City of London.

Containing a particular Inspection into the Ward in the Borough of Southwark: As also the Suburbs of the City; And the Liberty of the Dutchy of Lancaster.


BRIDGE WARD WITHOUT, the 26th in Number, consisting of the Borough of Southwark, in the County of Surrey. How this came to be one of the Wards. King Edward's Grant of Southwark. Paris Garden, Christ's Church Parish. The Stews. The Bishop of Winchester's House. St. Mary Overie. St. Mary Magdalen. St. Margaret on the Hill. Southwark Place. St. George's Southwark. The Goals; White Lion; King's Bench; Marshalsea. St. Thomas's Hospital. St. Olaves. Abbot of St. Augustin's Inn. The Abby of Bermondsey. St. Mary Magdalen Bermondsey. This Borough farmed; Afterwards purchased of the Crown. The present State of this Ward.

HAVING treated of Wards in LONDON, on the North side the Thames (in number five and twenty) I am now to cross over the said River, into the Borough of SOUTHWARK. Which is also a Ward of London without the Walls, on the South side thereof, as is Portsoken on the East, and Faringdon extra on the West.

Bridge-Ward without.

It was anciently called the Village or Town of Southwark. And the City of London, from ancient Times, endeavoured to get this Place under its own Jurisdiction; finding a great Inconvenience by the Neighbourhood of it; Malefactors in London escaping thither out of the Reach of the Cognizance and Punishment of the City Magistrates. But how Matters stood in former Times between the City and Southwark, may in some measure be seen by these Passages, some three or four hundred Years ago.

The City anciently endeavours to get Southwark subject to it.

J. S.

The City of London came to have a Propriety in this Borough for many long Years past, by Petitioning the Parliament in the first Year of Edward III. Shewing the great Inconvenience and Mischief accruing to the Citizens of London by Malefactors, who did many lewd Deeds there, and then fled to Southwark, out of the Reach of the City's Officers, and so were secure. On this Reason the King granted the City a Charter for this Place; which was to this Tenor:

Anno 1327.

Edwardus Dei gratia, &c. i.e. "Edward by the Grace of God King of England, Lord of Ireland, and Duke of Aquitain, To all to whom the present Letters shall come, Greeting. Know ye, That whereas our beloved, the Citizens of the City of London, by their Petition before Us, and our Council, in our present Parliament, called together at Westminster, exhibited; have given Us to understand, that Felons, Robbers, and divers other Malefactors, and Disturbers of the Peace, who in the said City and elsewhere, have commited Murthers, Robberies, and divers other Felonies, departing secretly from the same City, after such Felonies committed, flee to the Village of Southwrek, and cannot there be attacked by the Ministers of the said City: And are there publickly received. So that they are made bolder by the defect of due Punishment, to commit such Felonies. And therefore have besought of Us, for the Preservation of our "

Carta de Southwerk.

E. Libr Custumar. Lond. int. Record. Camer.

The Grant of Southwark to the City.

Edw. 3.