[St. Martins Ludgate.] Faringdon Ward within. [Ludgate Prison.]175

[St. Martins Ludgate.] Faringdon Ward within. [Ludgate Prison.]

"Churchyard of the foreaid Church of St. Paul. For they say, that the whole Place of the Land, on the East part of the said Church, where now of new they are buried, and where the great Campanile (Bell-house or Steeple) of the said Church is situated, is the Soil and Lay Fee of the King. And that the Citizens of the City have accustomed to hold there, from antient time, their Court called Folkmote; and to enter the said Bell-house, to ring the great Bell. By the ringing and sound of which, the said City ought, or are wont to be summoned; and to meet together at the Court aforesaid of Folkmote."

"And they say, that all the other Place of Ground on the West part of the Church, in like manner is the Soil and Lay-Fee of our Lord the King, belonging to the City aforesaid. And that in the same, the Citizens ought, and are accustomed to make their Assembly, together with the Lord of Bainard Castle, to make a view of their Armours, for the defence of the said City, as often as the Citizens shall see expedient.]"

The Parish Church of St. MARTIN Ludgate.


In this Street, on the North side, is the Parish Church of St. Martin, a proper Church, and lately new builded. For in the Year 1437. John Michael, Maior, and the Communalty granted to William Downes, Parson of St. Martins at Ludgate, a parcel of Ground, containing in length 28 Foot, and in breadth 24 Foot, to set and build their Steeple upon, &c.

St. Martins by Ludgate.

This Church was repaired and beautified at the Cost and Charge of the Parish, in the Year of our Lord God 1623.



Henry Johnson,
William Liod.

This Church was rebuilt after the great Fire, which consumed it. It is furnished with an Organ.


J. S.

In this Parish standeth the Prison of Ludgate. Between which Prison, and the Minister of St. Martins, formerly happened a Contest concerning payment of Tiths. Which was adjudged by the Common Counsel, March the 21st, in the 2d Year of Queen Elizabeth; namely, that Ludgate Prison should pay Tithes, Clerks Wages, and Church Duties, to St. Martins Church within Ludgate. Whether the Contention were concerning Tithing to that Parish, or Exemption from paying Tithes to any, I know not.]

Ludgate Prison to pay Tithes.


Formerly Debtors that were not able to satisfy their Debts, put themselves into this Prison of Ludgate, for shelter from their Creditors. And these were Merchants and Tradesmen, that had been driven to want by Losses at Sea. When King Philip, in the Month of August, 1554. came first through London, these Prisoners were Thirty in number; and owed 10000l. but compounded for 2000l. Who presented a well penned Latin Speech to that Prince, to redress their Miseries, and by his Royal Generosity to free them. "And the rather, for that Place was not Sceleratorum Carcer, sed miserorum Custodia: i.e. a Gaol for Villains, but a Place of Restraint for poor unfortunate Men. And that they were put in there, not by others, but themselves fled thither; and that not out of fear of Punishment, but in hope of better Fortune." The whole Letter was drawn by the curious Pen of Roger Ascham, and is extant among his Epistles, Lib. 3.

Prisoners of Ludgates

J. S.

If a Freemen or Freewoman of London be committed to Ludgate, they are to be excused from the Ignominy of Irons, if they can find Sureties to be true Prisoners, and if the Sum be not above 100l. There is another Custom for the liberal and mild Imprisonment of the Citizens in Ludgate; whereby they have Indulgence and Favour to go abroad into any Place, by Baston, as we term it, under the guard and superintendency of their Keeper; with whom they must return again to the Prison, at Night.

No Irons for the Prisoners here.

Brief Discourse of the Custom of Lond. Anno 1652.

This Custom is not to hinder and delay Justice, nor to defraud Men of their Debts and Executions, (as it is quarrellled against by some) but serves for a mitigation of their Punishment; and tends rather for the expedition of their Discharge, and speedy satisfaction of their Creditors. While they may go and inform themselves, upon mutual Reckonings, both what they owe, and what is due unto them.] Here follows

A TABLE of Fees to be taken by the Keeper of Ludgate, and the Turnkeys under him: Allowed of and confirmed at a Court of Aldermen, holden on Tuesday the 19th Day of January, 1685/6. in the time of the Maioralty of Sir Robet Geffery, Kt. Lord Maior of the City of London. As followeth,


Imprimis. At the coming in of every Prisoner, to the Turnkey000100
To the Officer that goes with him thither000002
To the Keeper, for every Prisoner's Discharge, 2s. and no more000200
For all Actions or Writs against any Prisoner, 12 Pence only,
and not 12 Pence for every Action; or 2s. 6d. for every Writ,
as formerly he took
Item, That the Keeper finding and providing clean Sheets every Month,
for every Bed, such Prisoners that lie therein, are to pay to the
Chamberlain for washing them every Month, between them, eight Pence
per Month, and no more; and not each Prisoner that lies therein to pay
8 Pence
The Keeper finding and providing Beds, Bedding, Mats and Cords,
Sheets, Blankets, and Coverlets, the Prisoners are to pay him for the
best Lodging, per Night
For the second Lodging, per Night000002
For the third, or meanest Lodging, per Night000001
But when the Prisoners find their own Beds and Bedding, which the
Keeper is in no sort to hinder, the Prisoner is only to pay per Week,
for Bed-room, 3 Pence, and no more
Or for Chamber-room, 4 Pence at the most, per Week, and not above
two to lie in a Bed
If the Prisoner, by his Inability, can go no further than a   

Fees payable by the Prisoners of Ludgate.

Rand. Stracey, Esq.