[Customs of Queen Hith Ward. Queen Hith]215

[Customs of Queen Hith Ward. Queen Hith]

Customs were as well to be observed in the part of Downgate, as in Queen Hith, for the King's Use. When also it was found, that the Corn arriving between the Gate of Guild Hall of the Merchants of Coleyne, and the Soke of the Archbishop of Canterbury (for he had a House near unto Black Friers) was not to be measured by any other Quarter, than by that of the Queens Soke.

Liberty of the Queens Hith from the Steelyard to the Black Friers.

After this, the Bailiffs of the said Hith complained, that since the said Recognition, fourteen foreign Ships, laden with Fish, arrived at Belinsgate, which Ships should have arrived at the said Hith. And therefore it was ordered, that if any foreign Ship, laden with Fish, should in form aforesaid arive elsewhere than at this Hith, it should be at the King's Pleasure to amerce them at 40s. Notwithstanding, the Ships of the Citizens of London were at liberty to arrive where the Owners would appoint them.

Soke is Court.

All this Inquisition before the King's Justices Itinerants, 28 Hen. III. concerning Queen Hith, being set down very imperfectly and obscurely, I shall here more fully and exactly relate it, as it stands in the Books of the Chamber.

The Inquisition concerning Queen Hith

28 Hen. 3. Lib. Horn. fol. 342. 6.

J. S.

"Dominus Rex mandavit, &c. i.e. Our Lord the King, (Henry III.) commanded Lord William de Eboraco, Provost of Beverly, and Henry of Bath, and Jeremiah de Caxton, his Fellow Justices Itinerants at the Tower of London, in the 28th Year of the Reign of the said Henry, Son of King John, that with all diligence, and by all the ways they could, they cause Inquiry to be made, what Customs belonged to the Queen's Heth, London; the Year next before the War moved between the Lord John, his Father, and his Barons of England. And when it shall appear to them concerning those Customs, and others, which belonged to the aforesaid Heth, and which were afterwards changed and alienated, they labour with all Solicitude and Carefulness they can, to reform the said Heth to its due State. And that the Customs in the same be held, which was wont to be held in the Time foresaid."

"Before which Provost and Justices it was convicted by the Maior and Aldermen of the City, that in the Time aforesaid were three Customs belonging to the foresaid Heth; to wit:"

" Of every Sieve * (that is a Measure containing five Quarters) of Salt, that shall belong to a Man that is a Foreigner, or to any one of the five Ports, and shall land and come, whatsoever it be within Woreparth, and Anedehethe, or beyond, 2d. at the Farm of the said Heth."


Memorand. That Werepath, or Worepath, is in East part of the Flete of Barking, about seven Miles from London; and Anedeheth is near Westminster on the West Part of London.

" Also, if any Citizen of London, have part in the same Sieve of Salt, he shall give nothing of his Portion: But the Residue that belongs to Strangers, shall give Custom according to the quantity of his Ware."

" Also, if any bring from abroad, Herring, Corn, or such like, together with Salt, in one Ship, it hath been lawful for the Queen's Bailiff to take a part of the foresaid Catals."

" Also, if any from abroad, and also from the five Ports, come with Salmon, if he shall bring an Hundred, or more, he shall give two Salmons to the Queen's Farm."

" And if he shall land them in the Queen's Soke, he shall give one of the best, and one of the middling Sort."

" And if he shall bring less than an Hundred, he shall give according to the Quantity of the Thing, to the fourth Part."

" And if he shall bring less than the fourth Part, he shall give nothing but Standage."

" Also, of Salt Milvel, [a kind of Fish] the same Custom is to be taken at the Queen's Farm in the same Soke, which the Sheriff takes for the King's Use at Bilinsgate."

" Also, if a Stranger, and also any for the five Ports, shall bring in his Ship White Herring salted, in the Queen's Soke, One hundred is to be taken out of the Ship. And if any of the Citizens have a part with him, nothing to be taken from his Portion."

" Also, whatsoever Stranger brings the first Red Herring, not frailed, he shall give an Hundred Herrings. And others who shall come with the same kind of Herrings, whether they are frailed or not, shall give nothing through the whole Year, beside the Standage of the Ship."

" Also, if any Foreigner shall buy Salmon or Mulvel, salted in the Ship, and shall put it into another Ship; for every Thousand he shall give an Halfpeny."

" Also, concerning Salmon and Mulvel bought in Shops, situate in the same Soke, of every Hundred is to be taken 2d. as was before said concerning the Ships."

" Also, of Herrings bought in Shops, of every Thousand is to be taken an Halfpeny."

" Also, of every kind of Fresh Fish, coming in the Queen's Soke, the same Custom is to be taken, which is taken of the same kind of Fish, at the Queen's Farm at London Bridge."

" Also, of every Ship that faileth within Orlokes, is to be taken 2d. at the Queen's Farm; unless it be of London, or of the five Ports."

" Also, of a Ship which faileth with Toll *, is to be taken an Halfpeny."

*Cum Tholl.

" Also, of every Shout coming down in the Queen's Soke with Corn, to be taken 1d. ob. But if with Wood, without Corn, 1d."

" All Customs before written, are to be kept and held as well in the Port of Donegate, as Queen Hith, for the Lord the King's Use."

" Also, Corn which landeth between the Gutter of the Guild Hall of the Men of Colen, and the Archbishop of Canterbury's Soke, [i.e. near Black Friers] is not wont to be measured by another Quartern, than by the Quartern of the Queen's Soke."

" Also, it belongeth to the Queen's Bailiff, to take Scawyng in Selda Wynton, for the Queen's Use; under the same Form, as the Sheriff of London takes Scawynge elsewhere in London, for the King's Use."

" Also, if any withdraw his Custom, and depart from the City with the same Custom, he falls into the Mercy of the Bailiff."

" Also, if any offer to pay his Custom to the Bailiff, or his Servant, and they will not take it, although he depart from the City, he is not to be amerced."

" Also, all Assizes of the City, in the Hustings, provided and ordained for the Amendmenr of the City, are to be ordained and observed in the Queen's Soke. And therefore it is a Custom, that the Lord the King have his Seizin of all the foresaid Customs, according as it is acknowledged by the same Maior and Citizens."

" Afterwards came the Bailiffs of the same Heth and complained, that after the foresaid Acknowledgment, fourteen foreign Ships "