[Darby House.] Castle Baynard Ward. [St. Mary Magdalene.]225

[Darby House.] Castle Baynard Ward. [St. Mary Magdalene.]

was his abiding House when he came to London. Thomas Randolph, Esq; hath lately augmented and repaired it.

This House came afterwards to the Possession of Sir Michael Hicks, Kt. Secretary to the Lord Treasurer Burghley; and still is in his Family. But since the great Fire, it was built into two fair Tenements, by Sir Will. Hicks, Bart. one whereof was lately possess'd and inhabited by Sir Michael Hicks, Kt. deceased; and the other belonging to Sir Harry Hicks, Bart. after the Death of his Mother, the Lady Hicks, Widow of Sir Will. Hicks, Kt. and Bart. Son of Sir William abovesaid.]

J. S.

At the upper end of this Lane, towards the North, the corner Houses there be called Peter Key, but the Reason thereof I have not heard.

Peters Key.

Then is Pauls Wharf Hill, on the East side whereof is Woodmongers Hall.

Pauls Wharf Hill.

Woodmongers Hall.

And next adjoining is [Garter House, so called of the Office there kept by Garter King of Heralds, and other Heralds. Called also] Darby House, sometime belonging to the Stanleys. For Thomas Stanley, first Earl of Darby of that Name, married the Lady Margaret, Countess of Richmond, Mother to Henry VII. in his time builded it.

First Edir.

Queen Mary gave it to Gilbert Dethick, then Garter, Principal King of Arms of Englishmen, Thomas Hauley, Clarentieux, King of Arms of the South Parts; William Harvy, alias Norroy, King of Arms of the North Parts; and the other Heralds and Pursevants of Arms, and to their Successors, all the Capital Messuage or House, called Darby House, with the Appurtenances situate in the Parish of St. Benet and St. Peter; then being in the tenure of Sir Richard Sackvile, Kt. and lately parcel of the Lands of Edward Earl of Darby, &c. To the end that the said Kings of Arms, Heralds, and Pursevants of Arms, and their Successors, might (at their liking) dwell together; and at meet times to congregate, speak, confer, and agree among themselves, for the good government of their Faculty, and their Records might be more safely kept, &c. Dated the 18th day of July, 1555. Philip and Mary the first and third Year.

Darby House.

I have the Copy of the said Patent delivered me by Hum. Dyson. A. M.

Then higher up, near the South Chain of Pauls Churchyard, is the Powl head Tavern. Which House, with the Appurtenances, was of old time called Pauls Brewhouse, for that the same was so imployed; but being since left off, and letten out.

Pauls Brewhouse, or Powl head Tavern.

In the 38th of Henry III. one Will. Hilary watched the going out of John de Codington, Clerk, being then in Bracina Sti Pauli in Warda Barnard Castle. When the said John was gone out, presently the said William made an Insult upon him. And as a Clerk Convict, he was delivered to the Bishop. This Clerk was fled thither, it seems, for Santuary. The Churches very Brewhouse was Sanctuary.]

Antiq. Inquisit. de Lond. in Scaccar.

J. S.

On the West side of this Street, is one other great House builded of Stone, which belongeth to Pauls Church; and was sometime letten to the Blunts, Lord Mountjoy, but of later time to a College in Cambridge *. And from them to the Doctors of the Civil Law and Arches, who keep a Commons there; and many of them being there lodged, it is called the Doctors Commons *.

*Viz. Trinity Hall.

*See more of this in the Chapter of Colleges. First Book.

Doctors Commons.

Formerly, in the Dining Chamber, were the Coats of Arms of divers of the eminent Doctors and others. As of Thomas Yale. LL.D. Matthew Carew. Denny; whose Bearing was three Coats. The first Gules, a Salteir Arg. with twelve Crosses patee, Or. Saye, Judge of the Prerogative Court. He bore five Shields. And divers other Coats without Names.]

MSS. Hutt. in Offic. Armor.

J. S.

Above this, on the same side, was one other great Building over against Pauls Brewhouse; and this was called Pauls Bakehouse, and was imployed in baking of Bread for the Church of Pauls.

Pauls Bakehouse.

Upon Pauls Wharf Hill, within a great Gate, and belonging to that Gate next to the Doctors Commons, are many fair Tenements; which in their Leases made from the Dean and Chapter, go by Name or Title of Camera DIANÆ. i.e. Diana's Chamber. So denominated from a spacious Building, that in the Time of Henry II. stood where they now are standing. In this Camera, or arched and vaulted Structure, full of intricate Ways and Windings, this Henry II. (as sometime he did at Woodstock) kept, (or was supposed to have kept) that Jewel of his Heart, fair ROSAMUND: She, whom there he called Rosa mundi; and here, by the Name of Diana. And from hence had this House that Title.

Camera Diana.


To this Day are Remains, and some evident testifications of tedious Turnings and Windings; as also of a Passage under Ground, from this House to Castle Baynard. Which was, no doubt, the King's way from thence to his Camera Dianæ, or Chamber of his Brightest Diana.]

In Addle street, or lane, I find no Monuments.

Addle street.

In Lambart hill lane, on the West side thereof, is the Blacksmiths Hall; and adjoining to the North side thereof, have ye one plot of Ground, inclosed with a Brick Wall, for a Churchyard, or burying Plot, for the Dead of St. Mary Magdalens by Old Fishstreet. Which was given to that Use by John Iwarby, an Officer in the Receipt of the Exchequer, in the 26th of King Henry VI. as appeareth by Patent.


Blacksmiths Hall.

Churchyard of St. Mary Magdalen.

John Iwarby, &c. gave a piece of Land lying void in the Parish of St. Mary Magdalen, nigh to Old Fishstreet; between the Tenement of John Phipot, on the South, and the Tenement of Bartholomew Burwash, on the West; and the Tenement pertaining to the Covent of the Holy Well on the North, and the way upon Lambarts Hill, on the East, for a Churchyard to the Parson, Churchwardens, &c.

The Parish Church of St. MARY MAGDALENE Old Fishstreet.


Over against the North-west end of this Lambart hill lane, in Knightriders street, is the Parish Church of St. Mary Magdalen, a small Church, having but few Monuments.

St. Mary Magdalen.

This Church was repaired and beautified at the Charge of the Parish, in the Year of our Lord 1630.



Richard Hubbard,
John Blew.

The Charge of it amounting to 140l.]

This Church was burnt down, and rebuilt, now a fair lightsome Church, built without Pillars.]

New built.

J. S.



Richard Woodroffe, Merchant Taylor, 1519.