[Present State Faringdon Ward within. of this Ward.]195

[Present State Faringdon Ward within. of this Ward.]

which it hath an entrance, falls into Bull and Mouth street, which leadeth to St. Martins le Grand, but this is in Aldersgate Ward.

Bull and Mouth street.

Out of this Lane is another passage into Angel street, an indifferent Place, and is but part in this Ward. Over against Christ Church, is Crow Court, which is but small. Near unto this Lane is the Bagnio, a neat contrived Building after the Turkish Mode, for that purpose; seated in a large handsome Yard, and at the upper end of Pincock lane, which is indifferent well built and inhabited. This Bagnio is much resorted unto for Sweating, being found good for Aches, &c. and approved of by our Physicians.

Angel street.

Crow Court.

The Bagnio.

Pincock lane.

On the North side of the Shambles was Pentecost lane. Here was antiently a Church and Churchyard, afterwards a large Square; and is now called Bull head Court; which is pretty well inhabited and built.

Pentecost lane.

Bull head Court.

Christ's Church was consumed in the Conflagration of the City. And that Part called The New Church, which was made use of before, is rebuilt very handsome, at the Charges of the Parishioners of this Parish, and St. Leonard Foster lane, which is united to it.

Christ Church.

Adjoining to this Church and Hospital, is a Court, which retaineth the Name of the Grey Friers Court: a pretty large Place, having a passage into the said Hospital, and another into Newgate street. And this Hospital gives a passage out of Newgate street, through the Cloysters and Long Walk, into St. Bartholomew's Hospital, and so into Smithfield; being a great Thoroughfare all the Day long: But a Nights the Hospital Gates are shut up, as well to this passage, as the Town Ditch, which leadeth to Little Britain.

Gray Friers Court.

Newgate Market before the late dreadful Fire of London, was kept in Newgate street; where there was a Market-house only for Meal, and a middle Row of Sheds, which afterwards were converted into Houses, and inhabited by Butchers, Tripe-sellers, &c. And the Country People which brought Provisions to the City, were forced to stand with their Stalls in the open Street; to the Damage of their Goods, and Danger of their Persons, by the Coaches, Carts, Horses, and Cattle, that passed through the Street. But since the nominating of convenient Places in the City for publick Markets, by Act of Parliament, which appoints the Lord Maior, Aldermen, and Commoners, to appoint proper Places, they have found out a most convenient Place for this Market, and near adjoining; being situate between Newgate street on the North, and Pater noster Row on the South; and betwee Warwick lane on the West, and Ivy lane on the East. The greatest part of which Market is in this Ward, and the other part in Castle Baynards Ward.

Newgate Market.

The Market-place is a square piece of Ground, which is incompassed with fair Houses, built according to the second Rate of Building. In the middle of the Market-place, which is 148 Foot broad from North to South, and 194 Foot long from East to West, there is erected a spacious Market-house, in form of a Cross, standing upon Twenty four Pillars or Columns, and ascended up into the Market-house, by two or three broad stone Steps at all the Entrances. Under this Market-house are Vaults or Cellars; and over it several Rooms, for the stowage of the Fruiterers, and other Goods, in the Night; and over all a fair Cupulo, or Bell Tower. This Market-house is made use of for Fruit, Herbs, &c. And round about it, at a convenient distance, are Stalls for Butchers; as are Stalls also by the sides of the Houses, for Butchers and Poulterers. This Market is very well served with all Sorts of Butchers Meat, and Poulterers Ware; also with Fruit, Herbs, Butter, Eggs, &c. The passages into this Market, are out of Newgate street through Rose Street, which is broad, but short; well built, and inhabited by Butchers and Fishmongers. Another out of Warwick lane, through White Hart street, but short also; inhabited by the like Tradesmen. Another out of Pater noster Row, through a short Alley. And two others out of Ivy lane. As to the Laws for the well ordering of this, and the rest of the Markets in London, they are set down in the Chapter of the Civil and Temporal Government of this City.

The Market Place.

Rose street.

White Hart street.

More Eastward from this Market, and in Newgate street, is Swan Alley, which is but ordinary. Three Cup Court, pretty small; at the upper of which is a passage into Pater-noster Row, through the King's Arms Tavern. Kings Head Court, very small and ordinary.

Swan Alley.

Three Cup Court.

Kings head Court

Pater noster Row. This Street, before the Fire of London, was taken up by eminent Mercers, Silk-men, and Lacemen; and their Shops were so resorted unto by the Nobility and Gentry, in their Coaches, that oft times the Street was so stop'd up, that there was no passage for Foot Passengers. But since the said Fire, those eminent Tradesmen have settled themselves in several other Parts; especially in Covent Garden, in Bedford street, Henrietta street, and King street. And the Inhabitants in this Street are now a mixture of Trades People, and chiefly Tire-Women; for the Sale of Commodes, Topknots, and the like Dressings for the Females. There are also many Shops of Mercers and Silk-men; and at the upper end some Stationers, and large Warehouses for Booksellers; well situated for learned and studious Mens access thither; being more retired and private.

Pater noster Row.

This Street begins East at Cheapside, and runneth up to Amen Corner; from which it is severed by Warwick lane and Ave Mary lane. And of all the Streets in the whole City, there is none to compare to it for handsome Signs, and uniformly hung. This Street hath a passage into these Places: On the South side, a small Alley which leads to the West end of St. Pauls, through London house Yard; where formerly the Bishops of London had their House or Palace. Pauls Alley, a Place of small Trade, and very narrow, and falleth on the North side of St. Pauls; and about the middle divideth it self into two parts, the one running strait South, and the other Westwards. On the East side is a passage into Petty Canons, indifferent large, and now converted into Buildings; having at the upper part or end, a passage into Paul's Churchyard, near Petty Canons Alley, which is a good open Place, with a Free-stone Pavement leading into Pater noster Row.

Pauls Alley.

Petty Canons.

Petty Canons Alley.

Then on the North side of this Pater-noster Row, next to Warwick lane, is Meermaid Court, a pretty handsome Place, with a Free-stone Pavement. Next is the passage into Newgate Market.

Meermaid Court.