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The Stuart London Project, Humanities Research Institute, The University of Sheffield,
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[St. Anne Black Friers.] Faringdon Ward within. [Liberties.]183

[St. Anne Black Friers.] Faringdon Ward within. [Liberties.]

every of the Novices of the same Place 12d. To the intent that the same Prior, &c. shall pray for the Soul of my late Husband, my Soul, and all Christen Souls.

This Parish Church of St. Anne, within the Precinct of the Black Friers, was pulled down with the Friers Church, by Sir Thomas Cardin, alias Carden. But in the Reign of Queen Mary, he being forced to find a Church to the Inhabitants, allowed them a lodging Chamber above a Stair; which since that time, to wit, the Year 1597. fell down, (as was shewn before;) and was again (by collection thereof made) new builded and enlarged in the same Year; and was dedicated on the 11th of December.

Parish Church of St. Anne new builded in the Black Friers.

Here I thought good to insert the Copy of an antient Record, concerning the Privileges and Liberties (in elder times) granted to the said Black Friers; which happened to my Hands by friendly Information, and the Original thereof brought me, as her Verbatim it followeth.

A. M.


Notes and Articles for maintenance of the antient Liberties and Privileges of the late dissolved Black Friers, near Ludgate, in London.

 

"1. FIrst, It appeareth, that on the 25th Day of Novem. 1484. John Alforde, Shoemaker, dwelling within the Black Friers in London, was apprehended and put to death at Tyborn, for Felony; Thomas Newland, alias Norland, and William Martin, then being Sheriffs of London; who sought to have had the Goods of the said Felon. But the Prior of the said Black Friers withstood them, and possessed the same Goods to the use of the Lord of St. Johns, of whom the same Friers was then holden."

John Alforde executed at Tyburne.

" 2. Item, The Lord of St. Johns hath usually made the Bridge at the Thames, adjoining to the said Friers, and not the City of London, &c."

The Bridge at the Black Friers.

" 3. Item, the Prior and Covent were incorporated by Act of Parliament, in the Time of King Henry VI. whereby they might prescribe, and did always use and keep the Liberty inviolately, and cleerly exempted from the Citizens."

Incorporating of the Prior and Covent.

" 4. Item, The Precinct hath always been of such Liberties, as that no Man hath been Arrested within the same, by any of the Sheriffs Officers. And if at any time, any Officer of the City hath taken upon him to execute within the four Gates, he was rescued by the Friers and Inhabitants of Antiquity."

No Arrest within the Friers Precinct.

" 5. Item, At all times there hath dwelt within the Precint, divers and many Persons, not free; and yet they have used their Occupations there, without controlment of the City and Citizens."

Forreigners traded in the Precinct freely.

" 6. Item, always at sundry times (of long continuance) divers and many Carpenters, Masons, and such like, have been sent out of the Country, and have wrought within the Precinct aforesaid: Which is not sufferable within the Liberties of the City, by their own Customs and Ordinances."

Craftsmen come out of the Countries.

" 7. Item, Upon the view of any Person slain, the Coroner of the Verge did always make enquiry thereof. And the Deodand is due to the Lord of St. Johns, and not to the City. But now to the Queen's Highness due by Law, Equity, and good Conscience; whose Right and lawful Title, the Owners and Inhabitants of the said exempted Place and Precinct do seek with their Bodies and Goods to defend and maintain, against all pretended Title and Claim of the Citizens. Notwithstanding divers of the said Precinct and Liberty, have been greatly vexed and troubled with often Imprisonments within the Compters of the City."

The inquiry after the Death of any one slain, by the Coroner of the Verge.

" 8. Item, The Inhabitants within the said Precinct, were never charged to watch or ward, or to be within the compass of any Imposition; such as the Citizens are used and accustomed unto by their Laws."

Freedom from watching, warding, &c.

" 9. Item, In the Time of King Edward VI. Sir Andrew Jude then being Maior, there was a Riot committed in the Black Friers, in the House of one Master Lucas; by one Crouchman of the City, and other Persons with him. The force whereof was soon overswayed by Sir Thomas Saunders, and Sir Henry Jerningham, Knights, Mr. William Moore, Esq; with other Gentlemen inhabiting in the said Friers, and the Parties by pursuit, were twice Indighted in the Marshalsea Court holden in Southwark. Sir Nicolas Hare then being Steward, and sitting at the doing thereof. After which time, the said Crouchman (with other Confederates with him) sought to indight the said Gentleman, by an especial Sessions in the said City. For stay whereof, the Lords of the King's Privy Council, understanding the lewd Practices of the said Crouchman, and others, and that the Lord Maior had nothing to do within the Precinct; wrote their Letters unto the said Sir Andrew Jude, then Maior, willing him not to disturb the said Gentleman for the said Fact, to the infringing of the Liberties of the said Friers. The said Sir Thomas Saunders, and Master William Moore, being Bearers of the said Letters to the said Lord Maior. Who upon deliberation, made Answer to the said Bearers by Word of Mouth, That forasmuch as there was a Complaint made to him, of a Riot committed within the City, he must needs, (within one Month after) inquire by Sessions of the same; which, he said, could not be prejudicial to them, being out of the Jurisdiction of the City: For that the same should be Non coram Judice, and yet they discharged of the peril of the Statute. And so they proceeded with the said Letters. Whereupon, the said Sir Thomas, and Master William Moore, making report of their Success with the Maior, to the Lords of the Council; they wrote eftsoones other Letters to the said Maior, but of such force touching the Premisses, which were also carried by the said Sir Thomas, and Mr. Moore. Whereupon, the said Maior stayed from any further proceeding therein, or any other, &c."

A Riot committed in the Black Friers.

Letters from the Council to the Lord Maior.

" 10. Item, In Queen Mary her Time, the Counsel of the City put a Bill into the Parliament House, seeking by the same to have the Liberties of the said Friers: Which Bill, with all their Surmises, were so utterly rejected, that their Bill never came to the Question; but was so suppressed, by Argument openly in the same House. "

A Bill put into the Parliament House.

" 11. Item, The Liberties granted to Master Cawarden, by Letters Patent of K. Edw. VI. the Goods of Felons therein not granted, and so due to the Queen's Majesty. Whose Right and Title the City hath not had, nor can be suffered to enjoy, according to their seeking; by the only resistance of the said Owners and Inhabitants within the Liberty and Precinct, clearly exempted from the City, by Metes and Bounds on every side."

Cawarden's Letters Patents.

'12. Item,

© hriOnline, 2007
The Stuart London Project, Humanities Research Institute, The University of Sheffield,
34 Gell Street, Sheffield, S3 7QY