both sides, with a square Collar, winged at the Shoulders: a stately Garment of old time, commonly worn of Noblemen and others, both at home and abroad in the Wars; but then (to wit, in the Wars) their Arms embroidered, or otherwise depict upon them, that every Man by his Coat of Arms might be known from others. But now these Tabards are only worn by the Heralds, and be called their Coats of Arms in Service. For the Inn of the Tabard, Geoffrey Chaucer, Esq; the most famous Poet of England, in commendation thereof, in the Reign of Edward III. writeth thus:

Great Inns in Southwark.

The Tabard in Southwark.

The Tabard, what sort of Garment.

Geffery Chaucer.

It befel in that season, on a day,
In Southwark, at the Tabart as I lay,
Ready to wend on my Pilgrimage
To Canterbury, with full devout courage:
That Night was comen into the Hosterie
Well nine and twenty in a companie,
Of sundry folke, by adventure yfall
In fellowship, and Pilgrims were they all,
That toward Canterbury woulden ride:
The Stables and Chambers weren wide,
And well we were eased at the best, &c.

Within this Inn was also the Lodging of the Abbot of Hide (by the City of Winchester) a fair House for him and his Train, when he came to the City to Parliament, &c.

The Abbot of Hide his Lodging.

And then Theeves Lane by S Thomas his Hospital.

Theeves Lane.

St. THOMAS Hospital and Parish.


The Hospital of St. Thomas first founded by Richard, Prior of Bermondsey, in the Sellerers Ground, against the Wall of the Monastery, in the Year 1213. He named it the Almery, or House of Alms, for Converts and poor Children; for the which Ground the Prior ordained, that the Almoner should pay ten Shillings four Pence yearly to the Sellerer at Michaelmas.

Hospital of St. Thomas.

But Peter de Rupibus, Bishop of Winchester in the Year 1215. new founded the same again more fully for Canons Regular, in place of the first Hospital: He encreased the Rent thereof to three hundred forty four Pounds by the Year. Thus was this Hospital holden of the Prior and Abbot of Bermondsey, till the Year 1428. at which time a Composition was made between Thomas Thetford, Abbot of Bermondsey, and Nicholas Buckland, Master of the said Hospital of St. Thomas, for all the Lands and Tenements which were holden of the said Abbot and Covent in Southwark, or elsewhere, for the old Rent to be paid unto the said Abbot.

Li. S. Mary Overy.

S. Thomas Hospital the second time founded.

There be the MONUMENTS in this Hospital Church,


Of Sir Robert Chamber, Knight.
William Fiennes. Lord Saye.
Richard Chaunar, John Gloucester, Adam * Atwood, John Ward, Michael Cambridge, William West †, John Golding, Esquires.
John Benham, George Kirkes, Thomas Knighton †, Thomas Baker, Gentlemen.
Robert, Son to Sir Thomas Fleming.
Agnes, Wife to Sir Walter Dennis, Knight, Daughter and one of the Heirs of Sir Robert Danvers.
John Every, and William Every, Gentlemen.



//Knynton, First Edit.