[St. Andrews Holbourn.] Faringdon Ward without. [Bounds of this Parish.]252

[St. Andrews Holbourn.] Faringdon Ward without. [Bounds of this Parish.]

As to the Description of the Streets and Places of Name in the Parish, I shall begin with the Names of such Places as are within the Freedom: And then with those Places in Holbourn which are out of the Freedom, as Ely House, Furnivals Inn, Brook Street and Market, and Staples Inn. Then on to High Holbourn, and the Alleys, Courts and Places of Name on both Side; as Southampton Buildings, and Chancery lane: Next, to Red Lion Fields, as the Square and Street, which it receiveth; Red Lion street, Bedford Row, with the Courts and Places therein. Then to Gray's Inn lane, and the several Courts; Baldwin's Gardens, Perpole lane, Liquorpond street, and the adjacent Places. Next, to Leather lane, Hatton Wall, Vine street, Hockney hole, and the several adjacent Places. Then to Hatton Garden, with the Streets and Places therein; and so conclude with Saffron hill and Field lane, taking in all the Courts and Alleys on both sides; and of these in Order.

Streets and Places.

The Part within the Freedom of the City, is Holbourn hill, which beginneth at Holbourn Bridge, and runneth Westward unto the Bars: except Staple Inn. And taketh in on the South side, all Castle Yard, with the East end of Cursitors Alley. Likewise the North end of Fetter lane, a little Southward of Dean street, and so into Holbourn. Likewise the North Part of Shoe lane, almost form New street unto Holbourn, by St. Andrews Church. And on the North side of Holbourn, almost all Field lane, with the Courts &c. up to the Bars; except Ely House, Hatton Garden, Leather lane, Furnivals Inn, Brook Street and Market; which said Places are in the County, as appears by the prick'd Lines in the Map. And as for the Courts, &c. within the Freedom, I shall only name them, referring the Reader to Faringdon Ward without, where they are treated of.

Parts in the Freedom of London.

I shall begin at Holbourn Bridge, and so run Westward to the Bars. And then the first is Horn, or Horners Alley, the Bull head Tavern, Plumtree Court, St. Andrew's Church, St Andrew's Court, Thavies Inn, Bartlets Court and Buildings, Kings head Court, Bernards Inn, Castle Yard, and White's Alley. Then on the North side, beginning at the Bars, are these Places. Warton's Court, Ely Court, Scroop's Court, Sutton Court, Plough Yard, and Cock Yard, near the Bridge. The Courts and Allies in that part of Shoe lane which are in this Parish, are Well Alley, Plumbtree Court, Molin's Rents, Spectacle Rents, Cockpit Court, Eagle and Child Alley, Brewers Yard, and Robin Hood Court. In the part of Fetter lane, which is is in this Parish, are Dean street, Churchyard Alley, Plough Yard, Horseshoe Alley, Blewit's Court, Magpie Yard and Inn, Bernard's Inn, the Passage into Bartlet's Buildings, and Kings head Court. Then Castle Yard, with part of Cursitor's Alley, and Duck's Court.

That which remaineth to be treated of in Holbourn, as being in the County, are Ely House, Furnival's Inn, Brook Street and Market, with Staple Inn. But first of the Street it self.

Holbourn, or Holbourn hill, so called from its ascent from Holbourn Bridge; a very spatious Street, well built and inhabited by Tradesmen; as being a Place of so great a Resort for Stage Coaches and Wagons; as also by Gentry, and others, that come to Town, induced thereunto, from the Accommodation of the several Inns, not only in this Part, but likewise in High Holbourn; besides the several Inns of Chancery here seated, are no small Advantage to the Place.

Holborn hill.

Ely House, formerly called Ely's Inn. This House is, at present, a very old Building, and stands upon a large piece of Ground; having a spacious Hall, a good Chappel, and several large Rooms; but an old Fashion Building, with a spacious Yard or Court before it, and a large Ground for Gardening, behind it; which, for want of a Gardiner's keeping, lay in a rude Condition. And were this Ground improved by Buiding, it would bring in a great Revenue to the Episcopal See; besides a good House for his City abode. The present Possessor thereof, is the very Learned and Right Reverend Dr. William Fleetwood, now Lord Bishop of Ely.

Ely House.

Furnival's Inn, seated betwixt Brook street and Leather lane, one of the Inns of Chancery; at present a very handsome Building. It hath a large Court before it, and a handsome Garden behind.

Furnival's Inn.

Staple Inn, another of the Inns of Chancery, seated on the South side, adjoining to Holbourn Bars within, but yet is out of the Freedom as aforesaid. This is a very large and handsome Inn, with a large Court Yard, surrounded with Buildings, and a handsome Gardem behind it; which lying open, admits of a good Air.

Staple Inn.

Brook Buildings, raised out of a large House and Garden belonging to the Lord Brooks, and built into Streets: Viz. Brook street, Grevile street, Beauchamp street, and Doddington street.

Brook Buildings.

Brook street is the best, being a good handsome long Street, with new built Houses, well inhabited. It comes out of Holbourn, and runs Northwards into Doddington street. Betwixt which, and Beauchamp street, is Brook Market, a good large and convenient Place, with Shambles, a Market House, and Stalls, &c. for that Use; but is of small Resort, as to the Market, but the Shambles is pretty well served with Meat.

Brook Street.

Brook Market.

On the West side of this Street, is a passage into Gray's Inn lane, through Fox Court; as also through Bell Court.

Grevile street comes out of Brook street, and falls into Leather lane; the like doth Beauchamp street, and Doddington street. All which said Streets, are graced with good new Brick Buildings, well inhabited.

Grevile street.

Beauchamp street.

Doddington street.

High Holbourn, a very spacious Street, replenished with good Buildings, and well inhabited, chiefly by Tradesmen. This part of Holbourn begins at the Bars, and runs Westwards into St. Giles's; but not all in this Parish, as before noted.

High Holbourn.

For the Description of the Places in this Street, I shall begin on the South side, next the Bars, and so run Westward; and then proceed to those on the North side. And according to this Method, the first Place to be taken Notice of, is Middle Row; so called, as being a parcel of Buildings raised up in the middle of the Street, next the Bars, and reacheth to the Kings head Tavern; but more to the Southward of the Street, making but a narrow passage betwixt the Houses on the South side, and this Middle Row: Which said Passage hath a Freestone Pavement, and is a Place of a very good Trade for Retailers, as Comb Makers, Cutlers, Brokers, &c. And the Houses, since the Rebuilding, are good. But this Row of Buildings takes off much of the prospect of this Street into Holbourn hill. On the South side of this Row, is Tennis Court Alley, very ordinary; and so called from the Tennis Court adjoining. A little more Westward, is the Kings head Tavern, which gives a passage into Northumberland Court.

Middle Row.

Tennis Court Alley.