[St. Martins.] Aldersgate Ward. [Sanctuary there.]105

[St. Martins.] Aldersgate Ward. [Sanctuary there.]

"tery so done (withoutenforth) commit the same misdoer to ward, there to remaine as long as he will abide in the said Sanctuary. And if so bee hee will depart from thence, he shall depart at an Houre to be assigned unto him by Day, betwixt Sunne and Sunne. "

"7. Item, That subtle pickers of Lockes, counterfeitours of Keyes, contrivers of Seals, forgers of false Evidences, workers of counterfeit Chaines, Beades, Brouches, Ouches, Rings, Cups, Spoones silvered, and Plates of Copper gilt, uttered for Gold, unto the common hurt of the People, be not suffered in the said Sanctuary. And if any, being within the said Sanctuary, be holden suspect of the Things abovesaid, let him be committed to Ward, till he find sufficient Surety, as in the third Article abovesaid."

For Picklocks, Counterfeiters of divers notorious Crimes

" 8. Item, That common Putuers, Strumpets, and Bawdes, be not supported in the Sanctuary: And if they claime the tuition of the said Sanctuary, that they bee set in open Ward on day times, till shame cause them to depart, or to amend their vicious living."

For Strumpets, Bawds, and other foul Livers.

" 9. Item, That deceitfull Games, as playes at Hazzard, the Dice, the Guek, the Kayelles, the Cloysh, and other such unleefull and reprovable Games bee not used, supported nor cherished within the said Sanctuary."

Against unlawful Games.

" 10. Item, That all Artificers dwelling within the said Sanctuary (as well Barbours as other) keepe holy the Sundayes, and other great Festivall Dayes, without breach, or exercising of their Craft, in such wise as done the Inhabitants of the said City of London. And if they doe the contrary, to bee committed to ward, till they finde sufficient Surety, as in the third Article abovesaid; to use their Crafts in manner and forme as doe the Inhabitants of the said City, and according to the Ordinances of the same City."

For Artificers dwelling in the Sanctuary.

" 11. Item, That every Person comming to the said Sanctuary for immunity and tuition of the same, that hee at his admission to the said Sanctuary, be sworne on a Booke, to obey, keepe, and observe the Articles abovesaid, and every each of them, with their Pains and Rules appertaining to the same. And the King, by the Advice abovesaid, would, granted and ordained, that this Act be exemplified under his Great Seale, and be enrolled in his Chancellery; to the intent, that the Ordinance abovesaid remaine of Record, and that his Subjects may have knowledge thereof."

For such as come to live in the Sanctuary, to take an Oath.

Nos autem tenore præcedentium ad requisitionem dilecti & fidelis nostri Galfridi Boleyne, Maioris Civitatis nostræ London, & Aldermannorum ejusdem Civitatis, diximus exemplificandum per præsentes: In cujus rei testimonium has Literas nostras fieri fecimus Patentes, Teste Meipso apud Westmon. 24. die Novembris; Anno Regni nostri, 36.

Examinatur per Johannem Fankes &
Thomam Ive.

By the means and friendly help of Mr. William Williams, Clerk of the Chamber of London, I prevailed to have the true Copy of the said Articles: and therefore in this manner have inserted them.]

So that from these Regulations and Articles aforementioned, this St. Martins appears to have been a Sanctuary for great Disorders, and a Shelter for the loosest Sort of People; Rogues and Ruffians, Thieves, Felons, and Murtherers. From hence used to rush violent Persons, Committers of Riots, Robberies, and Manslaughters: Hither they brought in their Preys and stolen Goods, and concealed them here, and shared or sold them to those that dwelt here. Here were also harboured Picklocks, Counterfeiters of Keys and Seals, Forgers of false Evidences, such as made counterfeit Chains, Beads, Ouches, Plate, Copper gilt for Gold; nay, common Strumpets and Bawds, Gamesters, and Players at Hazard and Dice, and other unlawful Games. And lastly, Prophaners of Sundays, and other Festival Days, exercising their Crafts thereon.

St. Martins, a Sanctuary for Wickedness.

J. S.

And again, to this Licentiousness was this Sanctuary grown in these times, that Henry VII. his Reign, one coming hither for sanctuary, the Sheriffs took him thence by violence, and brought him away. But observe what followed: The Abbot of Westminster, (to whom this College now belonged) in the year of Henry VII. exhibited a Bill to the King against these Sheriffs, for arresting and drawing out with Force, a privileged Person, out of the Sanctuary of St. Martins, belonging to the Abby. Which Matter was heard in the Court of Star Chamber, before the Lords, and others of the King's Counsel, and Hody and Newton, Chief Justices. Which Justices determined, that by Law, the Party ought to enjoy the Privilege of Sanctuary: And the Sheriffs were grievously fined by particular Name. Which Sentence the Lord Dyer saw, as he reported under his own Hand. (And the Lord Coke saw in MS. not printed) upon a Reference to him and Justice Southcote, out of the Star Chamber, Trin. 11. Eliz. concerning the Sanctuary of Westminster, for Hampton and Whitacres being in for Debt.

The Sheriff fined for violating this Sanctuary.

Concerning the Patron, Privilege and exempt Jurisdiction of this Church, we may understand by an Inquisition of the King's Justices, at the Tower, in the Reign of King Edward II. when the Jury made this Presentment of it. That the Church of Great St. Martins, London, was in the donation of the King; and that Richard de Ellefeld then held it, and was Dean there; they knew not by what Warrant, Therefore the Sheriff was commanded to cause him to appear. Who came, and said, That he held the foresaid Church of St. Martins, as a Free Chappel of the Lord King, by the Donation and Concession of him, the present King; exempted from all ordinary Jurisdicition, and free by the Letters of the same King. Which he produced, in these Words; Edwardus, Dei gratia, &c. And by that Warrant he held that Church.]

The Privilege of St. Martins le Grand.

Before this Church there was a Solar, that is, a large airy Room or Chamber, somewhat like the Galleries in some great Houses; being Places of Entertainment and Pleasure. This Solar was towards the Street, and had a jetty outwards; which was so low, that it annoyed the People passing along. It was presented at the foresaid Inquisition, in these Words: "That the Dean and Canons of St. Martins the Great, held a certain Solar against the said Church, containing in length 29 Feet, and in breadth 11 Feet; Cujus Gettificium est nimis bassum de tribus pedibus: i.e. Whose Jetty was too low by 3 Feet." The Sheriff was commanded to summon them. Afterwards the Dean and Canons appeared by their Attorney, and yielded to take away what was Annoyance by the view of the Jury. And therefore it was commanded the Sheriff,

A Solar before St. Martins Church.

J. S.

Ubi supra.