[St. Ewins Church.] Faringdon Ward within. [Present State.]193

[St. Ewins Church.] Faringdon Ward within. [Present State.]

Next is Ivy lane, so called of Ivy growing on the Walls of the Prebend Houses; but now the Lane is replenished on both the Sides with fair Houses; and divers Offices have been there kept by Registers; namely, for the Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Probate of Wills (which is now removed into Warwick lane) and for the Lord Teasurer's Remembrance of the Exchequer, &c.

Ivy lane.

Alms Houses.

First Edit.

This Lane runneth North, to the West end of St. Nicolas Shambles. Of old time here was one great House, sometimes belonging to the Earls of Britain; since that, to the Lovels, and was called Lovel's Inn. For Mathild, Wife to John Lovel, held it in the 1st of Henry VI.

Lovels Inn.

Then is Eldenese lane, which stretcheth North to the high Street of Newgate Market; the same is now called Warwick lane, of an antient House there builded by an Earl of Warwick, and was since called Warwick Inn. It is on Record called a Messuage in Eldenese lane, in the Parish of St. Sepulchre, the 28th of Hen. VI. Cicile, the Dutchess of Warwick, possessed it.

Eldenese or Warwick Lane.

Warwicks Inn.

In the Court of the College of Physicians, situate since the Fire in this Lane, is a very fine Statue of K. Charles II. fronting the Gate; and underneath; this is written:

College of Physicians.

J. S.

Utriusq; Fortunæ exemplar ingens, Adversis rebus Deum probavit, Prosperis seipsum, Collegii hujus Stator,

On the Amphitheatre over against this Figure, stands the Statue, in Stone, of Sir John Cutler, Kt. a great Benefactor to this Work; and this single Hexameter.

Omnis CUTLERI cedat Labor Amphitheatro.]

Now again, from the Conduit by Paul's Gate, on the North side, is a large Street running West to Newgate; the first part whereof, from the Conduit to the Shambles, is (of selling Bladders there) called Bladder street. Then behind the Butchers Shops, be now divers Slaughter-Houses inward, and Tipling-Houses outward. This is called Mount-goddard street, by all likelihood of the Tipling-houses there; and the Goddards or Pots mounting from the Tap to the Table, from the Table to the Mouth, and sometimes over the Head.

Bladder street.

Mount goddard street.

Also this Street goeth up to the North end of Ivy lane. Before this Mount-goddard street, Stall-Boards were of old time set up by the Butchers, to shew and to sell their Flesh-Meat upon; over the which Stall-Boards, they first builded Sheds, to keep off the Weather. But since that (incroaching by little and little) they have made these Stall-Boards and Sheds fair Houses, meet for the principal Shambles.

Next is Newgate Market, first of Corn and and Meal, and then of other Victuals; which stretcheth almost to Eldenese lane. A fair new and strong Frame of Timber, covered with Lead, was therefore set up at the Charges of the City, near to the West Corner of St. Nicolas Shambles, for the Meal to be weighed, in the 1st of Edward VI. Sir John Gresham then Maior.

Newgate Market.

The Parish of St. EWIN.


On this side the North Corner of Eldenese lane, was sometime a proper Parish Church of St. Ewin.

St. Ewin.

Which Church had not its Name from Edwin, the first Christian King of Northumberland, (as Mr. Richard Smith supposed) but is the same Saint with Owen, or Andowen. And this Church in old Writing, is called Sti Audoeni juxta fratres minores London; and sometimes infra Newgate.

Who this Ewin was.

J. S.

In this Church was founded a Fraternity of St. Anne, the Mother of Mary, from the Alms of the parishioners; as it is exprest in a Certificate in the Tower, given in about it, by the then three Masters of it; viz. John Shepye, Taylor, Nicolas Minet, Fletcher, and another. Who certified, that in the same Church, every Year, seven Wax Candles quadrate, (i.e. square) were to be burnt before the Image of St. Anne, all the solemn Days, in which a Light burnt before the Crucifix; and yearly to be renewed the said Light, as long as the said Fraternity could sustain it. And that every Brother should offer at the High Mass of the said Day, in the Church, one Halfpenny. And four Torches of ten Pound of Wax, to be caused to burn upon the Obsequies of any Brother of the Fraternity, &c.]

A Fraternity of St. Anne here.

Record. Turr.

This Church (as is before said) was given by King Henry VIII. toward the erecting of Christ's Church. It was taken down, and in place thereof, a fair strong Frame of Timber was erected; wherein dwell Men of divers Trades. And from this Frame to Newgate, is all of this Ward: And so an End thereof.

And now for the Modern Estate of this large Ward.

The present State of this Ward.

As to the Description of the Places in this Ward, I shall begin with Ludgate street; then proceed to Black Friers, and the Places in the Precinct. Next, to Creed lane, Ave Mary lane, and Warwick lane; taking in the Places of Note and Name on each side. Then to Newgate street, with the Places on each side; as Christ Church, and the Hospital of the same Name; Newgate Market, Butcher Hall lane. After that, to Pater-noster Row, Cheapside, the Old Change; and conclude with St. Pauls, and the Places about it.

Streets in this Ward.

R. B.

Ludgate street. It is a Street of a very great Resort, both for Coach, Cart, Horse, and Foot, through Ludgate towards Fleetstreet, and other Western Parts of the City; and from thence into the City. For which Reason it enjoys a very great Trade, being taken up by considerable Dealers: And since the late Fire of London, the Buildings are very lofty and uniform. For the Description of Ludgate, see the Chapter in the first Book, which treats of the Gates of the City. This Street towards the East fronts the West end of St. Pauls. Adjoining to Ludgate, on the North side of the Street, is the Parish Church of St. Martins Ludgate. Which since the Rebuilding occasioned by the dreadful Fire of London, is very comely, and ascended up by stone Steps, well finished within; and hath a most curious Spire Steeple of excellent Workmanship, pleasant to behold.

Ludgate street.


St. Martin's Church.

On the South side of this Street, over against St. Martins Church, is the Entrance into Black Friers. The ample Privileges, that the Inhabitants of this Precinct did enjoy, have been for many Years lost. So that now the Sheriffs Officers can Arrest there.

Black Friers.

Black Friers hath but a narrow Passage out of Ludgate street, and turning by the back side of Ludgate Prison, falleth into an open Place with very good Buildings, well inhabited by Tradesmen. Which said Street runneth down Southwards to the Thames; but that part by Apothecaries Hall, and so downwards, is called Water street; and hath a handsome pair of Stairs to take Water at, where plenty of Wa-

Water street.