[Present State Faringdon Ward without. of this Ward.]281

[Present State Faringdon Ward without. of this Ward.]

shall be there taken Notice of. On the West side of this Lane are these Allies, which fall into the Ditch side; viz. George Alley or Yard, an open Place, and unbuilt, except the George Brewhouse, and the end next this Lane, and that is but ordinary. Bear Alley, an indifferent open Place, and reasonably built and inhabited. On the South side of this Alley, is another small one, called Little Bear Alley, very ordinary. Goose Alley, indifferent good, but narrow. And against this Alley is a small Place, called Ford's Rents.

George Alley.

Bear Alley.

Little Bear Alley.

Goose Alley.

Ford's Rents.

Newcastle street, comes out of Seacoal lane, and falls into the Ditch side; a good open handsome Place, pretty well built.

Newcastle street.

Turnagain lane, hath a passsage out of the Town ditch into Snow hill; a pretty handsome Place, reasonably well built. At the end next toSnow hill, on the North side, is a Timber Yard. Crown Court, very small. And on the South side is Queens head Court, which is pretty good.

Turnagain lane.

Crown Court.

Queens head Court.

The Old Baily, of which there is the Great and the Little. The Great is an open Street, with good built Houses; and well inhabited by Tradesmen, and others; being a Place of good Resort, especially during the times of the Sessions or Goal Delivery of the Malefactors. Which Sessions is kept nine or ten times every Year, at Justice Hall, commonly called the Sessions House; as well for the City and Liberty thereof, as for the County of Middlesex.

Old Baily.

Justice Hall.

This Justice Hall, is a fair and Stately Building, very commodious for that Affair; having large Galleries on both sides or ends, for the reception of Spectators. The Court Room being advanced by Stone Steps from the Ground, with Rails and Banisters inclosed from the Yard before it. And the Bail Dock, which fronts the Court, where the Prisoners are kept until brought to their Trials, is also inclosed. Over the Court Room is a stately Dining Room, sustained by ten Stone Pillars; and over it a Platform leaded, with Rails and Banisters. There be fair Lodging Rooms, and other Conveniencies, on either side of the Court. It standeth backwards, so that it hath no Front towards the Street, only the Gateway leading into the Yard before the House, which is spacious. It cost above 6000l. the building. And in this Place the Lord Maior, Recorder, the Aldermen, and Justices of the Peace for the County of Middlesex, do sit, and keep his Majesty's Sessions of Oyer and Terminer, for the Trial of all Malefactors, for Treason, Murder, Felonies, Burglaries, and all other Riots and Offences, committed within the City of London and County of Middlesex.

This Court or Sessions, is holden, most commonly, some Days before, and after, every one of the four Terms; also once in the time of Lent, and once in the long Vacation, about Bartholomewtide.

The Sessions holden nine or ten times a Year.

Upon those Days, which the Sessions are held, which commonly lasts three Days, every Morning before the Court sits, the Prisoners are brought from Newgate, the Goal for such Offenders, to this Place; where there are two Places provided for them to be kept in, until they are called to their Trials; the one is for the Men, and the other for the Women. And at Night, when the Court breaks up or adjourns to another Day, the Prisoners are returned back to Newgate, under the Conduct of the Serjeants and their Yeomen, who are the Sheriffs Officers, and take their turns to attend the Court for that purpose.

The Lord Maior is chief Judge of this Court, but assisted by the Recorder of the City, and oft times the Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench, and some other of the Judges, upon Matters of High Treason.

Concerning what more may be said concerning Trials, I refer the Reader to the Chapter of the Courts of Judicature.

Book V. Ch.

The East side of the Old Baily runneth down by the City Wall, upon the Ditch, called Houndsditch, from Ludgate to Newgate. About the middle of the great Street, on this side, is Ball's Court, which is but small. Also Red Cross Court, which is pretty good. On the West side of this Street of the Old Baily, from the corner of Ludgate hill, to Fleet lane, are these Places: Viz. Ship Court, but small. Prideaux Court, large, with good Houses on the West side, having an entrance into it, fit for Coach or Cart. Black and White Court, a good large and open Place, with handsome Buildings, at the upper end of which is Checker Yard, taken up for Stablings and Coach Houses. Out of this Court is a passage into Fleet lane.

Ball's Court.

Red Cross Court.

Ship Court.

Prideaux Court.

Black and White Court.

Checker Yard.

Northwards from Fleet lane, and the Sessions House, there is a large Pile of Buldings, like unto a Wedge, being broad in Newgate street, and so running taper wise almost to a Point, against the Sessions House, and formeth two Streets; that on the West side bearing the Name of the Little Old Baily: In which are these Places of Name. Viz. Deans Court, long and narrow, with a Freestone Pavement. Brown's Court, long, narrow, and ordinary. Ellis Court, pretty large, well built and inhabited, having a Freestone Pavement, and Rows of Trees before the Houses; which is very Ornamental to the Court in Summer. Bishops Court, a good large Place, pretty well inhabited; and hath a passage down Steps into Seacoal lane. Green Arbour; at the upper end is a very good Square, with reasonable good Houses, and Inhabitants answerable. Out of this Court is also a passage down Steps into Seacoal lane. And out of this Court is another passage into Angel Court, seated on Snow hill, against the Sarazen's head Inn; being a very handsome Place, having at the upper end a very good large House, with a Garden before it; late made use of for the Farthing Office. St. Dunstan's Court, seated betwixt Bishops Court and Ellis Court.

Little Old Baily.

Deans Court.

Brown's Court.

Ellis Court.

Bishops Court.

Green Arbour.

Angel Court.

The Farthing Office.

St. Dunstan's Court.

Now back to the West Part of Fleetstreet, on the North side, is Chancery lane, a Street of a very great Resort, and well inhabited by Tradesmen, in the Part next Fleetstreet; and in that Part next to Holbourn, (into which it falleth) by Lawyers, and those depending on them. And the rather, for that in this Lane is Lincoln's Inn, Serjeants Inn, the Rolls, the Examiners Office within the Rolls Yard, the Six Clerks Office, (to which belong Twelve Masters in Chancery, and Six Clerks,) Symond's Inn, where the Register's Office for the Court of Chancery is kept; the Cursitors Office, the Office for the Masters in Chancery, &c. All which Places are out of the City Liberty, except Serjeants Inn, which is an antient Building, and very much decayed. Opposite to this Inn is Crown Court, a pretty square Place, but the Buildings old. The City Liberty goeth not much further.

Chancery lane.

Places and O fices relating to the Law, kept here.

Serjeants Inn.

Crown Court.

Next on this North side, is Fetter lane. For the generality, the Houses here are good, and well inhabited. It runneth Northwards from Fleetstreet into Holbourn: Of this Lane the middle Part is the best. In this Lane are these Places: Bond's Stables, a large Yard, with

Fetter lane.