Borough of Southwark. 5

Borough of Southwark.

liar Ordering, Rule and Governance of the said Borough and Town of Southwark, and of the Inhabitants thereof, and of all other the King's Liege People repairing to the same.

And that the said Alderman so especially elect and chosen, and from time to time, as the Cause should require thenceforth, to be elect and chosen for the Survey and Government of the said Borough, and the Inhabitants and other remaining in and to the same, should always be named and called the Alderman of Bridge Ward without, and by none other Name, for or concerning that Office, or Room, and should have the Care and Charge of the good Ordering and Government of the said Borough and Town of Southwark, and of the Inhabitants and People of and in the same, and of no other Place within the said City, by reason or colour of the said Room, as long as he should remain and stand Alderman of the said Ward, but as the residue of the said Aldermen of the said City be commonly charged: And therein to do and use himself, as other Aldermen within the Liberties of the said City were accustomed and used to do, in as much as the Laws and Statutes of this Realm would permit and suffer.

The Alderman of Bridge Ward without.

Yet nevertheless it was provided, and by the said Common-Council further ordained and enacted, That the said Sir John Ayliffe, Knight, should then be Aldermen of the said Ward: And that as well the same Sir John Ayliffe, as also all and every Person or Persons, that thenceforth should fortune to be Alderman of the same Ward, should have and enjoy like Prerogative, Liberty, and Benefit, to change and remove from the same Ward, and to accept and take at his and their free will and pleasure any such other Ward or Wards within the said City, as it should fortune him, or them, or any of them, to be thenceforth duly elect and chosen unto by the Inhabitants of the same other Ward, or Wards, or any of them in like manner and form, as the other Aldermen of the said City lawfully might, and commonly use to do: Any thing in the said recited Act to the contrary in any wise notwithstanding.

The Alderman to change from that Ward, as occasion served.

Nevertheless, at a Court of Aldermen holden on Tuesday the second of September, in the said fourth Year of the Reign of King Edward the Sixth, and in the time of the Maioralty of the said Sir Rowland Hill, it was ordered, That the Aldermen of Bridge Ward without, for the time being, should stand and remain Alderman of the same Ward three whole Years next after his Election, before he should be permitted to be removed to the Governance of any other Ward: Notwithstanding any former Law, Usage or Custom.

The Alderman of Bridge Ward without to continue so for the space of 3 Years, without removing.

But afterwards it seemeth, upon better Advice, that another Order should be taken in the election of the Alderman of the same Ward: For at a Common-Council holden in the Guild Hall in London, on the sixteenth Day of June, in the fourth and fifth Years of King Philip and Queen Mary, and in the time of the Maioralty of Sir Thomas Curtis, Knight, that said former Act made on the last Day of July, in the fourth Year of King Edward the Sixth, for so much thereof as did concern the Form and Order of the Election of the Alderman of the said Ward of Bridge Ward without, was utterly repealed. And then it was enacted, That from thenceforth the Alderman of the same Ward should always, at the time of vacation, or lack of an Alderman thereof, be elected and chosen by the Lord Maior and Aldermen of London, for the time being, at a full Court of Aldermen, by them to be holden in the Inner Chamber of the Guild Hall of the same City, in this manner, viz. That the Lord Maior and Aldermen should at their said full Court, amongst themselves, nominate four discreet and meet Citizens, being Freemen of London, either resident within the said Borough, or in London, or the Liberties thereof, to be put in election of Alderman of that Ward. And of the said four Persons so nominated, the said Lord Maior and Aldermen should by Scrutiny, according to their accustomed manner, elect one to be Alderman of the same Ward: which Alderman, so by them elected and sworn, should use and behave himself in all things, as by the residue of the former Act of Common Council, made the last Day of July, in the fourth Year of King Edward the Sixth was ordained and appointed.


Another Order for electing the Alderman of Bridge Ward without, in the time of K. Ph. and Q. Mary.

Thus having declared, by what means, and at what time the said Borough of Southwark was made and named one of the six and twenty Wards, now belonging to the City of London, I intend to proceed to the description of the several particular Places of the same Ward, and likewise of such Monuments of Antiquity as are to be found therein. [Hitherto Humphrey Dyson.]

This Borough being in the County of Surrey, consisteth of divers Streets, Ways, and winding Lanes, all full of Buildings Inhabited. And first, to begin at the West part thereof, over against the West Suburb of the City.

West Part of this Ward.

On the Bank of the River Thames, there is now a continual building of Tenements, about half a Mile in length to the Bridge.

Then from the Bridge, strait toward the South, a continual Street called Long Southwark, builded on both sides, with divers Lanes and Allies up to St. George's Church; and beyond it thorow Blackman street, towards Newton (or Newington.) The Liberties of which Borough extend almost to the Parish Church of Newtown aforesaid, distant one Mile from London Bridge; and also South West [a continual Building] almost to Lambeth, more than one Mile from the said Bridge.

Long Southwark.

Then from the Bridge along by the Thames Eastward, is St. Olaves street, having continual Building on both the Sides, with Lanes and Alleys up to Battel Bridge, to Horsedowne, and towards Rotherhithe: also some good half Mile in length from London Bridge.

The East Part: St. Olave'sstreet.

So that I account the whole continual Buildings on the Bank of the said River, from the West towards the East, to be more than a large Mile in length.

Then have ye from the entring towards the said Horsedown, one other continual Street, called Bermondseystreet. Which stretcheth South, likewise furnished with Buildings on both sides, almost half a Mile in length, up to the late dissolved Monastery of St. Saviour, called Bermondsey.


And from thance is one long Lane, (so called of its length) turning West to St. George's Church aforenamed. Out of the which Lane, namely, Long-Lane, breaketh one other Street towards the South and by East, and this is called Kentish street, for that it is the way leading into that Country: And so have you the Bounds of this Borough.

Long Lane.


The Antiquities most notable in this Borough are these. First, for Ecclesiastical, there was Bermondsey, an Abbey of black Monks; St. Mary Overies, a Priory of Canons Regular; St. Thomas, a College or Hospital for the Poor; and the Loke, a Lazar-house in Kentstreet. Parish Churches there have been six, whereof five do remain, viz. St. Mary Magdalen, in the Priory of St. Mary Overy: now the same St. Mary Overy is the Parish-Church for the said Mary Magdalen, and for St. Margaret on the Hill, and is called St. Saviour.

The Antiquities.

Religious Houses.

Parish Churches.